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The Summer Olympics medal count is a list of National Olympic Committees ranked by the number of medals won during the Summer Olympics—the first Olympic Games of the Modern.
Table of contents
- Athens 1896 Olympic Games
- Peary’s expedition reaches North Pole?
- Modern Olympics - Athens First Modern Olympic Games
- First modern Olympics is held
- Site of Norse Parliament Discovered in Scottish Highlands
On 6 April , the American James Connolly won the triple jump to become the first Olympic champion in more than 1, years. He also finished second in the high jump and third in the long jump. The procession of the medal-holders. Lighting the Olympic Flame by: A symbolic fire at an Olympic Summer Games was first lit in in Amsterdam. The officials' oath at an Olympic Summer Games was first sworn in in Munich. First place winners were awarded a silver medal, an olive branch and a diploma. Those in second place were given a copper medal, a branch of laurel and a diploma.
The obverse side of the medal has Zeus' face along with his hand holding a globe with the winged victory on it, with the caption in Greek "Olympia". For the first time in Brazil, the exhibition will present a rare collection consisting of 69 prints, of which 54 feature competitions, prize ceremonies and celebrations and 15 are illustrations, news stories and admission tickets. In addition, the exhibit contains written content to contextualize the first Modern Olympics. The images of this event, one of the most important in the 19th century, were mostly taken by the Greek photographer Iannis Lampakis and the German Albert Meyer Each photographer shot the competitions and athletes in a very subjective manner, which adds to the value of the exhibition.
Even before the Olympics, capturing images of motion was a key focus.
Athens 1896 Olympic Games
However, it was not until photographic emulsion became more sensitive to light and reduced delays in focusing that the image of a moving object could be captured without being blurred. Iannis Lampakis was apparently well informed as to the photographic revelation techniques of his time. This meant that his work was more naturalistic than those of Meyer, the German photographer.
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Lampakis shot both ongoing events and award ceremonies, thus auguring 20th century photojournalism in Greece. Meyer's photographs shown at the exhibition were printed on platinum plates with a wide range of tones lending an austere air to images of the event. Again the royal family attended the ceremony, which was opened by the national anthem of Greece and an ode composed in ancient Greek by George S. Robertson , a British athlete and scholar. Afterwards, the king awarded prizes to the winners.
Unlike today, the first-place winners received a silver medal, an olive branch and a diploma, while runners-up received a copper medal, a laurel branch, and diploma. Louis then led the medalists on a lap of honour around the stadium, while the Olympic Hymn was played again. The King then formally announced that the first Olympiad was at an end, and left the Stadium, while the band played the Greek national hymn and the crowd cheered. Like the Greek king, many others supported the idea of holding the next Games in Athens; most of the American competitors signed a letter to the Crown Prince expressing this wish.
Coubertin, however, was heavily opposed to this idea, as he envisioned international rotation as one of the cornerstones of the modern Olympics. According to his wish, the next Games were held in Paris, although they would be somewhat overshadowed by the concurrently held Universal Exposition. The concept of national teams was not a major part of the Olympic movement until the Intercalated Games 10 years later, though many sources list the nationality of competitors in and give medal counts.
There are significant conflicts with regard to which nations competed. The International Olympic Committee gives a figure of 14, but does not list them.
Peary’s expedition reaches North Pole?
Some sources list 12, excluding Chile and Bulgaria; others list 13, including those two but excluding Italy. Egypt is also sometimes included because of Dionysios Kasdaglis ' participation. Belgium and Russia had entered the names of competitors, but withdrew. Ten of the 14 participating nations earned medals, in addition to three medals won by mixed teams , i. The IOC has retroactively assigned gold, silver and bronze medals to the three best placed athletes in each event to comport with more recent traditions.
To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title. Women were not entitled to compete at the Summer Olympics, because de Coubertin felt that their inclusion would be "impractical, uninteresting, unaesthetic and incorrect". Although she was not permitted to enter the stadium at the end of her race, Revithi finished the marathon in about five hours and 30 minutes, and found witnesses to sign their names and verify the starting and finishing times. Revithi intended to present this documentation to the Hellenic Olympic Committee , hoping that they would recognise her achievement.
Modern Olympics - Athens First Modern Olympic Games
Neither her reports nor documents from the Hellenic Olympic Committee have been discovered to provide corroboration. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Athletics at the Summer Olympics. Cycling at the Summer Olympics.
- Highlights of the games;
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- Citation Information.
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Fencing at the Summer Olympics. Gymnastics at the Summer Olympics. Shooting at the Summer Olympics.
First modern Olympics is held
Swimming at the Summer Olympics. Tennis at the Summer Olympics. Weightlifting at the Summer Olympics. Wrestling at the Summer Olympics. There are numerous reasons for the disparity: National teams hardly existed at the time, and most athletes represented themselves or their clubs. In addition, countries were not always as well-defined as they are today. The number of countries here reflects the number used by most modern sources.
Site of Norse Parliament Discovered in Scottish Highlands
See the relevant section for further details. The identities of competitors are known. According to Young , , "Vikelas and the other Greeks did most of the work. Coubertin did very little. In Greece the amateurism of athletes debate was taken a step further to encompass the question of the participation of the lower classes in the Games.
In , during the Zappian Olympic Games, Philippos Ioannou, a classical scholar and professor, criticised the games, and attacked the ideal of amateurism. His contention was that they were a parody, because people from the working class had taken part in the games.
Ioannou suggested that only young people from the upper class should be accepted in the following Olympiad Professionals and Amateurs , Foundation of the Hellenic World. Archived 29 September at the Wayback Machine.
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Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Archived 19 August at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 3 October In The Complete Book of the Olympics: Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 2 July Retrieved 21 February The Olympic Games. Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 24 February Retrieved 9 April Nations at the Summer Olympics in Athens , Greece. Events at the Summer Olympics Athens. Venues of the Summer Olympics.
Olympics portal Greece portal. Retrieved from " https: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with Greek-language external links Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages EngvarB from April Use dmy dates from April Articles containing Greek-language text CS1: Views Read Edit View history.
In the Olympic Games, the UK participates as a single entity, but conventionally under the name "Great Britain" rather than the more accurate "United Kingdom".