Guide Oragean Modernism:a lost literary movement, 1924-1953

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Jon Woodson's Oragean Modernism: a lost literary movement, () is the sequel to his path-breaking intervention in Harlem Renaissance studies.
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The literary group that Walker belonged to in Chicago in the s was an esoteric group disguised as Marxists. The essay is a close reading of Walker's poem that deciphers Walker's text. She is not at all elusive. The problem is that her readers are not equipped to read her work, because they have made a set of justifiable but nevertheless mistaken assumptions about what they are dealing with. The other texts that Hurston wrote as anthropology—Mules and Men and Tell My Horse are likewise coded, esoteric, and are completely devoid of authenticity as anthropological studies or collections of folklore.

Anti-Lynching Poems in the s more. This paper was originally a chapter in a book; it was the fourth crisis of the s. The chapter was longer than the paper, and it made the book too long for the editors. See the pdf of the book Anthems, Sonnets, and Chants below under Books. The pdf includes the introduction and the conclusion. Hieroglyphics, Thought, and Reading more. When this paper was uploaded the two illustrations that were included in the text did not follow along.

As the paper needs the illustrations, I have resorted to the awkward device of including two URLs where the hieroglyphics are on view As the paper needs the illustrations, I have resorted to the awkward device of including two URLs where the hieroglyphics are on view. This essay is a preliminary investigation of Hurston's use of Egyptian materials. Hurston's most important sources were the books by the esoteric Egyptologist Gerald Massey.

Massey is not discussed in this essay. This essay mainly explicates Hurston's reception as a literary user of myth. It argues that Hurston wrote as a literary esotericist interested in developing a scheme for personal development. As such her writings seldom make the kind of sense that they would seem to, since mistakes were a fundamental form of signaling the presence of esoteric meanings. Hurston's critics have normalized her mistakes and thus misconstrue much that they look at. E Waite , P.

Ouspensky , and Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings. The Heritage Series of Black Poetry, — A Research Compendium review more. Review of The Great Debaters more. The character of Tolson that the film presents is, in the final analysis, inexplicable and unaccountable. Tolson, an African-American college English teacher, is eccentric, secretive, and brilliant. The film does not deal with his poetry The film does not deal with his poetry at all.

He has two activities, organizing farmers as a Communist agitator and leading a championship debate team. The film makes no attempt to harmonize these contradictory activities, so by the conclusion of the film, we have no real idea of who Tolson was or what he was doing. He is perhaps a new type of black man, a sort of Indiana Jones, combining derring-do and intellectuality. Journal of Foreign Languages and Cultures more.

This twice-yearly peer-reviewed international journal in English, welcomes submissions. Issue 2 will be published Issue 2 will be published in June Everyone knows who MLK was. Hardly anyone knows that MLK was the creation of the breakaway American followers of the modern mystic G.

Orage, a large group of highly accomplished Americans intervened in history by Orage, a large group of highly accomplished Americans intervened in history by creating a modern civil messiah. To do this they followed a plan laid down four thousand years ago by the priests of Horus and two thousand years ago by the Essene community. The third time they changed their strategy and the result was the charismatic civil rights activist, MLK.

Concealed within the American Communist Party and other groups, a cadre of writers, intellectuals, editors, lawyers, artists, and publishers staged an Objective Drama that made MLK a towering moral leader. To Make a New Race: Gurdjieff, Toomer, and the Harlem Renaissance more.

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Jean Toomer's adamant stance against racism and his call for a raceless society were far more complex than the average reader of works from the Harlem Renaissance might believe. Gurdjieff on the thinking of Toomer and his coterie--Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larson, George Schuyler, Wallace Thurman--and, through them, the mystic's influence on many of the notables in African American literature.

Gurdjieff, born of poor Greco-Armenian parents on the Russo-Turkish frontier, espoused the theory that man is asleep and in prison unless he strains against the major burdens of life, especially those of identification, like race. Toomer, whose novel Cane became an inspiration to many later Harlem Renaissance writers, traveled to France and labored at Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man. Later, the writer became one of the primary followers approved to teach Gurdjieff's philosophy in the United States.

Woodson's is the first study of Gurdjieff, Toomer, and the Harlem Renaissance to look beyond contemporary portrayals of the mystic in order to judge his influence. Scouring correspondence, manuscripts, and published texts, Woodson finds the direct links in which Gurdjieff through Toomer played a major role in the development of "objective literature. Moreover Woodson reinforces the extensive contribution Toomer and other African-American writers with all their international influences made to the American cultural scene. The Zora Neale Hurston discussed in the essays collected in this volume bears no resemblance to the bodacious, womanist Zora Neale Hurston as she is commonly presented.

Historically, the scholarly work on Hurston has been a matter of There are numerous stylistic infelicities but, more importantly, spelling errors abound.

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Jon Woodson’s “Oragean Modernism” | John Robert Colombo

I am also a reader of books devoted to the Fourth Way, so I have a fair knowledge of the characters and personalities involved in the Work. I know about the contributions made by A.

Indeed, I knew Louise Welch, his biographer; I am familiar with her book Orage with Gurdjieff in America, which is cited here and there. I have read C.


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  • Jon Woodson | Howard University - wesatimunogo.cf.

Yet I am not an ideal reader of this book in the sense that I know little about its author, Jon Woodson, or his previous publications in this field. Howard is historically a Black university that is located in Washington, D. He is a recognized specialist in the field of African American expression. Well received was his study To Make a New Race: He is knowledgeable about a whole raft of writers whose names are familiar but whose writings are not as familiar as they should be. Orage , whose last name is now an adjective, was the brilliant editor of The New Age in London. He devoted the last decade of his life to assisting G.

Gurdjieff in his work in France and the United States.


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  5. In essence, he formed a variety of study groups in New York City, some devoted to the craft of writing, others to the study of the Work. I wrote a dissertation that read Melvin B. I have since worked to explore the esoteric cast of American modernism and have published To Make a New Race: Gurdjieff, Toomer, and the Harlem Renaissance , an account of how Tolson was introduced to esotericism by contact with the members of the Harlem Renaissance, many of whom were writing coded esoteric fiction and poetry.

    I have taught at Towson University and at Howard University. I now am at work on a series of comic novels. Has he been successful in realizing this aim and objective? Paul Beekman Taylor, the redoubtable historian of the Work, is quoted on the cover of the present book as saying yes: Your book is a major contribution to the cultural, intellectual, and spiritual history of the Harlem Renaissance and all the wells it drew from. Earlier I mentioned there is a useful illustration in the book.

    Some names are household names, largely from Greenwich Village: Other names are those of respected writers, many identified with the Harlem Renaissance: In the past it occurred to no one to search for esoteric influences or hermetic references in the works of Agee, Ellison, Dos Passos, West, for instance. And how about Alfred A.

    Jon Woodson’s “Oragean Modernism”

    Knopf who is included in this group? He and his wife Blanche established the most distinguished literary publishing imprint in the United States, largely by translating and issuing the cream of European literature of the Interwar Years. This is thin gruel. In the years ahead there may be readers and researchers who, following the lead of Professor Woodson, will devote time and energy to tracing the evidence for such influences. Professor Woodson devoted his doctoral dissertation to the writings of Melvin B. Ouspensky in order to shape his poems, and that Tolson was nothing less than a follower of George Ivanovich Gurdjieff.

    English Literature - Modernism: historical/cultural background and new literary techniques

    Though I was successful in earning a Ph. Fair enough so far.