Guide The Facility Management Handbook, Appendix F: Synopses of Economic Studies on Sustainability

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Read the full-text online edition of The Facility Management Handbook (). Synopsis. Facility management is a multidisciplinary function requiring a deep Insightful overviews, case studies, and practical guidelines pave the way for FASB and IASB requirements, distributed working, and sustainability reporting.
Table of contents

Only documents currently available on the Internet are summarized. Section F-4 summarizes documents from other sources that discuss Grant Assurance requirements. DOT resource documents currently available on the Internet that address Grant Assurance requirements. Most documents are national guidance documents. However, some regional guidance documents are also summarized.


The summaries include links to web pages on which the documents can be found. The link to the U. DOT document was obtained by searching the U. If a specific link is broken, please refer to the applicable homepage. The documents may also be found using a standard Internet search engine, such as Google. As such, it is addressed separately in this section.

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Synopses of other national guidance documents follow, and the section concludes with synopses of regional guidance. The Order consists of 23 chapters and 22 appendices. A copy of the Table of Contents is included as Section F The Table of Contents provides a useful summary of the subjects addressed by the Order. Among other things, Order The source of federal obligations other than Grant Assurances are conveyances for airport purposes of real or personal property from the federal government to airport Sponsors.

The obligations typically incorporated in these conveyances include the following:. These obligations are comparable to specific Grant Assurance obligations, but are subject to different enforcement mechanisms. In addition, most airport Sponsors that have accepted property from the federal government have also accepted AIP grants. Many of the Grant Assurances require Sponsors to take specific actions before applying for an AIP grant or during the implementation of a grant-funded project.

These requirements are not specifically addressed in Order Instead, they are addressed in other orders or guidance documents, such as the AIP Handbook, Order CGLs issued prior to publication of Order They are identified as such in the table. Describes types of projects planning, development land acquisition , and type of Sponsors e. Discusses the duration of applicability of Grant Assurances. Summarizes the relevant provisions of the statue, regulation, Executive Order or similar. This AC is included as a reference because, in some cases, it provides more information on particular federal requirements than does other current guidance.

In the event of a conflict between this AC and any later published AC, Order or other guidance document, the later published document takes precedence. Entities that displace persons or acquire property under a federal grant are required to follow federal guidelines for equitable treatment of property owners and tenants. Outlines steps to be taken for the acquisition, including appraisals, just compensation, negotiations, condemnation, relocation assistance, moving and related expenses both residential and other , replacement housing, treatment of tenants and post-acquisition management of property.

Provides a statutory basis for reporting requirements. Implements changes to FAA Form Provides information on accessing and using the Airport Financial Reporting website, including help-desk contact information. It addresses such subjects as independent fee estimates, selection procedures and policies, contract and solicitation clauses and types of permissible fee arrangements.

Specifies procedures for obtaining an FAA review of proposed arrangements. Provides recommended lease terms. Provides relative responsibilities for airports, engineers and the FAA for ensuring acceptable construction to protect the federal financial interests. Provides model zoning ordinances for various types of airports, including airports with instrument procedures. This AC is scheduled to be updated in FY Discusses statutory basis for the prohibition. Provides examples of prohibited exclusive rights and exceptions.

Exceptions include the following: Discusses statutory provisions defining when the presence of a single FBO cannot be treated as an exclusive rights violation. Includes definitions of aeronautical activity and of exclusive right. Notes that although minimum standards are optional, they are highly recommended by the FAA.

Discusses the reasons the FAA recommends the adoption of reasonable minimum standards Lists five considerations for applying minimum standards to meet the Grant Assurance obligation to provide access on reasonable terms, without unjust discrimination, as follows: Apply standards to all providers of aeronautical services, from full service FBOs to single service providers; 2. Ensure standards are reasonable, not unjustly discriminatory, attainable, uniformly applied and reasonably protect the investment of providers of aeronautical services to meet minimum standards from competition not making a similar investment; 4.

Ensure standards are relevant to the activity to which they apply; and 5. Ensure standards provide the opportunity for newcomers who meet the minimum standards to offer their aeronautical services within the market demand for such services. Encourages Sponsors to publish minimum standards separately rather than incorporate them into leases, and to update the minimum standards periodically.

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Discusses the need to tailor minimum standards to each type and class of service and, in particular, not imposing all of the minimum standards applicable to a full service FBO on SASOs. Provides sample questions that would be applicable in developing minimum standards for specific commercial aeronautical activities. Provides a technical discussion of the provisions of each of the laws applicable to airports.

Discusses the reasonable accommodation requirement of the ADA. Discusses requirements for providing ground transportation by entities whose business is providing ground transportation services and entities that provide ground transportation as an ancillary service, including vehicle requirements.

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Discusses the requirement to provide an accessible path of travel when making terminal alterations. It is anticipated that a final version of the updated AC will be published before or shortly after the publication of the Guidebook. Topics addressed include the following: Exemption is only available for revenue in excess of that needed to provide for operations, maintenance and capital investments identified in a five-year capital improvement program CIP CGL , FAA Review of Existing and Proposed Residential Through- the-Fence Access Agreements ; https: Discusses procedures for submission and review of residential TTF access agreements or access plans including access plans for existing residential TTF access at commercial service airports.

Discusses events that would trigger a requirement to resubmit an access agreement or to update an access plan. Discusses prohibitions on commercial activities and commercial aircraft fueling at residential TTF properties. Specifies prohibited discriminatory practices. Specifies the requirements for Title VI monitoring of Sponsors. Describes procedures for investigating complaints. If there is a conflict between the two versions of the order, the latter Defines aeronautical activity and exclusive rights. Implements statutory provisions specifying that the presence of a single FBO cannot be treated as an exclusive rights violation if it is unreasonably costly, burdensome or impractical for more than one FBO to provide the services, and if allowing more than one FBO to provide the services requires a reduction in space leased under an existing agreement between one FBO and the airport Sponsor emphasis added.

Guidance generally tracks later guidance documents on the subject of exclusive rights. Provides required language implementing Title VI to be included in all bid solicitations, requests for proposals RFP and contracts receiving federal funds administered by DOT modal administrations, including AIP grants.

Air Carrier Incentive Program Guidebook: A Reference for Airport Sponsors September ; http: Explains the role of Grant Assurance 22, Economic Non-discrimination, and Grant Assurance 23, Exclusive Rights, in defining permitted and prohibited practices. Explains the differences in the types of incentive programs that can be offered for two years and those that can be offered for only one year. Reiterates that payment of a cash subsidy or guarantee to a carrier is a prohibited use of airport revenue. To qualify for an incentive, the upguaging may not result in a decrease in frequencies in the market, and my not be offered on a continuing basis.

In other words, once the initial incentive period for upguaging in a specific market expires, the Sponsor may not offer additional incentives for another round of upguaging.

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Defines the types of incompatible uses and circumstances subject to the coordination requirements of the Interim Guidance the focus is on land uses creating hazards to persons or property on the ground. Establishes documentation requirements for alternative analysis. Specifies that the Interim Guidance only applies to new or modified land uses. Confirms the prohibition of new residential TTF access agreements at commercial service airports and the requirement for access plans that specifically address safety at commercial service airports with existing residential TTF access agreements.

Clarifies that the prohibition on commercial activity on residential TTF property only applies to commercial aeronautical activity. Clarifies that the prohibition of aircraft fueling on residential TTF property only applies to commercial fueling activity. Specifies that a general aviation airport Sponsor proposing a new residential TTF access agreement must demonstrate compliance with section prior to designating an access point. Sponsors executing access agreements before the FAA has completed its review do so at their own risk. Specifies that Sponsors with existing TTF agreements that permit residential and commercial aeronautical use of the TTF property must execute separate agreements for residential and commercial access, meeting the requirements applicable to each.

Includes a separate policy statement on existing residential TTF agreements at commercial service airports. Web page also includes links to the governing statutory provision, prior federal register notices and various sample documents, including a sample special condition for approval of ALPs showing residential TTF access points. Lists the roles and responsibilities of Sponsors, state aviation agencies and various FAA offices.

Includes an ALP review checklist and sample approval documents. This document may help Sponsors to comply with Grant Assurance Defines the role of various stakeholders in the Exhibit A review process. Specifies when new or modified Exhibit As must be submitted. Summarizes applicable law and FAA guidance.

Provides a standard Exhibit A review checklist. Specifies that land acquired for noise compatibility must be shown on Exhibit A, but permits the maintenance of a separate noise land inventory map for some airports. Identifies clauses or provisions that must be included in all contracts, as well as those limited to contracts implementing AIP funded projects. Identifies the source of the requirement and applicability for each clause or provision.

Provides recommended or required language to comply with federal requirements. States that UASs using the airport should pay fees comparable to those paid by other transient or based operators. Defines noncommercial construction of recreational aircraft as an aeronautical use Permits incidental storage of nonaeronautical items, so long as this storage does not interfere with aeronautical use of the hangar. Allows for nonaeronautical storage in vacant hangars when there is no aeronautical demand, with FAA approval. Clarifies that the policy does not create a federal right to use hangars for nonaeronautical storage, and that sponsors may adopt more restrictive policies.

Discussion of Grant Assurance 5, Preserving Rights and Powers, including recommendations for strong subordination clauses. References to requirements for the disposal of land or a change in land use under Grant Assurance 5. Discussion of Grant Assurance 22, Economic Non-discrimination, including the following: Airshows-Ground Operations Plans undated ; https: Guidance does not address Grant Assurance requirements, requirements per se, but focuses on Part compliance in connection with airshows. Includes links to additional reference documents for planning and implementing airshows.

Mineral Rights Revenue Exemption Toolkit https: The FAA will not bring direct enforcement action against a Sponsor resulting from the use of aviation fuel taxes imposed by other entities that do not conform to the restrictions, but may bring enforcement action against the entity imposing the taxes. However, Sponsors continue to be responsible for compliance with Grant Assurance 25 for aviation fuel taxes that they impose. All but one of the guidance documents were attached to e-mails; they cannot be readily accessed via the Internet.

Therefore, Table F-2 below is limited to the single regional guidance document that is currently available on the Internet. If the link included in the table is broken, the document might be located by searching that homepage, or by using a general Internet search engine, such as Google. Includes a brief discussion of Grant Assurances. A total of 17 publications were identified, consisting of the following: Many of the publications did not deal exclusively with Grant Assurance requirements. Instead, the Grant Assurance requirements were addressed as part of a broader discussion of the issues covered in the publications.

If a particular link is broken, the document might be located by searching that web page or using a general Internet search engine, such as Google. Discussion of the prohibition on Exclusive Rights Grant Assurance Discussion of construction management and project oversights Grant Assurance 17, Construction Inspection and Approval.

Discussion of environmental compliance requirements various statutes, regulations and Executive Orders included in Grant Assurance 1, General Federal Requirements. Volume 1 provides guidance designed to help to protect airports from incompatible land uses that impair current and future airport and aircraft operations and safety. Volume 2 includes 15 case studies that targeted a wide range of airports and land use issues.

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  7. The case study sites include large commercial service, military and general aviation airports, and are geographically diverse. Volume 2 also provides states and local governments with examples and a common basis for establishing zoning that protects the public interest and investment in airports. Volume 3 contains three separate components: Links to each of these components can be accessed through either of the URLs listed for Volume 1 or Volume 2. Part 77 requirements are discussed, as well as the roles and responsibilities of the local government with the permitting authority, the airport Sponsor and the proponent of a construction project.

    Chapter 4 includes recommendations and best practices for airport management, local and regional planning agencies and municipal authorities and building developers. This report will help Sponsors to meet their obligations under Grant. Reference to benefits of minimum standards to maintain compliance with Grant Assurances. Comparison of two distinct rate-setting models, compensatory and residual. Recommendation for the treatment of impact fees for development.

    Discussion of potential compliance issues under Grant Assurance 22, Economic Non-discrimination and Grant Assurance 23, Exclusive Rights, arising from non-compete clauses in leases. Discussion of potential compliance issues under Grant Assurance 24, Fee and Rental Structure, arising from right-of-first-refusal clauses that specify lease rates when the right is exercised.

    Discussion of multiple Grant Assurances affecting development projects and leases on airports, including the following: The discussion of Grant Assurances 6, 7 and 8 fails to specify that these assurances only apply to projects funded using AIP grants. Discussion of other potential Grant Assurance compliance issues that could arise through airport leasing or development, including the following: Discussion of methods for determining fair market value. The discussion lists certain intangible benefits of job creation or enhancement of tax revenue the FAA does not recognize as relevant considerations under Grant Assurance Best practice recommendations for leasing practices and policies generally consistent with Grant Assurance requirements.

    Brief discussion of Grant Assurance 22, Economic Nondiscrimination. Brief discussion of special events multiple Grant Assurances. Brief discussion of federal requirements for rules and minimum standards, as well as recommended subjects for minimum standards multiple Grant. Regulatory and compliance requirements are listed but are not described. Limited discussion of individual Grant Assurances. Chapter 6 includes a discussion on the structuring of TTF access policies, rents and charges and TTF agreements to comply with applicable Grant Assurances. Volume 1 is a primer that discusses the role general aviation airports play in the community and in the national aviation system.

    The primer also reviews the various infrastructure assets at airports and outlines the value of planning and prioritizing preventive maintenance in the budgeting process and the impact on operations if a Sponsor fails to conduct preventive maintenance. In addition, it identifies basic principles for establishing and implementing a preventive maintenance program. Volume 2 is a primer providing guidance on conducting preventive maintenance for typical airport physical infrastructure assets. The Guidebook also contains a CD-ROM that includes checklists that airport staff can customize for their use, as well as a PowerPoint presentation concerning the importance of budgeting for preventive maintenance that can be shown to governing boards or communities.

    An Integrated Approach; http: The list is not limited to the regulations specified in Grant Assurance 1 General Federal Regulations. It includes separate entries for regulations issued by a total of 17 federal agencies, as well as Covers governing federal programs, storm water discharges associated with industrial activities, construction activities and municipal separate storm sewer systems, the processing of water or wastewater treatment discharges, industrial wastewater pretreatment discharges and other relevant permit programs. The report will help Sponsors to meet their obligations related to water resources under the requirements in Grant Assurance 1, General Federal Requirements.

    Lists case law reporters and case compilations for judicial and administrative decisions, with Internet links to the extent available. Lists secondary sources, such as Corpus Juris Secundum, legal periodicals, non-legal periodicals, with Internet links to the extent available. Internet links to government and public agencies with relevant publications. Lists state transportation agency websites. Topics include access restrictions, environmental reviews, airport finance and Grant Assurances. Resources include legal periodical articles and other legal publications,.

    Introduction to Facilities Management

    Overview of federal legislation governing airports. Discussion of specific statutory provisions governing the use of airport revenues, including additional refinements and restrictions adopted by Congress in the s. Discussion of airports subject to Grant Assurance 25, Airport Revenues.

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    Discussion of the definition of airport revenue. Discussion of permitted uses of airport revenue. Discussion of prohibited uses of airport revenue. The discussions include references to relevant provisions of the Policy and Procedures Concerning the Use of Airport Revenue and individual opinion letters and memoranda addressing specific situations. Detailed discussion of selected significant controversies between Sponsors and the FAA over the use of airport revenue. Lists statutes, regulations, advisory circulars and other guidance documents relating to compatible land use, with brief descriptions of each.

    References then-current FAA policy to treat the unreasonable denial of self-service rights as well as other violations of Grant Assurance 22 as a constructive prohibited Exclusive Right under Grant Assurance Provides texts of the relevant Grant Assurances. Many of the determinations address other elements of Grant Assurance 22 and other Grant Assurances. Brief discussion of the limitations imposed on Proprietary Rights by Grant Assurance Commercial Aeronautical Activities at Airports; http: Includes examples of Part 16 determinations and judicial decisions finding Sponsor enforcement practices in compliance or in violation of Grant Assurance requirements.

    Includes a listing of FAA and airport industry guidance documents on the subject of minimum standards.

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