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Boudicca was married to Prasutagus, ruler of the Iceni people of East Anglia. However, when Prasutagus died the Romans decided to rule the Iceni directly and confiscated the property of the leading tribesmen. Boudicca's warriors successfully defeated the Roman Ninth Legion and.
Table of contents
- Behind the Name: Meaning, origin and history of the name Boudicca
- Boudicca – Warrior Queen of the Iceni
- Boudicca's Revolt (Boadicea)
- Keep Exploring Britannica
This was to be a grave mistake as it gave the Romans a massive advantage; while they were heavily outnumbered, the Romans had excellent equipment and experience in battle. It is said that Boudicca sat on a chariot and gave a rousing speech before the battle. Tacitus wrote that the Queen of the Iceni told the Romans that she was avenging lost freedom and the abuse of her, her daughters and her kingdom. She concluded by saying her cause was just and that she would rather die than live as a slave. While this surely roused her army, she did not have the tactical knowledge to get the best out of her advantage in numbers in an open field and the Romans began with a salvo of javelins which killed thousands of the rebels.
The Romans then attacked in a wedge formation and the fleeing rebels were blocked by their own wagons and slaughtered by the merciless Romans. Given the numbers of the field, it was a surprisingly quick battle though Tacitus was probably exaggerating again when he said 80, rebels died while only 4, Romans perished. The Roman sources disagree on what happened to Boudicca after the battle.
Historians have remarked on how the Iceni queen is an icon of British history while being a symbol both of British freedom and also of female power. The enduring nature of her legend can be seen through the various movies retelling the story and in , a statue of Boudicca was unveiled near Westminster Bridge in London.
Behind the Name: Meaning, origin and history of the name Boudicca
It is an amazing image of a proud female warrior standing in a war chariot, holding a spear; it is a figure of fearlessness, hope and freedom and aptly sums up a remarkable woman who was prepared to stand up to the might of Rome and die for a cause she believed was just. Carroll suggests a site close to High Cross, Leicestershire , on the junction of Watling Street and the Fosse Way , which would have allowed the Legio II Augusta , based at Exeter , to rendezvous with the rest of Suetonius's forces, had they not failed to do so.
Albans, Boudica's last known location, and the Fosse Way junction has suggested the Cuttle Mill area of Paulerspury in Northamptonshire, which has topography very closely matching that described by Tacitus of the scene of the battle,  and where large quantities of human bones of both sexes, and including children, have been found over a wide area together with fragments of Roman pottery from the 1st century.
In , it was suggested that the Iceni were returning to East Anglia along the Icknield Way when they encountered the Roman army in the vicinity of Arbury Banks, Hertfordshire. In his 6th century work On the Ruin and Conquest of Britain , the monk Gildas demonstrates his knowledge of a female leader who he describes as "treacherous":. Buddug has yet to be conclusively identified within the canon of medieval Welsh literature and she is not apparent in the Historia Brittonum , the Mabinogion or Geoffrey of Monmouth 's History of the Kings of Britain.
The original name of the bridge was Broad Ford Bridge. The name "Battle Bridge" led to a tradition that this was the site of a major battle between the Romans and the Iceni tribe led by Boudica. However, Lewis Spence 's book Boadicea — warrior queen of the Britons went so far as to include a map showing the positions of the opposing armies.
There is a belief that she was buried between platforms 9 and 10 in King's Cross station in London, England. There is no evidence for this and it is probably a post- World War II invention. The first English writings appear during the reign of Queen Elizabeth following the rediscovery of the works of Tacitus. Polydore Vergil may have reintroduced her to British history as "Voadicea" in It was in the Victorian era that Boudica's fame took on legendary proportions as Queen Victoria came to be seen as Boudica's "namesake", their names being identical in meaning.
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Boudica is also featured as the leader of the Celtic civilization in Civilization V: Boadicea and Her Daughters , a statue of the queen in her war chariot anachronistically furnished with scythes after the Persian fashion was executed by Thomas Thornycroft over the s and s with the encouragement of Prince Albert , who lent his horses for use as models. It was cast in bronze in , 17 years after Thornycroft's death, by his son Sir John , who presented it to the London County Council.
They erected it on a plinth on the Victoria Embankment next to Westminster Bridge and the Houses of Parliament , inscribed with the following lines from Cowper's poem:. The great anti-imperialist rebel was now identified with the head of the British Empire , and her statue  stood guard over the city she razed to the ground. Boudica Buddug was chosen by the Welsh public as one of eleven statues of historical figures to be included in the Marble Hall at Cardiff City Hall.
The statue was unveiled by David Lloyd George on 27 October From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the cruise ship, see MV Boudicca.
Boudicca – Warrior Queen of the Iceni
For other uses, see Boadicea disambiguation. For the film also known as "Warrior Queen", see Boudica film. A History of Wales. Iron Age Warrior Queen New ed. The Roman Army in Britain. Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved 5 July Early Britain, Celtic Britain. Retrieved 24 February Boudica and her stories: University of Delaware Press.
Folly and Fortune in Early British History: From Caesar to the Normans. A History of Roman Britain. Archived from the original on 30 May Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original on 19 August Hertfordshire Archaeology and History.
Boudicca's Revolt (Boadicea)
Archived from the original PDF on 3 March Old and New London: She was eventually brought to bay at an unknown site by a much smaller force of Roman troops. The battle turned against her when the Celts became entangled with their own camp followers and were massacred. Boudicca herself took poison rather than face capture.
Consequences of the Revolt The upshot of the Boudiccan revolt was that Iceni territory was ravaged and much of the province was put under military rule. There is a tendency to think of Boudicca as a great patriotic leader of the British, perhaps the first national heroine.
But, honestly, she isn't a very appealing character. She exacted indiscriminate and ferocious vengeance on many of her fellow British Celts who had the misfortune to live in the wrong place.
Keep Exploring Britannica
About the National Trust. Statue of Boudicca, Westminster, London. Castles England Scotland Wales.