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die Möglichkeit eines demokratischen Prozesses in Europa (German Edition). Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr im Fachbereich Politik - Politische Theorie.
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Wie Länder weltweit Demokratie, Militärherrschaft und andere politische Systeme sehen

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  • Ah, piet?, signori miei!, No. 21 from Don Giovanni, Act 2, K527 (Full Score).
  • Zwischen allgemeiner Anerkennung und Misstrauen!
  • Demokratie.
  • Meinungen über politische Systeme nach Land.
  • East Germany.

Get to Know Us. English Choose a language for shopping. Explore the Home Gift Guide. With a generational change in the episcopacy taking place in the early s, the state hoped for better relations with the new bishops, but the new bishops instead began holding unauthorised mass meetings, promoting international ties in discussions with theologians abroad, and hosting ecumenical conferences.

The new bishops became less politically oriented and more involved in pastoral care and attention to spiritual concerns. The government responded by limiting international contacts for bishops. East Germany's culture was strongly influenced by communist thought and was marked by an attempt to define itself in opposition to the west, particularly West Germany and the United States.

Critics of the East German state have claimed that the state's commitment to Communism was a hollow and cynical tool [ who? However, Pence and Betts argue, the majority of East Germans over time increasingly regarded the state's ideals to be hollow, though there was also a substantial number of East Germans who regarded their culture as having a healthier, more authentic mentality than that of West Germany.

GDR culture and politics were limited by the harsh censorship.

Wie Länder weltweit Demokratie, Militärherrschaft und andere politische Systeme sehen

The Puhdys and Karat were some of the most popular mainstream bands in East Germany. Like most mainstream acts, they appeared in popular youth magazines such as Neues Leben and Magazin. Schlager , which was very popular in the west, also gained a foothold early on in East Germany, and numerous musicians, such as Gerd Christian , Uwe Jensen , and Hartmut Schulze-Gerlach gained national fame. From to , an international schlager festival was held in Rostock , garnering participants from between 18 and 22 countries each year.

Bands and singers from other Communist countries were popular, e. Czerwone Gitary from Poland known as the Rote Gitarren. West German television and radio could be received in many parts of the East. The Western influence led to the formation of more "underground" groups with a decisively western-oriented sound. Additionally, hip hop culture reached the ears of the East German youth.

With videos such as Beat Street and Wild Style , young East Germans were able to develop a hip hop culture of their own. The entire street culture surrounding rap entered the region and became an outlet for oppressed youth. The government of the GDR was invested in both promoting the tradition of German classical music , and in supporting composers to write new works in that tradition. The birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach — , Eisenach , was rendered as a museum about him, featuring more than three hundred instruments, which, in , received some 70, visitors.

In Leipzig, the Bach archive contains his compositions and correspondence and recordings of his music. East German theatre was originally dominated by Bertolt Brecht , who brought back many artists out of exile and reopened the Theater am Schiffbauerdamm with his Berliner Ensemble. After Brecht's death, conflicts began to arise between his family around Helene Weigel and other artists about Brecht's heritage.

In the s, a parallel theatre scene sprung up, creating theatre "outside of Berlin" in which artists played at provincial theatres. Theatre and cabaret had high status in the GDR, which allowed it to be very pro-active. This often brought it into confrontation with the state.

Benno Besson once said, "In contrast to artists in the west, they took us seriously, we had a bearing. The Friedrichstadt-Palast in Berlin is the last major building erected by the GDR, making it an exceptional architectural testimony to how Germany overcame of its former division. Here, Berlin's great revue tradition lives on, today bringing viewers state-of-the-art shows. The East German industry became known worldwide for its productions, especially children's movies Das kalte Herz , film versions of the Brothers Grimm fairy tales and modern productions such as Das Schulgespenst.

The film industry was remarkable for its production of Ostern , or Western-like movies. Native Americans in these films often took the role of displaced people who fight for their rights, in contrast to the American westerns of the time, where Native Americans were often either not mentioned at all or are portrayed as the villains. Yugoslavians were often cast as the Native Americans because of the small number of Native Americans in Europe. He became an honorary Sioux chief when he visited the United States in the s, and the television crew accompanying him showed the tribe one of his movies.

American actor and singer Dean Reed , an expatriate who lived in East Germany, also starred in several films.

Die repräsentative Demokratie im Zeitalter des Internets

These films were part of the phenomenon of Europe producing alternative films about the colonization of America. Cinemas in the GDR also showed foreign films. Czechoslovak and Polish productions were more common, but certain western movies were shown, though the numbers of these were limited because it cost foreign exchange to buy the licences.

Further, movies representing or glorifying capitalist ideology were not bought. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall, several movies depicting life in the GDR have been critically acclaimed. Go for Zucker by Dani Levi. Each film is heavily infused with cultural nuances unique to life in the GDR. East Germany was very successful in the sports of cycling , weight-lifting , swimming, gymnastics, track and field, boxing , ice skating , and winter sports.

The success is attributed to the leadership of Dr. Manfred Hoeppner which started in the late s. Another supporting reason was doping in East Germany , especially with anabolic steroids, the most detected doping substances in IOC -accredited laboratories for many years. Sport teachers at school were encouraged to look for certain talents in children ages 6 to 10 years old. For older pupils it was possible to attend grammar schools with a focus on sports for example sailing, football and swimming. This policy was also used for talented pupils with regard to music or mathematics. Sports clubs were highly subsidized, especially sports in which it was possible to get international fame.

For example, the major leagues for ice hockey and basketball just included 2 teams each. Football was the most popular sport. Club football teams such as Dynamo Dresden , 1. Many East German players such as Matthias Sammer and Ulf Kirsten became integral parts of the reunified national football team. Other sports enjoyed great popularity like figure skating, especially because of sportspeople like Katarina Witt. Television and radio in East Germany were state-run industries; the Rundfunk der DDR was the official radio broadcasting organisation from until unification.

Reception of Western broadcasts was widespread. By the mids, East Germany possessed a well-developed communications system. There were approximately 3. An unusual feature of the telephone network was that, in most cases, direct distance dialing for long-distance calls was not possible.

Although area codes were assigned to all major towns and cities, they were only used for switching international calls. Instead, each location had its own list of dialing codes with shorter codes for local calls and longer codes for long-distance calls. After unification, the existing network was largely replaced, and area codes and dialing became standardised. In this state, each person had a place.

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All children could attend school free of charge, they received vocational training or studied, and were guaranteed a job after training. Work was more than just a means to earn money. Men and women received equal pay for equal work and performance. Equality for women was not just on paper. Care for children and the elderly was the law. Medical care was free, cultural and leisure activities affordable. Social security was a matter of course. We knew no beggars or homelessness.

There was a sense of solidarity. People felt responsible not only for themselves, but worked in various democratic bodies on the basis of common interests.


  • Wie Länder weltweit Demokratie, Militärherrschaft und andere politische Systeme sehen.
  • Remember When (The Remember Trilogy Book 1).
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Conceptualizing the GDR as a dictatorship has become widely accepted, while the meaning of the concept dictatorship varies. Massive evidence has been collected that proves the repressive, undemocratic, illiberal, nonpluralistic character of the GDR regime and its ruling party. East Germans find 'Wessis' arrogant and pushy, West Germans think the 'Ossis' are lazy good-for-nothings.

Unemployment and homelessness, which had been minimal during the communist era, grew and quickly became widespread; this, as well as the closures of countless factories and other workplaces in the east, fostered a growing sense that East Germans were being ignored or neglected by the federal government. In addition, many east German women found the west more appealing, and left the region never to return, this left a lot of single and indigent men behind with little skills nor cognitive abilities.

Ich gebe Ihnen mein Ehrenwort - Lüge und Wahrheit in der Politik - Doku

These and other effects of unification led many East Germans to begin to think of themselves more strongly as "East" Germans rather than as simply "Germans". In many former GDR citizens this produced a longing for some aspects of the former East Germany, such as full employment and other perceived benefits of the GDR state, termed " Ostalgie " a blend of Ost "east" and Nostalgie "nostalgia" and depicted in the Wolfgang Becker film Goodbye Lenin!

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see GDR disambiguation. This article is about the country that existed from to For the historical eastern provinces, see Former eastern territories of Germany. For the modern east of Germany, see New states of Germany. For a group of extinct Germanic languages, see East Germanic languages.

Workers of the world, unite!


  • Quiet Times;
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  • Demokratie.
  • Wie Länder weltweit Demokratie, Militärherrschaft und andere politische Systeme sehen.

Auferstanden aus Ruinen English: The territory of the German Democratic Republic from its creation on 7 October until its dissolution on 3 October East German mark — , officially named: The initial flag of East Germany adopted in was identical to that of West Germany. In , the East German government issued a new version of the flag bearing the national emblem, serving to distinguish East from West. France , United Kingdom and the United States. History of East Germany. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to People's Socialist Republic of Albania to Somali Democratic Republic to People's Republic of China to Forest Brothers in Lithuania in Latvia in Estonia.

Part of a series on the. Reunification New federal states. Die Wende and German reunification. Politics of East Germany. Class struggle Class consciousness Classless society Collective leadership Common ownership Commune Communist society Free association From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs Gift economy Proletarian internationalism Stateless society Workers' self-management World revolution. Communist state Communist party Communist revolution Communist symbolism History of communism. Constitution of East Germany.

Administrative divisions of East Germany. Border Troops of the German Democratic Republic. Conscientious objection in East Germany. Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. Economy of East Germany. State atheism and Irreligion in Germany. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Berlin. Culture of East Germany. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Telecommunications in Germany and Telephone tapping in the Eastern Bloc. DD Information site about. Towards a Global Community of Historians: Berghahn Books, , pp. East German Distinctiveness in a Unified Germany.

Retrieved 8 August Democratization in Eastern Europe Routledge, Die Zeit , June Retrieved 10 May Building an International Sociology of Work. The Sanctity of Rural Life: Nobility, Protestantism, and Nazism in Weimar Prussia. Oxford University Press, pp. Transaction Publishers, Preface, p. Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 25 September The Stalin Note of and the Problem of Reunification. Haydock, City Under Siege: Following a Soviet order in February , the German Economic Commission became a nascent state structure for all intents and purposes, with competence far beyond the economy proper and it was granted power to issue orders and directives to all German organs within the Soviet Occupation Zone.

The DWK had become the de facto government of the Soviet zone. Stones Against Tanks , Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 16 May The Russians in Germany: A History of the Soviet Zone of Occupation, — Harvard University Press, The Price of Recognition". Touring Beyond the Nation: A History of Communism ," New York: Weitz, Creating German Communism, — From Popular Protests to Socialist State.

Retrieved 24 October The historian Ulrich Busch argued that the currency union came too early; see Ulrich Busch: Wirtschaftspolitische Fehlleistung mit Folgen, in: Conradt, The German Polity p. Retrieved 28 March Central and Eastern Europe after Archived from the original PDF on 11 November Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 11 August Germany and the Americas: Current Reports from the Foreign Service". Archived from the original on 9 November Retrieved 2 October Zatlin, The Currency of Socialism: High Growth of an Underachiever?

Retrieved 20 January In Cooke, Paul; Grix, Jonathan. Retrieved 21 September Thus, negotiations must be led by the State, which is understood to be non-partisan, namely by the state Secretary for Church Affairs. But decisions on Church policies are to be made exclusively "in the party" [ Columbia University Press, , p. Bowers, "Private Institutions in Service to the State: Routledge Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since East German everyday culture and politics. Retrieved 15 December Juli , abgerufen am Retrieved 19 December African- Americanization and Hip-hop in Germany.

From Krauts with Attitudes to Turks with Attitudes: Theatre for the People: Retrieved 1 September Free-Market Nostalgia for Socialist Consumerism". A Journal of Germanic Studies. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. Archived from the original on Tagilabue, John February 12, The New York Times. Janofsky, Michael December 3, Kirschbaum, Erik September 15, Inside the East German doping machine 1st ed. Longman, Jere January 26, Harding, Luke October 31, Jackson, Guy September Archived from the original on June 11, Associated Press December 13, Retrieved 27 January Retrieved from Google Books 25 January That Was the Wild East: Film Culture, Unification, and the "New" Germany.

Architecture and Politics in Postwar Germany. Engineering and Dictatorship in East Germany, — Berger, Stefan, and Norman LaPorte, eds. The East German Economy, — Falling Behind Or Catching Up? The Two Red Flags: Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Fulbrook, Mary and Andrew I. The German Democratic Republic since