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Disney, nipote di Walt, distribuito in pubblico nel dicembre Frances McDormand, William H. Ozpetek, e il primo di ambiente italiano. Secondo lungometraggio dei personaggi inventati da Don Bluth questa volta senza la sua collaborazione. Dopo 28 mesi di lavorazione, D. Bluth ha sfornato 80 minuti di animazione di alta qualita'. Rifatto da Eddie Murphy con Il professore matto. Monroe con la sua vocina. Dutton, Patricia Neal, Ned Beatty.

Belle e celeberrime canzoni. E' il primo lungometraggio di disegni animati che si fa in Italia dopo Allegro non troppo di Bruno Bozzetto. Per i bambini e per gli adulti che amano i film di animazione P. Dal libro di Ted Hughes. Reilly, Jena Malone, Brian Cox. Stefan Fjeldmark, Flemming Quist Moller. Rosny Aine [Avventura, Preistoria]. Keanu Reeves, Diane Lane, D.

Weaver recita sopra le righe come gli altri. Trentacinquesimo cartoon di lungometraggio della Disney. Joe Mantegna, William H. York In Search of Unicorns. Carroll, Jessie Royce Landis. Edwards di Francis Beeding. John Cusack, John Goodman, L. Sam Neill, William H. Ryan che conosce bene i tempi comici. Favola con disegni e colori che rimandano ai quadri di Gauguin e del doganiere Rousseau. Pur aiutata da diverse controfigure anche sotto la doccia , da tante tutine e dal Wonderbra, A. Jolie non ha deluso il popolo dei videogame.

Il cucciolo ribelle [Lady and the Tramp II. Bella colonna musicale in omaggio a Elvis Presley; un riuscito miscuglio di fantascienza e tenerezza. Auster , fine narratore, si cimenta nella regia con una storia che coniuga il realismo magico con il noir. Il grande gioco ; Magilla a Hollywood ; Lo scienziato pazzo ; Un gorilla per amico. Monroe canta la ballata del titolo. Coburn insegue la deliziosa e occhialuta M. Monroe con un sifone di seltz. Depardieu e la freschezza di M.

Gillaine sono le poche note liete di una melensa storia balneare. Truffaut con Jean-Louis Dabadie. Ngor, Bradley Whitford, Michael Constantine. Partain, William Vail, Gunnar Hansen. Dal libro di Gianni Rodari. Cipollino ; Le avventure di una formichina ; Nel profondo della foresta. Il primo amore ; Attraverso lo specchio ; I pulitori di orologi ; Il pappagallo di Topolino ; Il piccolo tifone ; Topolino ritardatario ; Topolino a pesca David Duchovny; Gillian Anderson. La stella del cinema ; Topo Gigio conteso ; Nostratopus ; Il robot delle frittelle. Buster Keaton, Fatty Arbuckle.

Il rustico ; Il garage ; Una settimana ; Il carcerato n. Monicelli, dopo Crackers di L. Wilson, Harry Waters Jr. Ashley Judd, Samuel L. Primo lungometraggio di animazione di B. Bozzetto, il secondo italiano dopo "La Rosa di Bagdad". Jeff Bridges, Jon Abrahams, R. Authors, Ryan Donowho, Ron Lea. Allen e della sua New Orleans Jazz Band. Questo nuovo film presenta Glen, il figlio rimasto orfano della bambola maledetta Chucky e di sua moglie Tiffany.

Camilleri pubblicato nella raccolta "Un mese con Montalbano" Richard Harrison, Grant Temple. Serie di 3 DVD: Il leone, la strega e l'armadio [The Chronicles of Narnia: Carroll, Charles Ruggles, Una Merkel. Topolino, Paperino e Pippo e tutti i loro amici sono pronti a rivivere la gioia, la magia e il calore del Natale. I Teletubbies si guardano allo specchio. E' un'esperienza molto divertente!

Ci sono dei bambini con le macchine fotografiche, che bello guardali mentre si fanno la foto!. Po canta una bella canzone e salta in una pozzanghera blu. Tinky Winky guarda una nuvola speciale, scintillante. Laa-La ricorda la neve caduta a Teletubbilandia e Dipsy legge un libro magico. Tutti insieme guardano un magnifico arcobaleno. Grottesco trash fuori misura. Weissmuller bello, atletico e agile. Dal romanzo di Edgar Rice Burroughs.

Don Camillo di Giovanni Guareschi. Fantastic, la Donna invisibile, la Torcia umana, la Cosa: Chaplin, Edna Purviance, Mack Swain. Zhang raddoppia, senza ripetersi, col wuxiapian, genere lanciato in Occidente dal premiatissimo La tigre e il dragone di L. Gli va tutto storto. Il secondo lungometraggio d'animazione di T. Hooper in un Nordamerica di provincia. Manca poco al gran giorno dei rettili volanti e Petrie con il suo stile libero ha un po' di problemi a volare in formazione con i suoi fratelli. Mattel Entertainment Projects ; [regia]: Ocelot, punta di diamante della "Factory Les Armateurs", fondata nel da Didier Brunner racconta il seguito delle avventure africane del piccolo eroe di tutti i giorni.

Sono tornati ma in un film tutto nuovo! Contiene i seguenti episodi della serie: La nave in pericolo; Partono le rondini; Il pane fatto in casa; La casetta nuova; Al luna park; Il rubinetto rotto. Bruce Campbell, Chase Masterson, C. Pozzetto in ottima forma. Pozzetto in gran forma. Concerto dal vivo del maestro Ennio Morricone all'Arena di Verona Uno strappalacrime da non perdere con due interpreti meravigliosi. Fallita l'impresa, la trasformano nella trattoria Ai due porconi.

Contiene 4 episodi della serie: A caccia di meduse ; Plankton ; Un vicino conteso ; L'esame di guida. Leggenda del tesoro scomparso La [Strawberry Shortcake: Day che cinguetta e salta senza sosta. Nella parte bassa della classifica. Diverse situazioni divertenti il ponte tibetano, la respirazione bocca a bocca, la gag del pesce in tasca. Wyler dopo il ' Tyrese Gibson, Taraji P. Remo Girone, Victoria Zinny. La maledizione del forziere fantasma [Pirates of the Caribbean: Terzo film della serie incentrata sul topolino bianco, questa volta in vacanza con la famiglia Stuart in campeggio.

La storia di un ragazzo cersciuto nella giungla, allevato da degli animali, che scopre il mondo degli umani. Jackson, Rosie Perez, Christa Rivers. Interviste sul tema dell'amore e del sesso dai punti di vista di una mamma, un bambino, un transessuale, una prostituta e un travestito. Ossie Davis, Charles S.

Alberto Lupo, Anna Maria Guarnieri. La roulotte di Topolino ; Topolino e la foca ; Topolino in Australia ; Paperino e la partita di golf ; Come giocare a baseball ; Gli alpinisti. Cliff, Ellen Green ; musica: La vendetta dei Sith [Star Wars: Greg Richardson ; [musica]: Sergio Donati et al.

William Lau ; [sceneggiatura]: Elise Allen ; [musica]: Parte 1 ; L' inizio. Parte 2 ; Faccia a faccia ; Diamanti d' energia. Un nuovo compagno ; Minaccia sotterranea. Parte 1 ; Minaccia sotterranea. Parte 2 ; Boom. Una gita in campagna ; Uno strano compleanno ; Visita al luna park.


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Luciano Vincenzoni ; [musica]: Un nuovo Ranger ; Scambio di persona ; Sam. Parte 1 ; Sam. L' amicizia ; Festa di compleanno ; Terrore del passato. Parte 1 ; Terrore del passato. Pericolo Wootox ; Il samurai ; Atto di disobbedienza ; Prospettive personali. Missione a Torrenuvola ; A che servono gli amici? Voci dal passato ; Il nemico nell' ombra ; Il segreto di Brandon ; Domino!.

Villa Vila Colle ; In giro a far compere ; Una festa movimentata. These modifications were approved without objection by the majority of the writing committee. References William B McAllister. Drug diplomacy in the twentieth century: Routledge, New York, The Price and Purity of Illicit Drugs: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime; Toward a global view of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, and cocaine use: Global epidemiology of injecting drug use and HIV among people who inject drugs: Illicit drug policies and the global HIV epidemic: Effects of UN and national government approaches.

Open Society Institute; Outbreak of HIV infection in a Scottish prison. British Medical Journal ; Drug injecting and syringe use in the HIV risk environment of Russian penitentiary institutions: Interventions to reduce HIV transmission related to injecting drug use in prison. Lancet Infectious Diseases ;9: Effects of an intensive street-level police intervention on syringe exchange program utilization: American Journal of Public Health ; Impact of law enforcement on syringe exchange programs: Situational factors influencing drug injecting, risk reduction and syringe exchange in Togliatti City, Russian Federation: Drug law enforcement and race in the United States.

Human Rights Watch; An analysis of life years lost.


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  • Journal of Urban Health ; Behind bars in America The Pew Charitable Trusts The social structural production of HIV risk among injecting drug users. Stigma, discrimination and the health of illicit drug users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence ; Reason and rights in global drug control policy. Canadian Medical Association Journal ; The Singer Chamois version sold at a premium: The Hillman Imp is a compact, rear-engined saloon car , manufactured under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group later Chrysler Europe from to The Imp was assembled at a purpose-built plant at Linwood , near Paisley , in the West of Scotland conurbation.

    As reported in tests such as the Practical Car and Driver , rear-engined cars generally suffer from oversteer handling characteristics to some extent, and to counteract this as much as possible, the Imp had a semi-trailing arm independent rear suspension system. To attain balanced handling, the Imp actually used swing axle geometry at the front, but this initially led to too much understeer and the camber was later reduced by lowering the pivot points.

    Rootes relied upon a team led by two young designers, Tim Fry and Mike Parkes who were given an almost free hand to come up with a small car that would fit well into the Rootes car programme. This at the time centered on derivatives of the Hillman Minx car. Over the life of the car, Rootes and later Chrysler UK produced three basic body styles. The original Saloon was introduced in May and ran through to the end of production in It had an opening rear window, making it effectively a hatchback.

    The opening rear window was intended to make it easier to load the small luggage area behind the fold-down rear seat. The fold-down nature of the rear seat was itself unusual in small car design at the time, being more often associated with larger upmarket estate cars. In a van badged as the Commer Imp was introduced.

    Several estate car prototypes using the saloon body with extended rooflines were tried, but never offered to the public.

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    Instead, buyers choosing the estate had to settle on a van-derived car with somewhat uneasy styling. Both the van and estate ceased production in In an attempt to interest a wider public when sales figures fell well short of the intended , or more cars per annum, several badge-engineered derivatives, such as the luxury Singer Chamois launched October , and the Sunbeam Sport launched October , with a more powerful twin-carburettor engine, were offered with varying degrees of success.

    The coupe bodyshell was similar to the standard body but featured a more shallow-raked windscreen and rear window which, unlike that on the standard bodied cars, could not be opened. The attempt at a more sporty design did not translate into better acceleration or top speed figures and the aerodynamics of the standard saloon were actually slightly better. The new body style made its first appearance at the Paris Motor Show in October , with the introduction of the sporting Sunbeam Stiletto.

    The Imp was a massive and expensive leap of faith for Rootes. The company did not have recent experience building small cars, even though it started off as a car builder by offering the then small Hillman Minx back in However, the Minx had since grown larger, and by the time the Imp was introduced it was well established as a medium-size family car.

    For the Imp, Rootes pioneered the use of an aluminium engine in a mass-production car. This process proved to be more complicated than simply substituting a familiar and well-understood cast iron design with a new aluminium one. Rootes had to build a new, computerised assembly plant on the outskirts of Glasgow , in the town of Linwood , in which to assemble the Imp, since planning regulations had prevented it from expanding its Ryton plant near Coventry.

    UK Government Regional Assistance policy provided financial grants to the Rootes Group to bring approximately 6, jobs to the area. Linwood had become an area of significant unemployment because of redundancies in the declining shipbuilding industry on the nearby river Clyde. The location of the plant led to significant logistical issues for the manufacturing process.

    This schedule remained in operation for the duration of Linwood Imp production. The local West of Scotland workforce, mainly recruited from the shipbuilding industry, did not bring the distinct skills necessary for motor vehicle assembly, and Imp build quality and reliability suffered accordingly many years later Alfa Romeo suffered similar problems when they established Alfasud in Naples as a production satellite of Alfa Nord in Milan. However industrial relations was also an issue in production. Initially, the Imp was seen by Rootes as a potential second car for families with the means to acquire one.

    In this incarnation, it was a somewhat revolutionary, high-quality small car, with some above average features.

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    At one point the basic Hillman Imp was the cheapest new car on the British market, which increased low sales figures for a time. At launch the innovative design of the Imp was underdeveloped, in part because of UK Government pressure to start production quickly in response to the job losses in shipbuilding. Mechanical and cooling system problems were commonplace in the early cars.

    At the end of a major revision to the Imp was introduced, effectively splitting the marque into Mk I and Mk II cars. The Mk I Imps had a pneumatic throttle linkage and an automatic choke, both of which were replaced by more conventional items on the Mk II. The Mk II also had improved front suspension geometry and several trim and detail changes. Although the car was constantly improved over its production life, there was no single change as significant as that in A further upgrade took place in The instrument panel and steering wheel were redesigned.

    On the Imp, the more modern arrangement was seen by some as a missed opportunity. It still sold thanks to its competitive price, distinctive styling, and cheap running costs, but sales never lived up to expectations for what had become a very competent small car. Another problem that contributed to the reputation of poor reliability, was the lack of understanding of the maintenance needs of alloy engines by owners and the motor trade in the s.

    It was overshadowed in popularity by the Mini. The link was initiated by Lord William Rootes in as a partnership, but he died in October of that year and by the company had been acquired by Chrysler, to become part of Chrysler Europe. Its place in the Chrysler UK range was taken the following year by the Chrysler Sunbeam , a three-door hatchback based on the Avenger rear-wheel drive underpinnings. Both cars continued to be produced at the Linwood plant until it closed in , after just 18 years in use.

    The Ryton assembly plant continued in operation until December , when production of the Peugeot was switched to Slovakia. Approximately half a million, half of this number coming in the first three years of production. The model returned, this time as a four-headlamp Sunbeam with the newer dashboard, around but was only offered for about two more years. The Hillman Husky name was resurrected in for an Imp-based estate car. The engine proved flexible and very easy to tune.

    The overhead camshaft design meant that the head could be flowed and ported to allow the engine to run at high speeds. Useful improvements in power could be gained by replacing the standard silencer with one that impeded the exhaust gas flow less and with better carburettors. However, in adapting the design to suit modern mass-production methods, Rootes had left the engine somewhat more fragile than the Coventry Climax model from which it had been derived.

    The Imp enjoyed modest success in both club and international rallying. Rootes introduced a homologation special called the Rally Imp in The Rally Imp featured many modifications over the standard model, the most important of which was an engine enlarged to cc. Imps were also successful racing cars. Driven by Bill McGovern , the Bevan Sunbeam Imp won the championship in , and with limited factory support. In UK club racing the Imp variants became highly successful in the under cc Special Saloon category. The Imp was also successfully raced and rallied in other parts of the world, notably Asia, where drivers including Andrew Bryson and Pardaman Singh regularly won saloon car categories into the s.

    Exhaust systems were naturally constructed on a one off basis, and often sporting the Twin Weber twin choke set up. Imp-engined outfits are still regularly championed in classic racing.

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    Andy Chesman won the World Hydroplane championship using an Imp engine. He also fitted a spacer on top of the wet block to accommodate longer piston liners, increasing capacity to cc. He was killed in in a power boat accident, still holding the record. The Chrysler Sunbeam is a small supermini three-door hatchback manufactured by Chrysler Europe at the former Rootes Group factory in Linwood in Scotland. In the mids, the British automotive industry was in crisis, marred by frequent strikes and decreasing competitiveness compared to the increasingly successful Japanese automakers. In particular, the Linwood facility was generating losses due to many reasons, including underutilized capacity.

    Chrysler management decided that the company should therefore also benefit from state aid, and pressed the government for it by threatening to close the UK operations. The Sunbeam was, unlike the larger Horizon and Alpine models which were launched by Chrysler in the mid to late s, never sold in France as a Simca. Other than that, most components were identical to those of the Avenger. This ensured that the R would fit in well with the new Chrysler lineup and come across as fairly modern.

    The GLS version had a vinyl roof as standard. There was only one body style for the Sunbeam, that of a three-door hatchback. The car was literally a hatchback , with the rear hatch formed out of a single piece of glass as seen previously on the Hillman Imp. This required a high rear sill to provide some structural rigidity and which consequently made the loading and unloading of luggage rather difficult.

    These have been considered similar to the Avenger in their comfort. Until the R launch, most Chrysler UK products were sold in export markets under the Sunbeam brand of the former Rootes portfolio. Chrysler, however, was striving to cut down on the Rootes brand palette which at that time existed solely by means of badge engineering and introduce a pan-European image using the Chrysler brand as the only one for the whole range. After a remarkably short development period of just 19 months, the Chrysler Sunbeam was launched on July 23, , to a quite positive reception by the British automotive press.

    To reduce in-house competition, the more basic versions of the two-door Avengers were dropped at the same time in the UK market, and the Chrysler Horizon was only available in five-door form. The Sunbeam sold well, but was not a runaway success. In spite of the ability to keep the UK business afloat, Chrysler was still making losses both in Europe and at home, and, facing the possibility of complete bankruptcy, decided to sell Chrysler Europe to the French PSA. It was based on the former Avenger Tiger itself hailing back to the Sunbeam Tiger , a sporty version of the Avenger.

    It featured sporty two-tone paint and body kit, and was very sport-oriented, being stripped of equipment that would compromise its performance and image. Chrysler had also commissioned the sports car manufacturer and engineering company Lotus to develop a strict rally version of the Sunbeam. Final inspection, in turn, took place in Stoke, Coventry. At first these were produced mostly in black and silver, although later models came in a moonstone blue and silver or black scheme. After the takeover, PSA decided that keeping Linwood running would remain unprofitable in the long run and that the facility would have to be closed.

    This would also mean the end of the Avenger and Sunbeam model lines. Even though the end was looming, the Sunbeam was afforded a facelift for its final model year, finally gaining flush headlamps along with an entire new front end, featuring the Talbot logo in lieu of the pentastar, which made it look completely in line with the new Talbot lineup.

    Until the time production ended, about , Sunbeams were made.

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    The Horizon was a supermini developed by Chrysler Europe and was sold in Europe between February and under the Chrysler , Simca , and Talbot nameplates. Derivative variants of the Horizon were manufactured and marketed in the United States as the Dodge Omni and Plymouth Horizon until The Horizon was designed by Simca , the French division of Chrysler Europe , and introduced in summer In France it was initially sold under the Simca brand, whilst elsewhere in Europe it was initially badged as a Chrysler.

    Born largely out of the need to replace the ageing Simca in France, the Horizon was essentially a shortened version of the larger Alpine model, giving the vehicle an unusually wide track for its length. The SX version which joined the range for the Paris Motor Show , in October , attracted much interest on account of its innovative trip computer. The Horizon was voted European Car of the Year in The Simca remained in production in France till being sold for a time as a low cost alternative to the Horizon, but the two cars competed in virtually the same segment and the older car, its model range drastically reduced, saw its sales plummet.

    On the British market, the rear-wheel drive Avenger saloons and estates remained in production alongside it, giving British buyers a full choice of bodystyles in a market where hatchbacks still only accounted for a minority of sales. It did not officially replace any of the British Chryslers, despite being a similar size to the traditional rear-wheel drive Avenger saloon and estates which had been on sale since and did not finish production until They also featured larger reinforced aluminum bumpers to comply with stricter US safety legislation.

    This engine, at low boost 7. The car carried over into unchanged aside from the addition of a hatch-mounted third tail light, and production was then stopped. Some of these cars had successful careers in racing venues such as Auto-X, road and endurance racing, and pro rallying. Subsequent to the collapse of Chrysler Europe in and its sale to Peugeot, the Horizon was rebadged as a Talbot in In , the revisited models were introduced with minor improvements. The unrefined ohv engines which had been carried over from the Simca were largely to blame, while body corrosion was a serious issue, at least until Series II, giving many cars a short service life.

    The series two Horizon launched in July had a 5 speed gearbox, and badged series II 5 speed. The bumpers were painted black and the rear windscreen was smaller, because the parcel shelf was raised to increase the size of the boot. Fewer paint colours were available and fewer models. Many of the late cars, which were built between and , were painted in an un-sympathetic pale green or cream. Horizons had initially been available in more adventurous colours including orange, but many of these colours had gone out of fashion after the s.

    A Talbot Horizon turbo concept car was produced in with a full cream leather interior and sporty body kit, the car was designed at Whitley , Coventry. The Turbo Horizon is very different from those models once seen out on the street and is kept at Coventry Transport Museum , Coventry England. Due to corrosion problems there are few left, Horizon is now a rare sight with possibly less than surviving examples in the UK.

    It was also manufactured in Finland and in Spain by Saab — Valmet from onwards. The Saab-Valmet factory also made a series of 2, cars that ran on kerosene or turpentine. The Horizon was produced in France and also Britain where production had begun in the s until June , and in Spain and Finland until Its successor was the Peugeot , a car developed in the UK and launched towards the end of , originally destined to be sold as the Talbot Arizona.

    However, the North American version of the car continued to be produced until All UK diesel Horizons were made in Spain. The Horizon was not the first diesel in the Talbot family of cars with the Chrysler in Spain being powered by diesel. The Peugeot made use some of the Horizon range of Simca based engines for most of its production life, until replaced with the more modern Peugeot TU engine in In Britain, it was seen as a modern alternative to the existing Rootes-designed Avenger models, offering buyers a front-wheel drive hatchback alongside the rear-wheel drive saloons and estates.

    The Avenger was produced alongside it until , by which time the company had come under Peugeot ownership and no new models were launched to replace it, as the front-wheel drive hatchback style was becoming more popular and Peugeot already had the similar-sized saloon and estates in production. UK sales of the Horizon which went on sale there in early and was badged as a Chrysler until 1 August , when it became a Talbot were initially quite strong, but by it was starting to lose sales in a segment dominated by an increasing number of newer models including the Ford Escort Mark III, Vauxhall Astra and Austin Metro.

    Foreign models like the Volkswagen Golf , Renault Super 5 , and Datsun Sunny were also proving popular in the early s. The continued the Simca heritage by using Simca-derived engines in its smaller models. Most models were available with 4 or 5-speed gearboxes, which were initially a carry-over of the Simca gearbox, and then later the PSA BE gearbox. Automatic transmission was available on most models, and was standard equipment on the SX model.

    The Hillman Minx is a series of middle -sized family cars produced under the Hillman marque by the Rootes Group There have been many versions of the Minx over the years, as well as various badge-engineered versions sold under the Humber , Singer , and Sunbeam marques. Generally, the Minx was available in four-door saloon and estate forms, with a cc engine. The Hillman Super Minx was a slightly larger model offered during the Audax era. Throughout the life of the Minx, there was usually an estate version; and, from to , there was also a short-wheelbase estate, the Hillman Husky , and a van derivative known as the Commer Cob.

    It was upgraded with a four-speed transmission in and a styling upgrade, most noticeably a slightly V-shaped grille. For , synchromesh was added but the range was otherwise similar.

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    The model got a new name, the Minx Magnificent, and a restyle with much more rounded body. The chassis was stiffened and the engine moved forwards to give more passenger room. A Commer-badged estate car was added to the range. The final pre-war model was the Minx.

    There were no more factory-built tourers but some were made by Carbodies. The car was visually similar to the Magnificent, with a different grille, and access to the luggage boot trunk was external that on the predecessor was accessed by folding down the rear seat. The De Luxe model had leather trim, opening quarterlights, extra trim pads, and various other comfort benefits. The model was not the final iteration before the outbreak of war, however, as the model was considerably different mechanically, with virtually the entire drivetrain improved to the extent that few parts are interchangeable with the model.

    This includes gearbox, differential, half shafts, steering box, and a great many other mechanical and cosmetic changes. Even the front grille, which to the casual eye looks almost identical to the model, became a pressed alloy component rather than a composite. For Hillman it was the Hillman 10HP, a Minx chassis with two-person cab and covered load area behind. The basic saloon was also produced for military and essential civilian use from to The Minx sold between and had the same cc side-valve engine, the same wheelbase and virtually the same shape as the prewar Minx.

    Between and a modified version, known as the Minx Mark II was offered. Beneath the metal, however, and apart from updated front suspension, little had changed: Further minor facelifts followed. The wheelbase and overall length of the car remained the same as those of the four-door saloon and convertible permutations. The reviews of the vehicle in the US were lukewarm. The car went through a series of annual face lifts each given a Series number, replacing the Mark number used on the previous Minxes; there was no Series IV. A variety of manual transmissions , with column or floor change, and automatic transmissions were offered.

    There were Singer Gazelle and Sunbeam Rapier variants of all these Hillman Minx models, and the names were again used on derivatives in the later Rootes Arrow range. Some models were re-badged in certain markets, with the Sunbeam and Humber marques used for some exports. Although the 90 was identical to the Super Minx, the cheaper 80 could be spotted by a horizontal bar grille design. The Humber 80 was acknowledged in the s Roger Hall play Prisoners of Mother England , in which a newly arrived immigrant in New Zealand spots one and exclaims: In Australia, the first of the series V vehicles fitted with all-synchro gearboxes was known locally as the series Va.

    This little-known fact is rarely referenced within Australia and virtually unknown elsewhere. Isuzu produced their own unique estate car version, the Isuzu Hillman Express, from to Hillman Minx Series V. The almost identical Series VI lost the bumper over-riders but featured the larger Rootes cc engine. It was a reduced specification version of the Hillman Hunter.

    It is amongst the last Rootes designs, developed with no influence from future owner Chrysler. The range is sometimes referred to by the name of the most prolific model, the Hillman Hunter. A substantial number of separate marque and model names applied to this single car platform. The models sold — not all concurrently — were, alphabetically by marque:. In its year production run, its UK market contemporaries included the Ford Cortina , Morris Marina and Vauxhall Victor , although model positioning within the range meant competition with some larger cars as well, including the Austin The Arrow range extended to several body styles: Depending on the model, they had two doors or four doors.

    The Arrow range was conceived in Following the Hillman Imp , consideration was given to developing a larger rear-engined car , but this concept was dismissed, and the engineering settled on for the new car was more conventional and closer to the layout of the existing Audax series which included the previous Hillman Minx. With cash-strapped Rootes struggling amid continuing engine cooling problems with the Imp, which often resulted in warped cylinder heads, the cautious Arrow broke little new engineering ground. The engine was inclined by a modest 15 degrees, to allow for a lower bonnet line and to enable packaging of the carburettors.

    Particular attention was paid to weight and cost to bring the vehicle in line with its natural competitors, including the Mark 2 Ford Cortina. For the first time in a Rootes car MacPherson strut suspension featured at the front, with a conventional live axle mounted on leaf springs at the rear.

    Other firsts for Rootes in the new car were curved side glass and flow-through ventilation. Manual transmissions were available in four-speed form with an optional Laycock de Normanville overdrive , or Borg-Warner automatic transmission, again as an option. Initially, the Borg Warner Type 35 3-speed automatic was offered, then the Type 45 four-speed automatic became available in For the first two years there were few changes.

    However, in May power assisted brakes were made available as a factory fitted option. Hitherto this possibility had been offered only as a kit for retro-fitting: A mild facelift in gave new grilles to the various Hunter trim levels, and some derivatives gained a then more fashionable dashboard, exchanging wood for plastic, but the car remained fundamentally the same throughout its life. A more detailed facelift for brought a new all-plastic dashboard with deeply hooded round dials earlier versions had either a strip speedometer or round dials in a flat dashboard for more expensive models like the Vogue , new steering wheel, plastic instead of metal air cleaner, reshaped squarer headlamps in a new grille and some engine tuning changes.

    For , bumpers were enlarged and the tail lights were enclosed in a full-width anodised aluminium trim piece. Following the acquisition of Rootes by Chrysler , the Arrow derivatives were rationalised until only the Hillman Hunter version was left by From September it was re-badged as a Chrysler, which it was to be for the remaining 2 years of its life. Sales were lower after following the launch of the Chrysler Alpine , a similar sized car but with front-wheel drive and a hatchback bodystyle, at a time when rear-wheel drive saloons still dominated in this sector. In the Museum sold the car to a private collector.

    As Rootes looked to rationalise the number of platforms and the total engineering cost of their vehicle line-up during the s, they kept alive the many names of the companies they had purchased to maintain product differentation out in the market place. The first models, launched on the domestic market in October with a cc engine, were given the Hillman Hunter name with the respected name Hillman Minx for the cheaper cc version , following in January It came with a one piece tailgate which was much cheaper to produce than the horizontally split two piece tailgate featured on the car it replaced , but the change nevertheless drew some unfavourable press comment.

    The range was soon simplified with trim levels and varying engine specifications: Above that were the Hunter Super and Hunter GL, both with the higher specification alloy headed engine and two different trim levels. This was largely based on the Hunter Super and equipped with overdrive, radio, vinyl roof, Rostyle wheels and a special half cloth upholstery as standard.

    This car was only available in a unique metallic bronze paint finish. The price was less than that of the standard Hunter Super when fitted with the optional overdrive. Nevertheless, the need to compete on price was evidenced with the announcement of the Singer Vogue estate car. The Singers were short-lived models, retired early in along with the rest of the Singer range.

    Briefly following the retirement of the Singer brand, and throughout the model life for principal export markets, the Singer Vogue was badged as a Sunbeam. The Sunbeam Arrow name was used in North America. The Sunbeam Vogue was also available in the home British market for a short period after the Singer marque was retired in The manual-gearbox model featured either the D-type or the later J-type Laycock De Normanville overdrive , with the J-type fitted from chassis numbers L3 onwards starting in July As with all Arrows, an automatic gearbox was an option.