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Marlene und ihre heiße Tochter Nicky benehmen sich im Urlaub wie zwei arrogante, Mutter und Tochter in Afrika auf den Strich geschickt (German Edition).
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  • Managing Development and Application of Digital Technologies: Research Insights in the Munich Center for Digital Technology and Management (CDTM);
  • Whisper me to hell.
  • The Prospects of International Trade Regulation.
  • Die Berliner Orgie by Thomas Brussig.
  • The Fair Trade InstitutePublications - The Fair Trade Institute!

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View or edit your browsing history. Get to Know Us. English Choose a language for shopping. Not Enabled Word Wise: Not Enabled Screen Reader: These measures could result in less trade, to the detriment of Norwegian consumers and Italian producers, given that the typical agri-food production sector is one of the pillars of employment in Italy and its regions. Can the Commission state, in order to safeguard jobs and production in the European agri-food sector:.

In the Commission's view the measures are contrary to the objectives of Article. The Commisison is considering what can be done bilaterally to counter this policy change and will also take it into account in other areas of our relations with Norway. All other EU agricultural products, for which full liberalisation is not granted, are subject to duties upon entry to Norway. Sicurezza alimentare in Cina — Nuovi casi di latte in polvere alterato.

Come intende agire al fine di aumentare il livello di sicurezza del latte in polvere prodotto e commercializzato all'interno dell'Unione europea? Non si registrano problematiche in tema di sicurezza alimentare per quanto concerne il latte in polvere prodotto e venduto nell'UE e pertanto un ulteriore miglioramento della sua sicurezza non figura sull'agenda della Commissione. Over half the companies producing milk powder in China have been closed down or seized because they did not observe minimum food safety standards.

The first case to come to light was recorded in the eastern province of Anhui, where a milk-powder producer was selling milk containing just 0. Miglioramento del livello di istruzione scolastica — Il caso indiano. Considerando che, quando l'imprenditore ha dato avvio al progetto, gli studi nel settore dell'informatica rappresentavano un lusso cui pochi giovani potevano accedere;. L'attuale programma Erasmus Mundus interessa i paesi terzi, con capitoli specifici per i paesi emergenti.

Altri strumenti vengono usati per condurre il dialogo politico con i paesi emergenti. Con la Cina la cooperazione si sta espandendo grazie alla costituzione di una piattaforma multidimensionale nell'ambito dell'istruzione superiore. When the company started the project, studying IT was a luxury that few young people had access to.

Does the Commission plan to support projects to improve and promote education in the Member States and cooperation projects with emerging countries, and if so, how? Other tools are used for policy dialogue with emerging countries. For instance, in India, a senior officials meeting looked into aspects of quality assurance and transparency tools building on the support provided for the implementation of national programmes for universal elementary education and access to quality secondary education.

With China, cooperation is expanding via the establishment of a multi-dimensional platform in higher education. A joint study was undertaken with Brazil and cooperation has been enhanced with South Africa. It will support two-way mobility for staff and students through credit mobility and joint degrees. It will modernise curriculum, governance and functioning of higher education as well as strengthen links with the societal and economic environment through capacity building partnerships.

Policy dialogue will contribute to the modernisation and the internationalisation of higher education.

Negli ultimi trent'anni, diversi gruppi estremistici hanno spesso accusato la minoranza cristiana di compiere opera di proselitismo e di conversione e tali proteste, organizzate nei pressi del sito di edificazione delle chiese da islamici spesso non residenti, sono volte a ottenere la revoca dei permessi di costruzione. La delegazione dell'UE a Giacarta sta seguendo da vicino la situazione delle minoranze religiose, inclusa quella cristiana, in Indonesia. At the beginning of July it was reported that hundreds of Muslim demonstrators had taken to the streets in Jakarta to protest against the construction of a Catholic church in the Indonesian province of West Java.

The EU Delegation in Jakarta is following closely the situation of religious minorities, including Christains, in Indonesia. Initiatives currently ongoing aim, among others, at promoting tolerance and interfaith dialogue as well as at strenghtening the capacity of religious minorities and human rights defenders to protect their rights and to monitor and document human rights violations, to improve accountabilty.

Other activities under EIDHR also aim at enhancing human rights understanding of judges to encourage application of human rights standards in the adjudications of cases related to religious freedom. Modifiche legislative ispirate alla sharia: I membri del Fronte di difesa islamico Fpi stabiliscono da tempo regole ispirate alla legge musulmana sul territorio di propria competenza e queste regole non hanno nulla a che fare con la normativa ufficiale.

Furthermore, members of this group have carried out several attacks, including in the past, against shops and kiosks that sell alcohol. The EU Delegation in Jakarta is aware of issues over the implementation of Sharia law in Aceh as well as Sharia inspired regulations in certain districts but not by the Government of Jakarta.

The protection of EU tourists is primarily a consular issue and the responsibility of the individual Member States concerned. In general terms, protection of freedom of expression or belief is a regular topic at the EU-Indonesia Human Rights Dialogue. Problema della fame e della malnutrizione in India. Il decreto appena citato mira a riconoscere il diritto a nutrirsi quale diritto legale di ogni individuo, e comporterebbe la distribuzione obbligatoria a ciascun indigente di 5 kg.

Si sottolinea come il progetto di legge rischi di sfumare a causa dei suoi costi, giudicati troppo alti — 22 miliardi di euro nel bilancio di un Paese che mira a ridurre il proprio deficit. La Commissione ha adottato una serie di provvedimenti per essere in primo piano nella lotta alla malnutrizione a livello mondiale. Tuttavia, le questioni alimentari e nutrizionali sono spesso affrontate nel contesto dei programmi su linee di bilancio tematiche.

Ulteriori progetti incentrati sulla sicurezza alimentare sono stati finanziati nell'ambito del programma EIDHR. The Commission has taken a number of steps to place itself at the forefront of global efforts to reduce undernutrition. However, in the context of the thematic budget line programmes, food and nutrition issues are often addressed. It may be recalled that, over the period, the Commission has provided substantial financial support to the Government of India in the education and health sectors.

As part of the Joint Review Missions, the issue of nutrition has been regularly discussed because appropriate nutrition critically impacts both education and health. The Commission currently supports 10 civil society projects which directly address household and community level food security, primarily focusing on agriculture production systems supporting marginalized, poor farmers in dry land areas. The Commission also includes measures to address or prevent malnutrition among its priorities when providing humanitarian assistance after disasters in India.

Impiego di condannati ai lavori forzati in distretti industriali nord-coreani. Il caso di Kaesong. La Commissione plaude al fatto che i due paesi abbiano recentemente concordato le condizioni per far ripartire il lavoro nel suddetto complesso e l'UE intrattiene regolarmente consultazioni con la Corea del Sud sugli ultimi aggiornamenti della situazione. La Commissione condanna a chiare lettere la situazione attuale ed reagisce di conseguenza. Per ulteriori informazioni nel merito la Commissione rinvia alla propria risposta all'interrogazione scritta.

Even though Kaesong is in North Korea, it was originally intended to provide jobs for workers from South Korea, based on bilateral agreements between the two countries. The North Korean economy, which is largely based on a nuclear programme shunned by the international community, is experiencing difficulties due in part to the embargo imposed by the United Nations and the monetary policy of its late leader Kim Jong-il. The Commission is well aware of the present situation in the Kaesong complex. The industrial park has previously played an important role in promoting peaceful cooperation between North and South Korea, and therefore the Commission regrets that operations on the site have been suspended since April.

The Commission is very concerned by the issue of labour camps, and indeed by the severe violations of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights in North Korea. The Commission unequivocally condemns the present situation and has responded accordingly. It expresses its deep concerns to North Korean representatives at every possible opportunity.

In particular, there are serious concerns about the US Government using a huge amount of confidential information that has been misappropriated.

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Improper use of such data could therefore result in industrial espionage with serious repercussions on the smooth operation of transatlantic trade relations and the competitiveness of European companies. Il 13 maggio scorso Altroconsumo, l'associazione italiana per la tutela e difesa dei consumatori, ha lanciato un allarme: Secondo l'indagine, la maggior parte degli operatori viene meno agli obblighi verso i clienti: Pur non attendendo ai requisiti imposti dalla legge e operando quindi in modo abusivo, moltissimi gestori assumono le funzioni e le competenze commerciali proprie di un operatore professionale.

Ritiene utile un intervento normativo a livello dell'Unione che specifichi altri requisiti, ad esempio il divieto di pagamento in contanti o il superamento di un esame di abilitazione, al fine di regolamentare ulteriormente tali esercizi? According to the investigation, most of these traders do not meet their obligations towards customers: Although they do not comply with the legal requirements and therefore operate illegally, a high number of cash-for-gold traders assume the functions and business skills of a professional trader.

The directive would, however, apply to cases where a link can be established between the purchase of the product by the trader from a consumer and the promotion, sale or supply of a product to a consumer, such as in the car sector where it is common for traders to purchase a used vehicle in return for the consumer buying a vehicle from the trader. The solution would be rather for the Member State to introduce stricter controls over the gold purchase business, especially where the relevant legislation exists, as seems to be the case in Italy.

De Verenigde Naties, de Europese Unie en de Verenigde Staten hebben meerdere malen aangedrongen op eerlijke en vrije verkiezingen in Cambodja. Een van de voorwaarden is dat oppositieleider Sam Rainsy als kandidaat kan deelnemen aan de verkiezingen. Dit is echter niet het geval: Rainsy is beroofd van zijn politieke en burgerlijke rechten, hij verblijft momenteel in ballingschap en hij riskeert een gevangenisstraf indien hij terugkeert naar Cambodja. Ondanks de tegenwerking van de Cambodjaanse autoriteiten, is Rainsy van plan om terug te keren naar Cambodja en zich verkiesbaar te stellen.

Zijn partij heeft de uitslag van de verkiezingen verworpen en heeft opgeroepen tot een onderzoek naar vermeende fraude. De EU volgt de situatie in het land nauwlettend. De EU-delegatie in Phnom Penh heeft regelmatig contact met zowel oppositieleiders als met vertegenwoordigers van de regering om ervoor te zorgen dat geschillen op democratische en vreedzame wijze worden opgelost. The United Nations, the European Union and the United States have several times urged that free and fair elections be held there.

One of the conditions is that opposition leader Sam Rainsy should be allowed to stand as a candidate in the elections. However, he will be unable to do so. He has been deprived of his political and civil rights, is currently in exile and runs the risk of imprisonment if he returns to Cambodia. Despite the obstructionism of the Cambodian authorities, Rainsy intends to return to Cambodia and stand for election. His party has refused the results of the elections and has called for an investigation on fraud allegations. The EU is closely following the situation in the country.

The EU Delegation in Phnom Penh has been in regular contacts with the opposition leaders, as well as with representatives from the government to ensure disputes are settled in a democratic and peaceful spirit. Herinvoeren visumplicht westelijke Balkan. Deelt u de breedgedragen mening dat de noodzaak tot herinvoering van de visumplicht duidelijk aangeeft dat er met betrekking tot het afschaffen ervan destijds overhaast gehandeld is?

Deelt u de mening dat onmiddellijk moet worden overgegaan tot herinvoering van de visumplicht voor westelijke Balkanlanden en dat deze een permanente status dient te krijgen? Deze hervormingen hebben geleid tot een veilige omgeving voor visumvrij reizen. In reactie op een grote toename van het aantal asielverzoeken in heeft de Commissie een mechanisme voor monitoring na visumliberalisering opgezet, dat de van visumplicht vrijgestelde staten onmiddellijke maatregelen heeft aanbevolen om het misbruik van de asielprocedures aan te pakken.

De betrokken landen hebben het merendeel van de aanbevelingen van de Commissie uitgevoerd. Deze wijziging zal naar verwachting in het najaar van door de medewetgevers worden aangenomen. Overeenkomstig de aan te nemen tekst zouden de lidstaten het opschortingsmechanisme in werking kunnen stellen wanneer aan bepaalde door de medewetgevers gestelde voorwaarden is voldaan. Does the Commission agree with the widely held view that the need to reimpose the visa requirement clearly indicates that the requirement was abolished too hastily?

Does the Commission agree that various Member States are being inconvenienced in various ways by the flood of asylum applications from the western Balkans and that therefore, in accordance with subsidiarity, the power to reintroduce the visa requirement — whether for a limited period or indefinitely — should lie with the Member States and not with the Commission? Does the Commission agree that the visa requirement should immediately be reimposed for the Western Balkan countries and that it should be assigned permanent status?

The visa obligation was lifted for the citizens of Serbia, Montenegro, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina at the end of country-specific visa liberalisation dialogues that required reforms in areas as wide-ranging as readmission, reintegration, document security, border management, migration and asylum, the fight against organised crime and corruption and fundamental rights related to the freedom of movement.

These reforms have created a secure environment for visa-free travel. In response to a surge in asylum applications in , the Commission set up a post-visa liberalisation monitoring mechanism that recommended immediate measures for the visa-free states to address abuses of asylum procedures. This amendment is expected to be adopted by the co-legislators in the autumn of According to the text to be adopted, the suspension mechanism may be triggered by the Member States if certain conditions set by the co-legislators are met.

However, it will be for the Commission, under implementing powers and thus assisted by a committee composed of Member States' experts, to adopt a measure temporarily suspending the visa waiver for a third country after an examination of all relevant elements including,. In maart lanceerde de Europese Commissie een openbare raadpleging die hiermee verband houdt: Public Consultation on a possible EU initiative on responsible sourcing of minerals originating from conflict-affected and high-risk areas.

Zo is er de moeilijke positie van kmo's in de mijnbouwsector in het hele proces. Uit de eerste resultaten blijkt dat een groot percentage van de respondenten interesse toont in de verantwoorde winning uit conflictgebieden en het vraagstuk belangrijk vindt. Uit de algemene boodschap blijkt bovendien dat de Commissie voor een samenhangende benadering zou kunnen kiezen die het wereldwijde karakter van complexe toeleveringsketens erkent en steunt op een internationaal kader zoals uiteengezet in de zorgvuldigheidsrichtsnoeren van de OESO voor verantwoorde toeleveringsketens van mineralen uit risicovolle en conflictgebieden.

Wat de vraag over kmo's in de mijnbouwsector en kleinschalige mijnwerkers betreft, is de Commissie op de hoogte van de netelige positie waarin zij verkeren en zij hecht belang aan het voorkomen van eventuele nadelige gevolgen voor deze exploitanten. Daarom zal de analyse van antwoorden op vragen over deze aspecten die in de openbare raadpleging waren opgenomen een bepalende rol spelen bij het verder uitwerken van het standpunt dat de Commissie in haar aanstaande initiatief zal innemen.

De volledige analyse van deze resultaten is momenteel gaande en wordt in principe in de herfst beschikbaar gesteld. For example, the position of SMEs operating in the mining sector at whatever stage of the process is a difficult one. The Commission received a relatively high number of responses — close to — from a wide range of stakeholders including business, NGOs and citizens. Preliminary results indicate that a high percentage of respondents are interested in responsible sourcing from conflict-areas and believe the issue is important.

Moreover, the overall message indicates that the Commission could take a consistent approach recognising the global nature of complex supply chains and relying on an international framework as set out in the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for responsible supply chains of minerals from conflict-affected and high-risk areas. As regards the question on SMEs in the mining sector and small scale miners on the ground, the Commission is aware of the sensitivity of their positions and is keen on avoiding any undue negative consequence on those operators.

To this end, the analysis of replies to questions on these aspects that were included in the public consultation will be instrumental in further shaping the Commission's position in its upcoming initiative. The full analysis of these results is currently underway and should be made available in the autumn. Invoertarieven duurzaam geproduceerde palmolie en grondstoffen. Acht de Commissie het gewenst om de productie en het gebruik van duurzaam geproduceerde grondstoffen te bevorderen middels een preferentieel invoertarief?

Bij de vaststelling van de tarieven voor palmolie is overeenkomstig de behandeling van goederen in het EU-douanewetboek rekening gehouden met verschillende aspecten van menselijke consumptie of industrieel gebruik. De Commissie is van mening dat de verschuiving op de markt naar duurzame producten een bijdrage kan leveren aan het beperken van de impact van consumptie op het milieu en de samenleving.

Daarom neemt zij verschillende initiatieven om duurzame productie en consumptie van goederen aan te moedigen. De Commissie acht tariefdifferentiatie op basis van de certificering door particuliere regelingen, met name uit het oogpunt van doeltreffendheid, juridische haalbaarheid en praktische handhaving, hiervoor geen geschikt middel. Daarom heeft de Commissie momenteel geen plannen om beleid te ontwikkelen waarbij de particuliere duurzaamheidsregelingen worden gekoppeld aan handelspreferenties voor palmolie of grondstoffen.

Can the Commission state what the reason behind the current tariff differentiation is? Does the Commission consider it desirable to promote the production and use of sustainably produced raw materials through a preferential import tariff? EU import duties are the result of a decades-long ongoing liberalisation effort, and are determined through a process taking into account a comprehensive set of elements. The Commission considers that the shift in the market place towards sustainable products has a role to play in contributing to reducing the environmental and social impact of consumption.

In this framework, it undertakes different initiatives to encourage the production and consumption of goods responding to sustainability concerns. The Commission does not consider tariff differentiation on the basis of certification by private schemes to be an appropriate tool to this end, in particular with a view to efficiency, legal feasibility, and practical enforceability. Therefore, the Commission currently has no plans to develop a policy linking private sustainability schemes to trade preferences for palm oil or raw materials.

Weet u wat het percentage is van de bestrijdingsmiddelen die tijdelijk verboden zijn dat daadwerkelijk onder het moratorium valt in de gehele EU? Kan de Commissie haar standpunt toelichten wat betreft het advies van het CLM om de verbruiksgegevens van de bestrijdingsmiddelen openbaar te maken?

De eerste gegevens over het agrarisch gebruik van pesticiden die vallen onder Verordening EG nr. Derhalve kan nog geen conclusie met betrekking tot deze gegevens worden getrokken. De uitkomst van die evaluatie kan erin bestaan dat de maatregelen worden versoepeld, maar ook dat verdere beperkingen worden opgelegd. In dit stadium valt niet te zeggen wat de uitkomst zal zijn. Overeenkomstig Verordening EG nr. De lidstaten zijn evenwel verplicht niet-vertrouwelijke gegevens over pesticiden te publiceren. The CLM has analysed in what crops, applications and amounts these three neonicotinoids are being used in the Netherlands and which part of this falls under the moratorium.

Do you know what percentage of the pesticides that are temporarily banned actually falls under the moratorium across the EU? If so, what is that percentage and is it also available broken down by Member State? If so, could you provide me with an overview? If so, could you explain to me how? Hence no conclusion on this data can yet be drawn. However, as far as the measures at issue are concerned, the Commission is committed to review those measures based on new data specific to the three neonicotinoids at issue submitted by Member States, industry and other relevant stakeholders.

The review might lead to a relaxation of the measures, or to further restrictions. At this stage it is not possible to envisage the final outcome of the process. However, Member States are required to publish pesticide data that are not confidential. Plany uruchomienia unijnego portalu prasowego. Information which has emerged concerning plans being made by the Commission to launch an EU-funded news website has caused concern among journalists.

Protests have been registered, amongst others, by the International Press Association, which is based in Brussels. Controversy is being caused by the idea itself, which has been described as interference in the independence of the media, and also by the high cost of the project.

Is the Commission able to confirm its intention to launch its own news website, and what stage has this project reached? What is expected to be the real cost of launching the website and what will be the annual costs of its operation? What is the aim of creating a new website in a situation in which the European website presseurop. Does this not bear the hallmarks of an unnecessary and expensive duplication of effort? In the context of the announced budgetary restrictions for the next Multiannual Financial Framework period, the Commission has decided to cancel the call for tender for an Online Media on EU Affairs.

This signals the end of Nabucco, a pipeline which has, for years, been seen as a flagship European Union project for diversifying supplies of natural gas. Nabucco recently Nabucco West was to have been a realistic alternative for the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, releasing countries such as Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary from dependence on supplies from Russia. Connections between supply systems were also to have allowed delivery to Poland.

The project therefore had huge strategic advantages. However, departure from this plan is equivalent to strengthening the hand of energy supplies from Russia. The Nabucco fiasco has therefore exposed the weakness and ineffectiveness of EU foreign policy. Will any efforts be made to achieve a significant improvement in this area and, if so, what action will be taken?

The Commission has no reason to protest this decision made between two commercial entities. Indeed, eventually both routes will be needed, independently of which one comes first. The opening of the European route should also directly benefit Member States in central and eastern Europe that are not directly concerned by the selected pipeline.

The Commission has been working for a long time on making sure that, independently of the initially chosen route, eventually no Member State remains dependent on a single supplier of gas. This can be achieved notably through the completion of the energy internal market, through ensuring bi-directional gas flows and the construction of the necessary interconnectors. Meanwhile, overall control of the project is going to be subject to negotiations between Moscow and Brussels which — in view of the recent termination of the Nabucco project — find the Kremlin in a privileged position.

What is the time frame planned for commencement and completion of work related to construction of the Bulgarian section of the pipeline, and will this work be done under the supervision of the Commission? What action will be taken by the European institutions to strengthen it? South Stream is promoted by Gazprom and its co-investors. The Commission does not have any strategy for this project. As for any transmission project, the Commission will ensure that South Stream is developed and operated in line with EU legislation.

This is in particular the internal energy market legislation, including provisions on non-discriminatory access to capacity for competing suppliers. The Commission would welcome the inclusion of other potential exporters of gas from Russia as shippers or developers of the project. In the absence of any information on South Stream financing it is not possible to assess its effects on the Bulgarian economy. However, any government support — if given — should comply with the state aid rules.

Projects of this nature should only attract public funding if there are overriding public benefits. The Commission has not been informed of any significant public benefit arising from this project. The series of droughts which have affected the southern part of Europe in particular have caused serious losses in European agriculture. This technology is being used successfully in Poland, and successful experiments using these vaccines have also been carried out recently at experimental plantations in Spain and Croatia.

It is to be hoped that the use of mycorrhizal technology on a wider scale can result in significant reductions in the losses caused by droughts and that it can also lead to an increase in the quantity and quality of crops. Does the Commission have any knowledge of the beneficial effects of mycorrhizal technology in Poland? Is it planning any action to support this technology and make it more widely available in Europe, or at least to support research into the development of this technology? The Commission is aware of the experiments in Poland concerning the use of mycorrhizal fungi in nutrient and water acquisition.

The beneficial effect of mycorrhizal fungi has also been reported several times in the scientific literature. Emphasis is also put on unravelling the contribution of mycorrhizal fungi to plant performance under stress conditions, and the use of the potential mycorrhizal effectiveness as a tool for breeding.

This will concern in particular research and innovation geared towards coping with droughts and other extreme events.

Ordo Templi Orientis

Preliminary data from the consultations show that a variety of different opinions have been expressed on the subject. In view of the negligible public response in the majority of the Member States, is the Commission planning to undertake more extensive consultations? This public consultation is part of a broader consultation process designed to involve interested individuals and stakeholders in the Commission's ongoing work and addresses the opportunities as well as the risks of unconventional fossil fuels such as shale gas.

While all EU citizens are invited to contribute to the consultation, it is expected that submissions come primarily from countries with shale gas resources and where a public debate on the subject is ongoing. Responses to public consultation — including those submitted by individual citizens — will serve as one of the inputs to the Commission's work on impact assessment. However, many other inputs are used for the impact assessment work: Consultation results will be presented both in unweighted form and weighted form, taking into account the population of different Member States, the representativeness of respondents, their expertise or their public responsibility.

The floods of recent weeks that seriously affected Central and Eastern Europe, and the cross-border nature of climate change-driven disasters, provide clear evidence for the need for coordinated action at EU level. Unfortunately however, there are a number of shortcomings with regard to disaster response management. The European Union Solidarity Fund was created following the serious flooding of , precisely to support the victims of similar challenges. Regrettably, this instrument of community solidarity cannot now fulfil its mission due to budget deadlock, which was caused, amongst other things, by some Member States opposing the topping up of the Solidarity Fund.

Europe is prone to major floods. Since , we have had the Community Mechanism for Civil Protection and the aforementioned EU Solidarity Fund, but it is evident that the frequency and intensity of disasters represent an increased need for assistance, requiring greater coordination and efficiency. EU capacity for managing natural disasters must include an early warning prevention and evacuation system in the event of danger, and an emergency response centre to coordinate interventions.

The legal basis of the Solidarity Fund is different from that for humanitarian aid as it is financed with appropriations raised over and above the normal EU budget on a case by case basis. This way of financing the Solidarity Fund has just been confirmed in the financial framework for and the accompanying Interinstitutional Agreement.

What measures does the Commission envisage to stimulate the creation of jobs, the improvement of workers' skills and a closer correlation of qualifications with the needs of the labour market? The Package proposed to step up job creation across the economy by: The Youth Guarantee comprises both measures that enhance skills levels for example second-chance education programmes or skills training , and that increase the number of available jobs e.

It counts 35 staff members: Line Managers and employment officers of decentralised offices have received information and training on EURES, there are complementary front office support to provide basic information on mobility and transnational recruitment services to jobseekers and employers. In over 40 training actions were delivered to more than members approx. Decentralised activities are being carried out with annual European Job Days organised in different cities such as Coimbra, Porto Braga and Aveiro.

The starting point for this second programme is the realisation that none of the problems the current programme aimed to resolve has actually been resolved. In fact the opposite is true, things have got worse and it is widely acknowledged that the country is unlikely to return to said financial markets without usurious and prohibitive interest rates being imposed.

What are the results to date of the assessment mentioned by the Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs? When does the Commission expect to have completed this assessment? As a general principle, the Commission does not comment press reports, particularly when these are based on rumours or quotes by anonymous sources, as it is the case here. The question of how Portugal can ensure a smooth exit from the current programme has been discussed between the Portuguese authorities and its international partners for some time.

Unfortunately, the recent political crisis has meant a setback in this regard, as markets reacted negatively to the risks for the indispensable cohesion in the government. However, following the confirmation of the reshuffled government by the Portuguese President and the presentation of the two-year programme, there is evidence that calm is gradually returning to markets, so that Portugal, in cooperation with its international partners, can continue working on the agreed strategy that will allow the economy to return to solid and sustainable growth.

There are a number of options that can be envisaged for post-programme arrangements. Although it is premature to speculate which scheme will be the most suitable for Portugal, at the present stage it seems likely that Portugal may require some kind of backstop to faciliate its return to markets. The tools available are well known.

Both types of programmes come with some form of conditionality which would, however, not be very different from post-programme surveillance that will apply to Portugal in any case in accordance with the provisions of the Two-Pack. Considering the experience of working with the previous fund, we were told that one of the biggest problems was the difficulty of organising food distribution as a huge amount of effort is required to mobilise substantial financial, human and technical resources.

Given that future regulations governing the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived are still being drafted and discussed, how will the Commission simplify the food distribution process? The Malian authorities and the international community agreed to provide high-level follow-up to the Brussels conference via meetings of representatives of the capitals at headquarters, held alternately in Bamako and outside Mali, and involving non-governmental stakeholders. The EU, France and Mali as co-chairs of the high level conference are determined to take swiftly initiatives on this follow-up.

To that effect, the idea was raised to establish a specific follow-up mechanism which will meet regularly at capitals' level as a complement to the existing local platform for donors' coordination. While the transition Government was not in a position to launch this process, it is expected that the newly elected President and his administration will take full ownership of this process and call for the establishment of such follow-up mechanism.

EU diplomats will keep consulting closely with Malian authorities on this issue as part of their political dialogue. The EU pays specific attention to the reestablishment of State authority and basic services throughout the country. In the centre and the north of Mali more particularly, an important proportion of EU support is delivered with the objective to stabilise the country and link relief, rehabilitation and development. It advises and assists Authorities in the implementation of the security dimension of their Strategy for Security and Development as well as supports the development of regional and international coordination in the fight against terrorism and organised crime.

In its initial months mission's capacity to provide support was not fully exploited due to insufficient Nigerien ownership, equipment, material and infrastructure shortfalls. However, now, some positive results exist and increased buy-in from the Nigerian authorities is also noticeable through the establishment of an inter-ministerial committee in charge of implementation. Actions under the IfS work alongside these missions in developing long term local capacities.

Further to this annoucement, no official detailed roadmap for the electoral process has been made public yet. The roadmap is being currently discussed among transitional authorities, National Electoral Commission and political parties. Discussions are also held with and within the Parliament, as a number of modifications of the Electoral Law might be necessary to take into account the electoral registration system chosen improved manual registration versus biometric registration.

The main political parties have publicily declared their willigness to go ahead with the electoral process on the basis of the improved manual registration system. The Forum of Opposition parties most of them not represented at the Parliament opposes it. No EU Electoral Observation Mission EOM for Guinea-Bissau has been foreseen given the limited funds available and, in particular, the fact that in Guinea-Bissau, the problem is less of defective electoral processes, than of failure to respect their results.

A small number of experts will be on the ground around four weeks prior to Election Day and will follow the process until the publication of results. The EEM will also assess the implementation of the past two EU EOM recommendations and, for the consideration of the new authorities, propose in their report how these recommendations should be implemented for the next electoral cycle. It is expected that disbursements under this project can start before the end of the year.

As regards the Cocaine Route Programme, it was launched in to contribute to the fight against organised crime and drug trafficking along the so-called Cocaine Route, from the main production countries in Latin America to Europe, primarily via the Caribbean and West Africa. With a commitment so far of EUR These projects conduct activities, primarily capacity building, in three main domains, i. As identified by the latter, the main potential of the Programme lies in gathering West African and Latin American partners into an international law enforcement community to combat transnational organised crime.

It is also important to address both the criminal aspects of drug trafficking and the reinforcement of law enforcement capacities across [sic] the Region. The mentoring French team of the first trained battalion, in coordination with EUTM, checks the correct implementation of the instruction. No incidents are reported as of now. In this context it will publish an implementation report on the relevant EU legal instruments in the coming months. A proper implementation and application of these instruments will contribute to a proper functioning of the European area of justice.

For example, proper implementation of the European Supervision Order by all Member States will allow suspected persons who are subject to a European Arrest Warrant to swiftly go back to their country of residence while they are awaiting trial in another Member State.

This will avoid long pre-trial detention in another Member State following the execution of a European Arrest Warrant and before the actual trial takes place. Moreover, implementation of the Probation and Alternative Sanctions will encourage judges, who can be confident that a person will be properly supervised in another Member State, to impose an alternative sanction to be executed abroad instead of a prison sentence. Finally, Transfer of Prisoners will allow prisoners to go back to their home country to serve their prison sentence.

We are jointly reflecting on how best to use EU assistance to Bangladesh to underpin progress and address the underlying problems. It outlines commitments in three areas: It has been elaborated in close cooperation of all parties concerned. As regards implementation of the respective commitments, specific deadlines have been established for a number of actions outlined in the compact. In addition, the parties agreed to hold a follow-up meeting in to take stock of progress made on actions outlined in the compact.

Since then, the Parliament of Bangladesh has adopted amendments to the Labour Act and the ILO, to which the compact attributes an important coordinating role, has moved forward in consultations with relevant stakeholders with a view to implementing other commitments. When does the Commission expect to conclude this research? Can it anticipate some of its findings? What does the Commission believe are the main obstacles to finalising and implementing a roadmap for safety at work with the Bangladeshi Government and social partners?

Iniciativa Oportunidades para a Juventude. The Commission's detailed assessment of the Youth Opportunities Initiative can be found in. However, any decision by the Joint Committee would need to be taken by common agreement of the parties. Quality of drinking water in the capitals of Member States.

Increase in terrorist attacks in the Middle East: Fundamental challenges for food supplements 2. Cases of violence and abuse in Europe in crisis. Investigation into Chinese telecom sector. Compensation for families of victims of factory fire in Pakistan. Compensation for victims of crime abroad.

Genetic defects in donated sperm cells: Precautionary support programme for Portugual. Possible infringement of public procurement legislation at the expense of AnsaldoBreda. Protection of bees and the temporary ban on neonicotinoid-based pesticides. Possibility of economic and social development funding being used improperly in connection with the hosting of international sporting events in Brazil.


Possible distortions of competition: More accurate and less invasive screening method to detect Down's syndrome and other genetic foetal abnormalities. Lack of transparency in subsidies to NGOs. IMD 2 proposal and subsidiarity and proportionality principles. Strengthening of communications networks.

Good news about the reduction in the price of roaming and the resulting legal uncertainty. Consequences of the fourth railway package. More damaging activities at a site of Community importance. Possible effects of pollution in the atmosphere on health. Anti-dumping tariffs against Chinese solar panels. Classification as secret of Poland's request for a derogation from the common system of value added tax with reference to motor vehicles, their fuels and other running expenses. European Arrest Warrant — changes to the Croatian law on judicial cooperation in criminal matters with Member States.

Compiling data on disability and education. Teacher training — embracing diversity. Protecting small and medium enterprises against misleading advertising. German Constitutional Court to make a decision on the EU's behalf. Penalisation of Italian wine exports due to Russian import duties. Chinese workshops damaging small footwear companies in the Veneto region. Spread of slot machine arcades threatening local safety and law and order.

Italian industry's response to the crisis: An innovative cap to guarantee the integrity of products and consumer safety. E colouring Cochineal, Carmine, Carminic acid. Delays in revising the Package Travel Directive. Commission funding of sports and tourism facilities in Poland. Conflict of interest — Danish Institute of Human Rights. Compliance with rules on state aid for the financing of infrastructure projects.

Restrictions on use of social media in Turkey. Stassen to the Commission. Turkey's desire to bring Twitter under control. Proposed amendments to Poland's tax code. Support for organisations defending Christians' rights and fighting to preserve the EU's cultural foundations. Commission measures to tackle the debt crisis in the Member States. Activities of anti-democratic parties in the EU. Reducing the marketing of alcohol in sports. Competition and Innovation Programme, large-scale pilot project.

Gender equality and women's rights in Namibia. Monitoring of waste-water treatment in Prague. Incinerator at Montale Province of Pistoia: Protection of Syria's artistic heritage. Monitoring of the use of subsidies, particularly in Egypt. Stassen to the Council. Council's intention to open a new chapter in the negotiations with Turkey.

Review by the Commission of Spanish mortgage legislation. Environmental flow in the final stretch of the Ebro River. New Unesco biosphere reserve: How far is the Commission responsible for the failure of the economic strategy? Behaviour of European companies around the world. Possible funding for the implementation of a social reintegration and public awareness-raising project. Information on the use of EU funds during the period Tuscany Region and the city of Livorno.

Fruit and vegetables for children before they first start school. Altering the maximum duration of night flights. Excess pollutant emissions from light-duty vehicles. Harmonisation of hygiene standards for materials in contact with drinking water. Large-scale compulsory expropriation affecting ethnic minorities: Clashes between Sunnis and Shias in Egypt. Vietnamese activist on hunger strike against prison conditions. Trafficking of women to China from neighbouring countries.

Privatisation of water companies in Greece. Funding of pig rearing in crates and stalls in non-EU countries. Ending of negotiations and impact on IPA funding. Invitations to tender for gas distribution. Castor project and common rules for the internal natural gas market. Human papilloma virus vaccinations in Japan. Poll on Germany's dominant role in the EU. Possible unfair business practices affecting newsagents. Merkies to the Commission. Minister of Finance's proposal to the Commission to restrict the full deduction of VAT from company car purchases for another five years.

Liquidation of Kowent sp. Wave of Syrian refugees emigrating to neighbouring countries. Concerns about violations of European values in Hungary and Bulgaria. Action against growing anti-Semitism in Europe. Riots following the presidential elections in Venezuela. The constitutional situation in Hungary. The common agricultural policy and the issue of discrimination. The common agricultural policy and fair direct payments.

The common agricultural policy and the crisis. Gender equality in securing access to goods and services. Economic competition and the crisis period. Demographic data and personal data protection. EU Member States are encouraged to adopt measures against tax evasion. Developing countries and EU trade policy. The fight against xenophobia and discrimination.

Cooperation and Verification Mechanism for Bulgaria. Implementation of the Working Time Directive in the context of public procurement. Correctness of the information provided in the context of the aid authorisation procedure for Berlin-Brandenburg airport. Plans to introduce EU-wide motorway tolls. Youth migration to countries outside the European Union. Conduct of the German Jugendamt towards Polish children. Employee vocational training in the EU. Damage caused by wild animals and strays.

Possible funding for setting up a museum of vintage civil, military and commercial vehicles in Rome. Possible infringement of environmental protection and public health regulations by the Tivoli municipal authorities. Rights of children of incarcerated parents. Illegal activities of organised criminals in games arcades.

Use of derivatives by the Member States. Availability of Schengen visas in Polish consulates in Belarus. Consumer protection through high quality broadband Internet connections. Varying staff levels and absences from work in OLAF. Reduction in the special excise duty SED on heating fuel or motor fuel for the Greek islands. However, the Commission is currently assessing the recent policy measures adopted in Spain and it will consider further action from or at EU level, if necessary.

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Has the Commission completed its assessment of the recent policy measures adopted in Spain? In addition, the Commission is assessing several new measures changing renewable energy support schemes adopted in , with the view to conclude its analysis on whether or not to take action at EU level, if appropriate, by the end of If not, what steps does the Commission plan to take to ensure that Spain complies with the ruling of the Court of Justice of the EU? The Commission services are in contact with the Spanish Government concerning the formulation of such new rules.

En el caso de Grecia, el asunto investigado afecta a la cadena DIA. Members of the association claim that DIA has engaged in illegal and deceitful activities to serve its own interests, at the direct expense of its franchise holders. The chain is also said to have breached the labour regulations in force regarding employee working times and payment methods.

It is also alleged to have subjected its franchise holders to force and coercion for defending their interests against practices such as transferring costs to franchise holders and reducing margins. Does the Commission have evidence of any commercial activities pursued by DIA which breach the rules governing the single market? Has the Commission taken any steps, in which DIA is involved, to defend the single market and consumers?

Despite the fact that there is no specific competition legislation concerning franchises, certain behaviour such as limiting franchises' freedom to price their products could constitute a violation of competition law. However, it is likely that this might best be addressed at national level by the Spanish competition authorities. In particular, the Greek, Swedish, Finnish and Romanian NCAs have been investigating antitrust cases dealing with resale price maintenance imposed by large supermarket chains in their franchise networks.

The Greek case refers to the supermarket chain DIA. Gibt es bereits Bestrebungen innerhalb der Kommission, ein solches Zentralregister oder ein vergleichbares System einzurichten? Die Kommission leistet technische Hilfe. When administering justice, the national courts may consider it significant whether the accused already has a criminal record — and if so, what offence was committed and what the sentence was.

In Germany, this information is contained in a central criminal register Bundeszentralregister. Coordinating this across borders seems to be far more difficult. In practice, exchanging data is easier with some countries than with others. Yet, as mentioned, these data are extremely important.

Is the Commission already trying to set up a central criminal register or similar system? As Member States could not agree on a central system, the European Criminal Records Information System allows for decentralized, computerised exchanges of information extracted from criminal records for criminal proceedings and other purposes between Member States, for example screening procedures for employment. The Commission gives technical support to the system. Wie bewertet die Kommission die Verwendung von Insekten als tierische Proteine in der landwirtschaftlichen Nutztierhaltung?

Consideration is also being given to the use in the future of processed animal protein from poultry in pig feed and of processed animal protein from pigs in poultry feed, as soon as validated diagnostic methods are available to monitor the ban on animals re-entering their own foodchain. However insects reared under controlled conditions before being dried and ground into meal can also make a valuable contribution to rebalancing the protein deficit in the rearing of farm animals. Is the Commission planning to relax the feed ban on processed animal protein from dried and ground invertebrates?

The Commission considers that protein of insect origin has the potential of being a useful form of protein for animal feed. The Commission is keeping this issue under review and will be prepared to propose modifications to the current rules where appropriate. Since , the European Regional Development Fund ERDF has been able to finance programmes for housing renovation and the regeneration of urban centres in all Member States, in particular energy efficiency and integrated urban regeneration projects aimed at supporting vulnerable communities.

The regulations were modified twice later in the programming period, after which housing investments became possible, to a limited extent, in all Member States. However, the available information does not permit the identification of amounts specifically allocated in favour of vulnerable communities in each area of intervention. The Commission suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authority of the programmes, in the Ministry of Development. Can the Commission state how many students from third-level institutions in Ireland participated in the Erasmus programme during the years , and ?

The participation of students from Irish higher education institutions in Erasmus student mobility has evolved over the last three years as follows. Can the Commission estimate the economic benefits for the European Union of a successful Canada-EU Free Trade Agreement, and can the Commission provide an update on the status of the negotiations that are currently ongoing between both parties?

Any comprehensive trade and economic agreement CETA between EU and Canada would cover key issues of relevance to creating a modern trade and investment environment, from ambitious new market access opportunities to clear rules for European and Canadian businesses and investors. It is also expected that once implemented, an agreement would increase two-way bilateral trade in goods and services by As regards the status of the CETA negotiations, these are now in their final phase.

The Commission has had very intense discussions with Canada during May and the first half of June. While important progress has been made, a number of key outstanding issues remain with respect to some aspects of investment protection and public procurement as well as agricultural market access and the protection of geographical indications. The Commission remains committed to finalise the CETA negotiations as swiftly as possible but in respect of the EU's negotiating mandate. Although very close to conclusion, the final agreement on CETA will require further constructive efforts from both sides and the Commission remains in close contact with Canadian counterparts to this end.

Can the Commission estimate the broad economic benefits for the European Union of a successful US-EU Free Trade Agreement, and can the Commission provide an update on the status of the negotiations that are currently ongoing between both parties, following the mandate achieved by the Irish Presidency? Esto sigue siendo aplicable en el estado actual del proceso.

This holds true at the current state of the process. Readmission agreements have been a focal point of a common European policy on migration. Are such bilateral agreements between Member States compatible with existing European legislation, such as the Schengen Code and Convention or the asylum acquis concerning the allocation of responsibility between Member States? Given that these agreements were signed before the legislation referred to above, are they still valid today?

If so, does the Commission have a regularly updated inventory of, and is it monitoring, all bilateral agreements linked to readmission concluded between Member States? There are, however, two exceptions to this rule:. It results that the application of bilateral readmission agreements which entered into force before the cut-off date of An exhaustive and updated overview of all readmission agreements between Member States is publicly available at the Return Migration and Development Platform of the European University Institute:.

Seaside tourism companies in Europe have seen significant growth over the past few years due to changes in demand by tourists longer holiday period and also the local population current fashions and a warmer climate. These companies play a key role in managing European coasts, particularly in the Mediterranean. Seaside tourism companies play a key social role since they employ a large number of people in micro-regions and have also attempted over the past few years to move away from seasonal employment. The indirect implications for local economies are significant and should be evaluated.

Furthermore, seaside resorts are in a position to work together with municipal councils to ensure that the resorts are safe by putting in place surveillance measures and limiting the number of people on the beach. Funding opportunities for investments geared to ensure the sustainability and protection of coastal areas are available under different EU programmes, including the European Fund for Fisheries.

Support for tourism investments continues to be a potential activity area of the future Operational Programmes under the European Structural and Investment Funds, if they are connected to the thematic priorities and objectives of the funds. The Commission already encourages the exchange of best practice in the field of coastal and maritime tourism.

Of those non-working persons, What action is being taken by the Commission under the European Employment Strategy to address the issue of unemployment among persons with disabilities? What progress has been made by the Commission in implementing a framework for job creation in the Health and Social Care sector? As regards the assistance allowance, does the Commission intend to implement an employment promotion strategy to allow for investment in services for disabled persons, as set out in the Employment Package?

The Employment Guidelines address the integration of people with disabilities in the labour market. In the European Semester, the Commission monitors the Member States' performance in achieving the goals of the Europe strategy. A Joint Action on health workforce forecasting and planning has kicked off. In addition, the Commission carries out studies of recruitment and retention strategies and of continouous professional development. The Commission's social investment package provides policy advice in terms of tailoring support with regard to groups with special needs, e. The European Disability Strategy includes measures to facilitate the employment of persons with disabilities.

The definitions and criteria for determining disability are a matter of Member State competence. Around one billion people in the world are suffering from hunger and another billion are undernourished. Most of those affected are women, children and small farmers. Given its specific nature, agriculture is one of the sectors most affected by climate change. This has major implications for the security of food supply. Agricultural policy is a key factor in safeguarding food supplies, ensuring sustainable growth in rural areas and combating poverty.

Effectively this means that large-scale agriculture must exist alongside small and medium-scale agriculture, which accounts for a large number of farmers, particularly in countries afflicted by food shortages, the common objective being to improve access to know-how and secure additional market openings with a view to achieving sustainable growth in these areas and thus reducing hunger in the world.

Given that the aim of the new CAP is the implementation of sustainable farming practices and rural development policies adapted to the challenges arising at local level, does the Commission intend to introduce a market management mechanism adapted to a variety of sectors and geographical areas so as to ensure the more effective and responsible involvement of farmers and their organisations and thus prevent the situation described above occurring in future? Market management mechanisms under the CAP have evolved considerably since its beginnings and are at present considered as a means to provide farmers a safety net in times of severe market distortions.

The shift in focus of the CAP from price support through market intervention to producer support through direct payments, while placing greater emphasis on environmental and territorial sustainability through rural development measures, was driven by the need to make EU agriculture more market oriented. The present changes to the CAP agreed at political level for the period will enable further improvements in the competitiveness of EU agriculture, notably by ending remaining production limitations, abolishing certain aid schemes that artificially influence producers' decisions.

Measures to facilitate cooperation amongst producers and along the supply chain are also introduced.

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Overall, the new CAP should be more focused towards longer term economic and environmental sustainability of EU agriculture through better targeting direct payments e. These changes should ensure the contribution of EU agriculture to food security in a sustainable way. According to the latest reports, there is constant tension between the Frelimo Mozambique Liberation Front Government and Renamo Mozambican National Resistance , which is mounting as the elections approach. Renamo is seeking to renegotiate the peace agreements and disputes the electoral laws adopted by the Frelimo majority, and in particular the composition of the National Electoral Committee, and is threatening to boycott the elections.

The last three months have witnessed mounting political tension in Mozambique. This tension takes place in the context of the local and general elections in Mozambique, and could be linked to the political decline of the main opposition party Renamo and the positioning for the succession of President Guebuza within the ruling Frelimo party. Tension is fed as well by a sense of exclusion from those not benefiting from the transition to a natural resource based economy and the ensuing rapid growth rates.

National and international efforts are being made and multiple channels of communication used, to defuse tension, in particular to avoid violence, and to resolve the current political stalemate. The EU is supporting efforts to help the Government and the Renamo should settle their differences through dialogue. The EU EFM provided an assessment of the electoral process and pragmatic proposals on preparations for the up-coming elections. The EU will continue to make every effort to support the holding of right of elections in a calm and peaceful atmosphere.

The Commission is aware of the deteriorating food security status in Guinea Bissau and is closely monitoring the situation. At the same time, the Commission is currently preparing two new programmes aiming at addressing the root causes of malnutrition and vulnerability to food crisis in Guinea Bissau by increasing food production, supporting selected agricultural value chains and adding value to smallholder agricultural production.

It is also foreseen to support the set-up of an improved early warning system for food security and nutrition, involving UN agencies and national specialized statistic bodies, in order to have more accurate information about the evolution of the food security situation, which will be accessible to all the stakeholders. According to the report, by the end of there was a total of Children are at the heart of the EU's humanitarian work.

The Commission is also developing new tools to foster and track age-sensitive humanitarian projects, bringing attention to the specific needs of girls and boys. The EU has dedicated its Nobel Peace Prize award to help children who are growing up in, or are displaced by, conflicts. The Common European Asylum System provides for child-sensitive reception conditions including special provisions for unaccompanied minors. In addition to this, the European Asylum Support Office can promote best and harmonised practices on child related issues and the European Refugee Fund foresees special assistance for the resettlement of children at risk and unaccompanied minors.

According to several international studies, the incidence of mental illness increases in times of crisis and unemployment. According to the national mental health coordinator, people with chronic mental health problems that tend to be incapacitating are most likely to miss check-ups more than usual and, in some cases, these patients have stopped taking their medication or have significantly cut down how much they take.

What figures does it have on the rise in the number of cases of depression and mental health problems in the EU? The Commission is aware of the scientific evidence suggesting that strong links exist between mental health problems, economic crisis and unemployment. The Commission is also aware of the adverse impact which mental disorders may have on adherence to treatment.

Improving adherence to treatment and medical plans is the objective of one of the 6 thematic Action Groups established under the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, a collaborative stakeholder-driven partnership under which more than voluntary commitments for action to increase the average healthy lifespan of EU citizens by two years by have been submitted.

As regards developments in the number of cases of depression and mental health problems, the Commission has no systematic data available at EU-level. Data are only available with a delay and are still particularly limited for the field of mental health. A first wave of data on mental health from the European Health Interview Survey, covering seventeen countries, was collected between and A second wave is planned for , however with slightly different questions.

These show increases from 9. In the following year to , there was a slight decrease of the rate to A group of British scientists recently met at the headquarters of the UK weather agency, the Met Office, to discuss the possible reasons for the unusual weather conditions in Europe in recent years. Thousands of people in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany and Switzerland were recently ordered to abandon their homes because of flooding and other risks resulting from historic floods that devastated vast swathes of central Europe, caused by the cumulative effect of days of uninterrupted torrential rain.

Extreme hydrological events across Europe imply high risks for society as they often cause severe economic and environmental damage and loss of human lives. This issue has been addressed specifically in a recent call for proposals on seasonal to decadal forecasting, designed to improve prediction skills of operational forecasting systems at time scales from months to years ahead.

The UK Met Office is one of the leading institutions within these consortia and the regular exchange of information on climate change and its impacts between the Commission and the European scientific community at large is ensured. Whereas the meteorological phenomena causing extreme flooding across large parts of central Europe are well known, the basic understanding of the causes of the unusual meteorological blocking situation that Europe was facing in spring is still lacking. This is why the understanding, development and prediction of meteorological blocking systems is one of the priorities of ongoing research projects focusing on seasonal predictions.

Em Portugal, de acordo com o Regulamento CE n. Several products containing acesulfame potassium, a sweetener times sweeter than sucrose and whose effects on health have been the subject of contradictory studies, with some considering it potentially carcinogenic, are on sale alongside dietetic products and are distributed by at least one well-known Spanish brand and another Portuguese one.

It was re-evaluated by the SCF in It is predicted that there will be changes in the magnetic fields in some parts of the world, particularly in western Europe, and that flows of solar particles could alter geomagnetic activity to a degree that could disrupt the functioning of telecommunication systems, such as GPS navigation devices and mobile networks particularly the latest generation of devices.

According to NASA technicians, disruptions in communications could happen within two months, particularly in western Europe. Is it planning to take any preventive or informative measures relating to possible disruptions in European telecommunications? The Commission is aware of the potential threats to space-based and ground-based infrastructure posed by space weather events including major solar storms.

Assessing the impact on Earth orbiting satellites, GNSS reception, the electric grid and other systems is an important aspect. Emerging risks such as those due to space weather will be addressed in the risk overview that the Commission has been asked to compile based on national risk assessments that Member States are preparing. A series of measures have been implemented, including the setting up of contingency procedures and notification to users to address the risk of service outages.

Complementary activities aiming at building up European space weather services are being conducted through ESA programmes. Diesel particulates, lead, mercury, methylene chloride and other pollutants are known to affect brain function and child development. According to the study, women exposed to high levels of air pollution while pregnant were up to twice as likely to have a child with autism as women living in areas with low pollution. Does the Commission have any up-to-date figures on the link between autism and air pollution in the EU?

While this study is significant and would appear to provide evidence on the need for preventive action, the scientific consensus is that autism-spectrum disorders are multifactorial and that not all causes are known. Thus there would be a need to repeat the study, also in Europe where environmental and socioeconomic conditions are different.

The Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities FP7, has funded two projects on the link between air pollutants and neurodevelopmental disorders. The recently finished ESCAPE project investigated six birth cohorts and found that traffic-related air pollution exposure during pregnancy was associated with motor development impairment in children.