Manual Sieben mal ICH: Stummer Hilferuf (German Edition)

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Sie hat sieben Abteilungen, zu denen sieben Thore führen. Aber sie muß einige Male in dem Zimmer auf und ab gehen. . Ich wandte mich gegen sie, um mit dieser Bewegung einen stummen Abschied von ihr zu nehmen. Draußen am Lande krachten Schüsse, und ertönten Flüche und Hilferufe, und dazwischen .
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Der Antrag der Fraktion beginnt mit folgendem Satz: Es wurden zwischen Denn unter Punkt 3. Einen schwerwiegenden innenpolitischen Skandal stellt Punkt 14 des Fraktionsbeschlusses dar: Im Januar hatte sich die Fraktion noch enthalten u.

Zum Zeitpunkt der Abstimmung waren nur noch wenige Abgeordnete anwesend. Wir danken insbesondere den beiden Genossinnen, die sich dieser Form von Erpressung widersetzt und gegen den Antrag gestimmt haben. Abgelegt unter Medien , P. Israel und Iran bombardieren sich derweil im Golan und in Syrien. Allerdings gibt es eine Mehrheit von Staaten, die keine territorialen und strategischen Interessen in Syrien haben.

Und mehr Steinmeier als Maas. Was sollen wir tun? Die russische Seite wird gern bereit sein zu reden: Das sieht nach einer Lose-lose-Partie aus. Macron formuliert das feiner. Offenbar waren die Tiere aus einem Gehege in Leverkusen ausgebrochen. Der Delegierte aus Mittelhessen reiste vorzeitig ab.


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Im Schnitt sind es Handys, Shampoo und Brillen sind es auch. Ein weich gekochtes Ei? Gibt es bei Jurys nicht, die Eier sind immer hart. Es spritzt, als die junge Frau die gebogenen Arme der schmalen Zange in das Fleisch der Papaya senkt. Einen Leistungsnachweis erwartet hier niemand. Damit meinen sie nicht nur das gesellschaftliche Stigma, mit dem Abtreibungen auch im Etwas mehr als Medizinische Leitlinien zum Schwangerschaftsabbruch gibt es derweil keine. Ein Umstand, den Pro Familia bereits in einem Rundbrief kritisiert hatte.

Demonstration gegen Paragraph zum Schwangerschaftsabbruch. This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. Licensing for more information. Das hat Horst Seehofer gesagt. Er spielt zurzeit die Rolle des Bundesinnenministers.

Nicht mehr, nicht weniger. Wenn es sich hier wirklich um ein Duell handelt, dann steht der Ausgang fest: Das hat nichts mit irgendeinem Gutmenschentum zu tun. Sondern mit notwendigem Realismus. Also will man andere Quellen anbohren. Tagesschau und Tagesthemen unterschlugen die Nachricht hingegen. Dies ganz im Einklang mit der Regierung in Berlin.

Die Schmiergeldleistungen aus Steuermitteln waren der Nachrichtensendung des Ersten Deutschen Fernsehens seinerzeit allerdings ebenfalls keine Meldungen wert gewesen. So kommt es vor, dass bestimmte Begebenheiten an einem Tag Einzug in unser Nachrichtenangebot erhalten, an einem anderen Tag dagegen nicht.

Die Organisation hat Aktive. Sie erhielten aber sogleich 19,7 Mio. US-Dollar von der westlichen Kriegskoalition i. Sogndal — Eigenes Werk. Die Gemeinsame Liste ist die vereinigte oder nicht vereinigte Liste der arabischen Gemeinschaft in Israel. Sie vereinigt die drei sehr verschiedenen arabischen Parteien: Wie kommt es, dass diese so verschiedenen Parteien eine Liste wurden? Warum schlossen sie sich nicht Rabins Regierung an? Beide Seiten hatten Angst, Stimmen zu verlieren. Es ist sogar noch unwahrscheinlicher, dass sie solch eine Einladung bekommen.

Gabbay ist kein Dummkopf. Nach dem ersten Schlag kamen weitere. Das ist nicht ganz korrekt. Gott hat dieses Versprechen nie gehalten. Gabbay ist viel zu klug, um dies nicht zu realisieren. Sie ist es aber nicht. Die Rechten verabscheuen die Labor-Partei, nicht erst seit gestern, sondern seit Generationen. Ihre Macht war gewaltig, viele auch ich klagten sie wegen diktatorischer Tendenzen an.

Abgesehen von einer winzigen Minderheit war die Partei immer nationalistisch, sogar militaristisch. Dieses soziale Netzwerk ist seit langem degeneriert. Korruption herrschte vor, viele Skandale wurden aufgedeckt vor allem von meinem Nachrichten-Magazin. Nun, ich bezweifle es. Die Existenz einer parlamentarischen Opposition ist eine. Welches ist die praktische Schlussfolgerung?

Die Labor-Partei vergessen und eine neue politische Kraft schaffen. In jener Nacht seien lediglich etwa 40 Bewohner des Lagers durch Schreie des Togoers geweckt worden und im Pyjama oder Trainingsanzug aus ihren Zimmern getreten. Das will Christian Lindner doch nicht auf sich sitzen lassen. Dem chinesischen Autokonzern droht nun eine Millionen-Strafe. Das war beim Einstieg des chinesischen Autoherstellers Geely bei Daimler nicht anders.

Am Abend des Februar waren die Verhandlungen schon weit fortgeschritten. Und ja, neueste Umfragen vom Mai sehen die Rechtspopulisten sogar bei 15 Prozent. Bedingt abwehrbereit… der Bundeswehr mangelt es nicht am Geld. Ist das nicht inkonsequent? Es ist der Das Meer ist an diesem Tag ruhig, das Wetter mild. Gegen Mittag hatte Davis seinen letzten Standort notiert: Er ist 41 Jahre alt, Meeresbiologe — einer, der das Meer liebt und alles, was in ihm schwimmt. Ob ein Beobachter an Bord geht oder nicht, kann sich die Crew nicht aussuchen. Fischereibeobachter arbeiten meist allein.

Der Raum an Bord ist eng, es gibt keinen Platz zu verschenken. Alles wird hier geteilt, manchmal sogar die Pritsche. Wenn der will, liest er mit. Kurz bevor die Victoria No. Anstatt in der Lieferkette landet der Fisch dann als Beifang im Hafen. Sie kommen aus den asiatischen Seefahrernationen, von den Philippinen, aus Indonesien.

Und jeder Tag auf dem Meer kostet Geld: Seit Mitte der er Jahre arbeitet Mitchell selbst als Fischereibeobachterin. Mitchell versucht, den September genau zu rekonstruieren. Wann Davis mit der Arbeit begann, wann er das letzte Mal gesehen wurde. Nur ein Teil fehlt ihr bisher. Die 75 Minuten, in denen Davis verschwand. Vermutlich ist das nur ein Bruchteil dessen, was auf hoher See passiert.

Neben Davis sind in den letzten acht Jahren sechs weitere Fischereibeobachter verschwunden. Beine und Arme waren mit Ketten gefesselt. Die Untersuchungen dauern an. Wesley Talia, Papua-Neuginuea, verschwindet von einem Fischerboot. Larry Gavin, Papua-Neuguinea, verschwindet. Durchschnittlich 20 Kilogramm Fisch verzehrt jeder Mensch pro Jahr.

Doppelt so viel wie in den er Jahren. Nur die Grundlage schwindet. Die Ware wird knapp. Die Reste sind begehrt und die Meere sind zum Schauplatz eines knallharten Verteilungskampfs geworden. Wahrscheinlich sind es noch mehr. Sie stehen da, wo illegale Fischerei ihren Anfang nimmt: Weltweit arbeiten mehrere hundert Beobachter. Genaue Zahlen gibt es nicht. Viele sind jung, frisch von der Uni, oft mit einem naturwissenschaftlichen Abschluss. Es sind idealistische Abenteurer mit einem Auftrag: Mit Stift, Papier und Kamera.

Die Krise in Mali ist von komplexer Natur. Eine Entscheidung mit gravierenden Folgen: Und trotz eines robusteren Mandats seit Juni beschleunigt sich die Todesrate. Ihm fielen bis Januar Blauhelme zum Opfer, weitere wurden schwer verletzt. Nach UN-Angaben leben Die Schulen von Ihnen allen werden die genannten Vorteile im Friedensprozess in Aussicht gestellt, sofern sie sich einer der beiden im Friedensvertrag exklusiv genannten Koalitionen anschliessen.

Letztere, also die Dschihadisten, blieben bei den Friedensverhandlungen aussen vor. Dabei haben sich die Formationen sowohl innerhalb der Tuareg- wie innerhalb der malisch-arabischen Community in jeweils konkurrierende Fraktionen aufgespalten. Das ist ein Faktor der Krise. Man kann nicht Sicherheit in einer Region schaffen, die kein Einkommen hat. Die Region Taoudeni im hohen Norden, mit Von dem, was der Friedensvertrag dem Norden an Entwicklungsfortschritt verspricht, ist bisher gleichfalls wenig zu sehen.

Aber was sollte man machen? Mehr als Anklagen liegen schon lange und meist unbearbeitet bei malischen Gerichten, auch gegen Verbrechen der Armee. Der Flut von Unrecht stehen bis heute nur zwei Verurteilungen entgegen. Als das Gremium berufen wurde, schien seine alleinige Aufgabe, Licht auf Verlauf und Geschichte der Konfrontationen im Norden zu bringen. Die erste Wahrheitskommission der Welt, die im laufenden Konflikt ermittelt. Mittlerweile hat der Einsatz eine schleichende Umwidmung erfahren: Gao ist heute ein Drehkreuz der illegalen Migration, und alles geschieht ganz offen unter unseren Augen.

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Seit ist das geographische Zentrum des Landes zu einer neuen Zone der Unsicherheit geworden. Anders Zentralmali mit dem fruchtbaren Binnendelta des Niger: Das Gegenteil ist der Fall: Diese Verwaltung hat niemand verteidigen wollen. Das geschieht den Beamten recht! In der lokalen Religionsgeschichte spielen die Peulh eine besondere Rolle.

Sozialer Atavismus ist vielleicht das schlimmste Symptom der Krise. Untersuchung und Aufarbeitung, was in den Jahrzehnten verfehlter Demokratie geschehen war und wer vom Missbrauch internationaler Zahlungen profitiert hatte. Sie hatte nach dem Putsch den Geldhahn zugedreht; damit waren zwei Drittel des Staatsbudgets gestrichen.

Das sind demokratische Reifeprozesse, die nicht ins Bild eines zerfallenden Landes passen. Was im offiziellen Friedensprozess als ein stabilisierendes Mehr an Demokratie gedacht war, wurde von vielen Maliern als das Gegenteil begriffen, als Angriff auf eine bereits schwache Demokratie. Ein bemerkenswerter Vorgang; dennoch wurde er nicht zum Zwecke einer Korrektur des Prozesses analysiert. Auch ausserhalb der UN herrscht Doppelsprech: Was aber trieb den Widerstand an? Dabei zeigt der reale Gang der Dinge: In Gao, mit Das war ein Fehler. Sie hatten im Friedensprozess nichts mehr zu fordern, weil sie keine Waffen hatten.

Auch die Hoffnung auf eine bessere staatliche Verwaltung, die in Gao besonders stark war, wurde betrogen. Auch in Bamako kam es dabei zu ein oder zwei Toten. Zugleich werden manche Proteste militanter. Ras Bath sage nur laut, was viele denken. Unser Islam ist authentisch; wir brauchen diese Leute nicht. Ein Kunstgriff, um sich vor allem der Jugend nicht zu entfremden. Kein Politiker kann solche Massen mobilisieren.

Der Staat hat selbst keine Religionspolitik. IBK hatte gerade seinen Wahlkampf begonnen. Jeder Malier verstand das Signal: Staatsbedienstete sind zur UN gewechselt, beziehen aber ihr altes niedrigeres Gehalt weiter. So behauptet etwa ein hochrangiger Staatsbediensteter in Bamako: Sollte die UN-Mission besser verschwinden? Selbst ich reise dorthin in einem Flugzeug der Minusma. Der Fall der Demokratischen Republik Kongo beunruhigt uns sehr. Dieser Sichtweise hat der offizielle Friedensprozess in keiner Phase Rechnung getragen. Seit haben einzelne prominente Malier immer wieder verlangt, auch mit Dschihadisten den Dialog aufzunehmen.

Nun stechen aber zwei wohlbekannte einheimische Akteure heraus: Beide haben Signale gesendet, sie seien zum Dialog bereit. Am Ende waren drei Dinge klar: Es ist ein Kampf gegen den Terrorismus ohne Zweideutigkeit. Und solange das so ist, werden wir unseren Weg aus der Krise nicht finden. Es geht um den Krisenherd Zentralmali. Sie sind Bindeglieder, sie sollen mein Vorgehen verstehen. Wen will man in Zentralmali denn bombardieren? Aber was bietet der Staat an? Das muss das Land, das Volk entscheiden. Ein malischer General a. Die Dschihadisten haben in manchem recht: Sie wollen eine schnelle, saubere Gerichtbarkeit, und sie nehmen kein Geld.

Malis soziale Textur mit seinen 30 Ethnien vor Zerfaserung zu bewahren. Es gibt heute Misstrauen und zunehmend Formen von Kommunitarismus, von Zuweisungen wie: Gewalt nimmt zu, auch im Alltag, in Wohnvierteln, in der Familie. Alles klinkt sich falsch ineinander, und vielen liegen die Nerven blank. Armut scheint heute schwerer zu ertragen, die Armen haben ihre Geduld verloren und mit der Geduld den Pazifismus.

Gesellschaftliche Unterschiede wurden auf diese Weise abgemildert. Das gibt es heute nicht mehr. Die Erosion sozialen Zusammenhalts ist wie eine Tapete hinter dem Geschehen der grossen, offiziellen Krise. Die Geschichte von Konflikten muss verstanden werden, was in Mali oft nicht der Fall ist. Die Proklamation dieses Azawad am 6.

Finanzen zu dezentralisieren ist also eine Machtfrage, und anders als im Fall eines Putsches dreht die EU niemals den Hahn zu, wenn Geld durch Leute gestohlen wird, die sie noch braucht. Jugendidol Ras Bath geht weiter: Das System derer, die uns den Staat gestohlen haben, baut auf Sprache auf. Aber wir erfinden nichts mehr. Was haben wir falsch gemacht?

Es hat keinen Sinn, dass die internationale Gemeinschaft uns sagt, was wir tun sollen. Bis zum Sommer kann das Land explodiert sein. Viele meinen, sie haben nichts zu verlieren. Es kommen harte Konfrontationen auf uns zu. Mali steht an einem Scheideweg: Siehe dazu die lesenswerte Studie des malischen Forschers Adam Thiam: Centre pour le dialogue humanitaire, Mali Weighs Its Options. Malian Defense Forces train on delivery systems that can be dropped into an area in natural disaster situations.

Army Photo by Staff Sgt. To learn more about U. Army Africa visit our official website at www. Army Africa conversation on Facebook: Also warum nicht gerade da die Perspektive einer gesellschaftlichen Linke stark machen, wo der parteipolitische Blick vorherrscht? Einmal im Monat verbringt man ein oder zwei Tage eines Wochenendes auf einer Sitzung und versucht sich auf Positionen zu einigen — nicht viel anders als in einer x-beliebigen Politgruppe.

Nach meiner Wahl gab es im Bekanntenkreis zwei Kommentare: Donald Trump und allgemeine Weltlage, Tagesordnungspunkt 2: Vergabe von Euro an das Zeltlager eines Jugendverbands. Juni in Hannover. Am Donnerstag sind mehr als Die Demonstrantinnen und Demonstranten beweisen unterdessen Humor: Das Gesetz wird voraussichtlich am Dienstagabend verabschiedet.

Und, nun ja, sein Land mischt sich hier und da auch in die Belange anderer Staaten ein. Wo ist da die Gerechtigkeit? Es ist diese Perspektive, die Verhandlungen mit Teheran schon immer so schwierig gemacht hat. Auch die Staaten, die den NPT gar nicht erst unterzeichnet haben, sind fein raus. Wer es einmal zur Atombombe gebracht hat, ist fortan nahezu unantastbar. Bam, Iran, 23 Dec Bam, Iran, December 23, — Dr. Nach Drohungen und Protest der saudischen Botschaft werden die Flaschen wieder eingesammelt.

Seehofer und Merkel sind auf der anderen Seite zum Essen verabredet. Christian Lindner hat sich das anders vorgestellt. Aber Streit, nein, das passt nicht zu seinen Vorstellungen. Gemeint ist Wolfgang Kubicki. Ist das dann noch Ihre Partei? Sie haben im Spiegel gesagt: Viele Frauen scheuen die Auseinandersetzung. Sie schieben den Schwarzen Peter den Frauen zu. Ich habe erlebt, dass Frauen im Zweifel stark genug sind, sich durchzusetzen. Das sehe ich auch so. Ich komme aus einer sehr gut funktionierenden Jamaika-Koalition in Schleswig-Holstein. Das gab es auf Bundesebene nicht.

Ich bin Bestandteil der Koalitionsrunde in Kiel. Nicht als feste Institution, sondern wo einzelne Personen mit anderen einzelnen Personen Essen gehen und sich austauschen. Ja, aber das war liebevoll und nett. Das sei ihm im Eifer des Gefechts einfach so rausgerutscht. In Kiel sehen wir: Am Samstag beginnt Ihr Parteitag. Wir werden mal sehen. Es geht in dem Antrag vor allem um die Digitalisierung — und da vor allem um die Chancen.

Nach einem Absatz zum Wettbewerbsrecht habe ich vergeblich gesucht. Warum schreibt die FDP nichts dazu? Ich fand den Ansatz von Robert Habeck interessant. Im Internet helfen uns nationale Regelungen nicht mehr weiter. Steht auch nicht im Leitantrag. Die Stimmung der Menschen spiegelt das allerdings nicht ganz so eindeutig wider. Zwar geben in Umfragen die meisten Menschen an, mit ihrer Gesamtsituation eher zufrieden zu sein.

So gut geht es uns dann doch wieder nicht. Trotzdem gibt es weiterhin eine breite Stigmatisierung von Armut und eine Entsolidarisierung in der Gesellschaft. Wir stehen wirtschaftlich enorm gut da und sind zugleich politisch stabiler als fast alle unsere Nachbarn. Aber es ist eben nur ein Symptom. Das wird langsam ja auch getan, wie unbeholfen auch immer. Aber sie macht immerhin Anstalten, dieses Problem in den Blick zu nehmen. Das wussten alle, nur eine wusste es nicht: Der Vorwurf an Petelkaus Adresse ist triftig.

Werden eigene Verfehlungen weniger erheblich, indem man auf andere zeigt? Aber Recht ist eben noch etwas anderes als Moral. Richard Grenell mischt sich gern grob in die inneren Angelegenheiten seines Gastlandes ein: Richard Grenell — https: Die Polizei spricht von Er hoffe, dass sie die Demonstration nicht dominieren. Demonstration Freiheit statt Angst in Berlin. Abgelegt unter Bayern , Medien , P. Die UN warnten vor einer Eskalation. Ghassemi kritisiere auch die Reaktion der internationalen Gemeinschaft. Der katalanische Separatistenchef Puigdemont macht einen Schritt zur Seite.

Das gibt Hoffnung auf eine baldige Regierungsbildung in der Konfliktregion. Geregelt sei dies im Paragraf 11 des Aufenthaltsgesetzes, sagte die Sprecherin der Bundespolizei. Es ist ruhig geworden um die Landesaufnahmestelle in Lebach. Zwar kommen jeden Monat noch immer um die Asylbewerber dort an, die meisten aus Syrien, dem Irak, Afghanistan und mittlerweile auch aus Nigeria. Frau Haberecht, warum wurde Ihnen die Weiterarbeit untersagt? Dabei bin ich nicht beim Land angestellt; vielmehr habe ich den Auftrag, meine KlientInnen zu beraten und ihnen zu ihrem Recht zu verhelfen.

Besucher sind zum Beispiel in der ZUE nicht erlaubt. Wie sind die Asylbewerber untergebracht? Einige haben mir Fotos von den Toiletten gezeigt: Mit dem immer selben Programm. Im Winter fehlten auch manchen warme Kleidung. Nein, das konnte ich nicht. Ich durfte mich in der Einrichtung nicht frei bewegen, nicht herumlaufen.

Das habe ich sogar schriftlich. Viele Beschwerden zogen sich so lange hin, bis die Personen verlegt oder abgeschoben wurden. Dann suchen Polizisten die Zimmer nach verstecken Personen ab. Davon waren sehr, sehr viele extrem belastet. Konnten Sie den Asylbewerbern helfen? Asylbewerberheim in Berlin-Siemensstadt Fridolin freudenfett Peter Kuley — Eigenes Werk. Eine Ahnung, dass da was im Gange ist, beschleicht uns.

Wir wollen schlaglichtartig aktuelle Entwicklungen beleuchten und versuchen, diese politisch einzuordnen. Unter Donald Trump ticken die Uhren anders. Das ist nicht viel. Ein Jahr nach den militanten Auseinandersetzungen in Strassburg. Wir denken, es schlingert.

Unter Obama wurde eine doppelte Strategie zur Durchsetzung us-amerikanischer Interessen gefahren. Wird ein Krieg, vielleicht ein Atomkrieg, dadurch wahrscheinlicher? Alle Behauptungen in diese Richtungen sind Propaganda. Niemand sollte daran zweifeln, dass die Trump-Regierung kriegswillig ist.


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  4. Er prognostizierte ihn in 5 bis 10 Jahren. Sie setzen in Asien vor allem auf Handelsabkommen, um ihre Interessen durchzusetzen. Komponenten der NATO werden allerdings u. Die BRD setzt v. Ja, auch wenn offiziell die irakische Armee Teile der autonomen kurdischen Provinz eroberten. Auch innerhalb der NATO treten massive Spannungen auf, die eine gemeinsame Syrienstrategie mehr als unwahrscheinlich erscheinen lassen. Nach dem Ende der Sanktionen investieren v. Aus der Beschreibung der Situation in Syrien, aber auch aus den anderen Beispielen erscheint uns klar, dass ausser im Bezug auf die unmittelbare Grenze der NATO zu Russland in keiner Region und keinem Kriegsgebiet mit einer einheitlichen Gesamtstrategie agiert wird.

    Ernsthafte Zerfallsprozesse haben noch nicht begonnen. Die internen Spannungen nehmen aber zu. Das wird von deutsche Kriegsministerium auch so gewertet. Dies mit Verweis auf die wirtschaftlichen Verflechtungen von der Hand zu weisen, erscheint uns ahistorisch. Einzig in der Situation der bipolaren Blockkonfrontation des Nun gibt es aber viele Machtzentren und manch angeschlagenen Hegemon. Wenn diese, ob mit oder ohne Trump, an der Macht bleibt, wird es in den kommenden Jahren zu globalisierten Kriegen kommen. Es sieht leider nicht danach aus.

    As a work of the U. Und die Hasen fressen. Sie sind das erste Investment in Mamadous zweitem Leben. Mamadous erstes Leben endet am Darin stecken all die Dinge, die Mamadou abgeben musste, als er verhaftet worden war: Und dann ein neues Leben beginnen. Denn die zwei Polizisten sind gekommen, um ihn auszuschaffen. Dabei wollte er gar nie nach Conakry. Ich bin kein Guineer, sagt Mamadou. Aber er besitzt keinen Pass.

    Und die guineische Botschaft in Bern hat ihm ein Laissez-passer ausgestellt, ein Papier, das ihm auch als Sans-Papiers die Einreise nach Guinea erlaubt. Auf Wunsch der Schweiz. Am Morgen des Eine Stewardess begleitet Mamadou zu seinem Sitz in der hintersten Reihe. Auf der anderen Seite des Ganges sitzt ein anderer Schwarzer. Auch er wird ausgeschafft. Mamadou erinnert sich genau an den Flug und seine Ausschaffung.

    Er will nicht an das denken, was war, nicht an das, was kommt. Das Flugzeug ist um zwei Uhr nachts gelandet, mit dem Laissez-passer hat er die Passkontrolle des Flughafens Conakry passiert. Jetzt steht er in der Empfangshalle. Da vorne stehen die Empfangskomitees mit Namensschildern, er wendet sich schnell ab. Niemand wird ihn hier abholen. Er hat keine Verwandten in Conakry. Nur seine Schwester und seine Eltern wissen, dass er ausgeschafft wird. Sie hatten die Nachricht schlecht aufgenommen. Und sein Vater klagte: Wir sind keine Kriminellen.

    Sie hatten sich im Flugzeug kennengelernt. Sie hat Mitleid mit ihm. Und diese wird ihm sagen: Aber das muss wegen seines sterbenden Vaters in Monrovia, Liberia, warten. Es wird nicht Mamadous letzter Umweg gewesen sein. Als er das Haus seiner Eltern in Monrovia kurz vor Mitternacht erreicht, sieht er nicht, wie seine Schwester in der Dunkelheit vor dem Haus sitzt. Sie springt auf, schreit, umarmt ihn und weint.

    Sie haben sich zehn Jahre nicht mehr gesehen. Wasser tropfte durch ein Loch im Dach ins Zimmer, erinnert sich Mamadou. Der Anblick machte ihn traurig. Sein Vater liegt in einem Zimmer nebenan. Als Mamadou eintritt, versucht er, seinen Kopf in Mamadous Richtung zu bewegen. Er will etwas sagen, aber er ist zu schwach. Abgelegt unter Asien , Berlin , P. Eine ist nach Hans Bellinghausen — benannt, einem bis in die Knochen deutschnationalen Heimatdichter und Historiker, der als entschiedener Feind der Besetzung des Rheinlandes durch Frankreich nach bekannt wurde.

    Die Reaktion folgt umgehend: Syrien meldet, Dutzende Geschosse aus Israel abgefangen zu haben. Einige wurden demnach von dem israelischen Raketenabwehrsystem Iron Dome abgefangen. Keine der Raketen habe ihr Ziel erreicht. Wirtschaftsvertreter fordern deshalb sowohl die Bundesregierung als auch die EU-Kommission auf, ihre Engagements abzusichern. Die Deutsche Bahn hat in diesem Jahr bereits Der Schienenkonzern will rund Erstellt von DL-Redaktion am 9. Der HSV liegt vor heimischer Kulisse mit 1: Man kann das tragisch nennen. Es ist nicht die einzige schmerzhafte Niederlage gegen den Rivalen von der Weser.

    Innerhalb von drei Wochen treffen die Rivalen gleich viermal aufeinander. So gibt es noch Hoffnung. Vielleicht ist es doch noch nicht vorbei mit dem HSV. Vielleicht geht es weiter in der Relegation gegen den Dritten der zweiten Liga. In der Folge kommt es zum Bruch des Erfolgsduos an der Spitze: Im Verein sollen die Mitglieder das Sagen haben, ihre Stimme soll mehr wert sein als die Meinung eines Investors, auch wenn der noch so viel Geld anschleppt.

    Die Fans, allesamt Mitglieder des Vereins, organisieren sich, werden sportpolitisch aktiv. Auf diesen mitunter bis in die Morgenstunden dauernden Veranstaltungen ist viel Langmut gefordert. Er spricht leise und langsam, manchmal wirkt das ein wenig hypnotisch. Dass die erfolgreichste Saison seit hinter dem HSV lag, nahm keiner der beiden mehr wahr. Er stellt dem Aufsichtsrat die Vertrauensfrage und verliert den Machtkampf. Der Hamburger SV muss fortan ohne starken Sportchef auskommen.

    Wunschkandidaten sagen kurzfristig ab. Ehemalige sollen es richten. Schon viele Cheftrainer sind dieser wackligen Konstellation zum Opfer gefallen. Diplom-Kaufmann Hoffmann bleibt der starke Mann beim im Klub. Allein, was damit genau gemeint ist, bleibt meist diffus: Auf Basis orthodox-marxistischer Klassentheorie werden hier Kategorien, Instrumente sowie das methodische Vorgehen empirischer Klassenanalyse entwickelt.

    Deren Gegenstand sind zwei Dinge: Die Autoren stellen klar:. Grundlage der Studie ist eine historisch-materialistische Gesellschaftsanalyse, die der zweite Abschnitt des Buches entwickelt. Das innerste Geheimnis und die spezifische Form der Klassenbeziehungen erschliesst sich aus der Form, in der unbezahlte Mehrarbeit, das Mehrprodukt den unmittelbaren Produzenten abgepresst, abgepumpt wird. Eben dort setzt Klassenanalyse folglich an. Die Abschnitte 3 und 4 entwickeln dann Kategorien zur Analyse der Klassenbeziehungen der kapitalistischen Gesellschaft.

    Zuerst wird die historisch spezifische Form der Ausbeutung untersucht. In diesem Sinne produktive Arbeit wird aber nicht allein in der materiellen industriellen Produktion verrichtet, sondern auch von Lohnarbeitern anderer Bereiche, etwa dem Verkauf und Transport, dem Sorge- und Pflegesektor oder in der geistigen und immateriellen Produktion. Insofern dient die Kategorie der produktiven Arbeit zwar zur Bestimmung kapitalistischer Ausbeutung — als Instrument zur genaueren Gliederung der Klassenstruktur sowie zur Bestimmung der Arbeiterklasse, so die Autoren, dient sie nicht.

    Er ist Ergebnis eines Proletarisierungsprozesses, der vorkapitalistische Produzenten gewaltsam von ihren Produktionsmitteln trennt und den modernen Lohnarbeiter hervorbringt, der seine Arbeitskraft als Ware verkaufen muss.

    Beobachtung des Unsichtbaren: Literatur trifft Malerei (18) Tiepolo () / Roberto Calasso

    Die Autoren entwickeln daher den Marxschen Begriff der Arbeitskraft und untersuchen die Bedingungen und Kosten ihrer Produktion und Reproduktion sowie ihre Konsumtion, sprich ihren Einsatz in der kapitalistischen Produktion. Im Lichte heutiger Entwicklungen besonders interessant ist auch die Frage der Intelligenz und geistigen Arbeit, der die Studie abschliessend einen eigenen Abschnitt widmet. Christof Kievenheim untersucht darin die Schicht der Intelligenz im Kapitalismus sowie die Rolle und Ausgliederung geistiger Arbeit aus dem Produktionsprozess im Zuge technologischen Wandels und der entsprechenden Neuzusammensetzung des Kapitals.

    Der Band steht im Zeichen der Diskussion um die Theorie des staatsmonopolistischen Kapitalismus also die an Lenin anschliessende Theorie der Verschmelzung von Staat und Finanzkapital bzw. Monopolbourgeoisien in den imperialistischen Zentren , ist dicht geschrieben, theoretisch anspruchsvoll und ein Arbeitsbuch. Klassen- und Sozialstruktur der BRD Theorie, Diskussion, Sozialstatistische Analyse. Lehrlingsdemonstration in der BRD. Du identifizierst Grundeinkommen mit der rechten Position eines Dieter Althaus, Goetz Werner, Thomas Str aubhaar zum Beispiel, alle Verfechter unseres neoliberalen, kapitalistisch zugespitzten Wirtschaftsystems, in dessen Fahrwasser sich auch die Chefs von Siemens, Telekom und Silikon Valley tummeln.

    Das sieht man an Kindern, wie sie in die Welt hineinwachsen, gerne lernen, tun und machen, bis sie vielfach unserer alttestamentarischen Arbeitsmoral zum Opfer gefallen sind: Die Ausgestaltung eines Bedingungslosen Grundeinkommens ist der springende Punkt, ob es von links abgelehnt werden muss oder ob ihm zugestimmt werden kann. Die Postkarte steht unter creative-commons-Lizenz , d. Sie ist eine junge Politikerin der Linken, ihr Name kann hier nicht stehen, denn verzweifelt soll sie in der Zeitung nicht wirken. Sie hat Wahlkampf in der ostdeutschen Provinz gemacht.

    Sie wisse auch nicht, wann ihre Partei angefangen habe, verabscheut zu werden. Eine Partei, die die Ostdeutschen vertritt, die aber — anders als die Linke — offen gegen Zuwanderung eintreten kann.

    On Angels Ghosts and Daemons

    Die Linke ist die Volkspartei des Ostens, dachte man, aber das stimmt nicht mehr, schon lange nicht mehr. In der Ost-Provinz hat es die Linke immer schwerer. Sie wird zunehmend abgelehnt. Zweiteres ist jedenfalls wahrscheinlich. Denn der Aufstieg der AfD hat in dem Moment begonnen, in dem die Linke den Osten erst aufgegeben und dann, irgendwann, nicht mehr verstanden hat.

    Die Linke ist eine Partei, die stets von der Vergangenheit lebte. Aber das waren keine Linken im klassischen Sinne. Wir mussten irrationale Reaktionen verhindern, nicht wenige von ihnen waren auch an Waffen ausgebildet. Da bekamen wir den Volksparteicharakter. Er positionierte sich als Anwalt der Ostdeutschen. Daraufhin, so sieht er es, flogen ihm im Osten die Herzen zu. Der Osten war ihr von Anfang an nicht genug. Die PDS konnte hier vor allem so lange punkten, wie das Linke an ihr hinter dem Ostdeutschen verschwand. Schwer zu sagen, was zuerst begann.

    Dass die Linke sich von den Ostdeutschen entfremdete oder dass die Ostdeutschen sich von der Linken entfremdeten? Klar ist, dass in den Nachwendejahren Themen dominierten, die beiden Seiten wichtig waren — in erster Linie soziale Fragen. Erst seit die Migration das entscheidende deutsche Thema ist, wird aber sichtbar, wie weit die Linke und der Osten wirklich schon auseinandergedriftet sind. Die uns das am Wahlstand auch gesagt haben.

    Aber das war eben eine Zeit, in der es die AfD nicht gab. Viele Linke sehen es so: Es geht um das eigentliche Thema, das hinter dem Erfolg des Rechtspopulismus steht. Um ein vorletztes Mal Gregor Gysi zu zitieren: Um genau zu sein, ist die Linke nicht nur eine Volkspartei gewesen, sondern eine Protestvolkspartei. Oder sehen Sie das anders, Herr Ramelow? Und woran liege das? Den Ausgegrenzten-Nimbus hat uns die AfD einfach weggenommen. Aber die Linke hat den Osten eben auch freiwillig aufgegeben. Abgelegt unter Berlin , Mensch , P. Die Welt ist noch nicht untergegangen.

    Das Ende steht noch bevor. Stattdessen mal wieder nur Hashtags auf Twitter. Endlich tun Medien, was sie tun sollten: Das mediale Ausleuchten der Protagonisten der Ungleichheit ist eine Chance, das derzeitige Brodeln besser zu verstehen. Und damit meine ich nicht das Geld. Uckermaerker — Eigenes Werk.

    Die USA steigen aus. Weltweit geht es um Es klingt absurd, ist aber wahr. Die deutsche Politik intensiviert ihre Kontakte nach Moskau: Wirtschaftsminister Peter Altmaier folgt am Montag. Merkel und Putin werden am Die Kritik scheint ihm wirklich nahegegangen zu sein: Erstellt von DL-Redaktion am 8.

    Und auch finanziell musste sich Winterkorn bisher keine Sorgen machen. Und als Pension bekommt er von VW 3. In Deutschland hingegen gibt es nach zweieinhalb Jahren Ermittlungen noch keine Anklage gegen Winterkorn. Was hat er gemacht? Was hat er bekommen? Sechs Jahre und neun Monate Haft.

    Strafmildernd wirkte sich die Mitschuld der Kreditinstitute aus, die ihm beim Betrug halfen. Diese wurden nicht zur Verantwortung gezogen. Der umstrittene Umgang der Medien mit dem Fall wurde Zumwinkel strafmildernd ausgelegt. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Copyright by World Economic Forum swiss-image. Mai verstorbenen Genossen Elmar Altvater. Viele der Anwesenden kannten Elmar als klugen Ratgeber und Theoretiker des Marxismus, viele haben bei ihm oder mit seinen Texten studiert, gelernt und mit ihm politische Arbeit gemacht.

    Gleichfalls wurde der Geburtstag von Karl Marx, der am 5. Thies ging auf den Abschluss der wichtigsten Tarifrunden ein. Abgelegt unter Berlin , Opposition , P. Diese Richtung sollte sich schnell an allen deutschen Unis durchsetzen. Tatsache ist aber …. Dazu kam es nicht. Elmar hatte sicher seinen Anteil daran. Richardfabi at German Wikipedia Original text: Richardfabi — Originally from de. Kai Gniffke, setzte die Lesebrille auf und las vor: Die kurze Frist von 30 Tagen setzt zudem nicht sofort ein, sondern wird projektbezogen aufgerufen. Im Zeitalter von Internet und Smartphone sollte sie kein Problem sein.

    Noch hat die syrische Armee die Befreiung Syriens nicht beendet. Er sieht offensichtlich die Felle westlicher Investoren davonschwimmen. Die Botschaften des Papiers sind eindeutig: Asyl und Einwanderung seien politisch voneinander zu trennen und ein globales Recht auf Einwanderung weder juristisch gegeben noch pragmatisch machbar. Unserer Auffassung nach ist nur die zweite Position, also eine Regulierung, vertretbar. Die eigentliche Frage lautet daher nicht: Sind offene Grenzen utopisch?

    Abgelegt unter Berlin , Bundestag , P. Seine Funktion bei Fox News werde er niederlegen. Auf der Tagesordnung ist es Punkt 3: Doch der Gemeinderat von Kleinblittersdorf wird aller Voraussicht nach heute keine Entscheidung treffen. Polizei und Feuerwehr greifen ein. Erstellt von DL-Redaktion am 7. Transparenz, Chancen- und Geschlechtergerechtigkeit. But he had no offspring and prayed to Varuna Deva; the latter blessed the King with a son no doubt but on the condition of offering the child to him in course of time.

    As and when Varuna Deva reminded the King of the Sacrifice appearing as a Brahmana, the King kept on postponing on some pretext or another. Varuna Deva cursed Harischandra to suffer dropsy since the latter could not fulfil his promise. Rohitasya desired to return to take over the Kinghip. But Indra appeared as an old Sage and advised the boy not to return to the Kingdom, lest Varuna would not leave him for a sacrifice and suggested that he should better proceed on Tirtha Yatras to negate the sacrifice to Varuna.

    Guru Vasishtha arranged that another person would be sacrificed instead of Rohitasya and prayed Varuna to agree to the arrangement that Harishandra be freed from the disease of dropsy. Keeping in view the background of his long standing enmity with Vasishtha, Vishwamitra decided torment Harischandra. Such were the extreme tests of fate that Harischandra put to all due to his determination to follow what his conscience had demanded and finally succeeded as Lord Vishnu, Indra and Devas appeared when finally Chandramati was forced to take away the rest of her saree to pay for the last rites of the dead son!

    As he and his wife stood the tests bravely they attained Vaikuntha as their Example was indeed a banchmark to the posterity! Rohitasya was brought back to life and was made the King. Muchukunda who too belonged to the ancestry of King Ikshwaku was the able Commander of the Army of Devas in a series of battles with Daityas for long time completely disregarding his family and personal health.

    A World,s Heritage Of Native Music

    Indra expressed his gratitude and asked him for a boon. As he was so tired and sleepy, Muchukunda asked Indra to let him sleep and the latter agreed especially because one Deva year was equal to three sixty five human ears and that would provide Muchukunda ample rest. Indra also gave a boon that none should disturb his sleep and if some bodydid so that person would be burnt as ash.

    Muchukunda descended to Earth from Swarga and selected a Mountain cave to sleep. The most vicious of the Kings of the times Kamsa was killed by Krishna and the enraged King Jarasandha decided to uproot Krishna. Since he and his fellow Kings might not be able to do so, he sought the friendship of Kala Yavana the valiant and cruel Yavana King ; the combined army surrounded Mathura where his grand father was reigning under the care of Krishna.

    Just before the battle was to commence, Krishna left the Mathura Fort by a leisurely walk and Kala Yavana was puzzled and followed Krishna who entered a Cave. Kala Yavana too entered thinking that Krishna was a schemy person and shoul be vary of his mischivous plans. The cave was pitch dark and there was no trace of Krishna. Suddenly the Yavana stumbled a human body and the latter growled with shouting anger. The latter when she came of age visited a forest once along with her companions and playfully prierced into a bush while amused about what she thought were glowing worms.

    But they were actually the eyes of a Muni named Chyavana performing Tapas with eyes wide open and in the process got blinded. The girl got confused when blood oozed out from the bush and ran away. The blinded Muni realised that a young princess did the indiscretion and gave a Shaap that the entire military force of the King should suffer with stoppage of their excretions. King Saryati along with Sukanya approached the Muni and prostrated to him seeking unreserved pardon; the King offered the young Sukanya to wed the old Muni so that she could serve the Muni in his blindness.

    In course of time, Sukanya got used to family life serving the blind Muni in his daily puja and other chores. One day, the two Ashvini Kumars who were the Physicians of Devas passed by the Ashram of Chyavana Muni and were highly impressed with the selfless and ideal service being performed by Sukanya as an example of Pativratya. Chyavana Muni made a request to Indra but he refused. King Nabhaga was refused of material wealth: The Planetary Heads-the Ashta Dikpalakas- were very pleased with the Yagna and granted enormous wealth.

    But when the wealth in the form of Bhumi, Rajya, gold, Dhanya, Dhana, and Vahanas was about to be accepted by the junior Nabhaga , a dark and short Swarupa with a frightful face and offensive tone objected to receive the wealth so granted to him. Indeed that dark and dreadful person was Lord Shiva himself chiding the junior Nabhaga who preferred material wealth to Spiritual Prosperity! But the Mantrik powers of the Sage, the daughter was converted as a boy named Pradyumna.

    As the latter became a King eventually, he went on a hunting spree to a forest and entered a prohibited area in the forest despite warnings; that was a very private area where Shiva-Parvati spent time together and the warning was that who ever entered there would become a woman. The Bhagavan bestowed a dispensation to the King that he would be a male for half year and a female for another half when she would be called Ila. During the woman- hood, Budha the son of Chandra Deva met Ila and their wedding resulted in the birth of King Pururava who was the foremost King in the Chandra Vamsha to be described later.

    Other famed Kings of the Surya Vamsha. King Vidurath discovered a huge cavity of Earth in a forest in his Kingdom. A Muni in the forest informed that there was a demon of Patala called Kujrumbha made several such cavities in the forest through which the demon entered and killed the passers by including animals. The Muni however cautioned the King that the demon had a potent weapon named Sunanda-a Mushala or a Mace which was originally built by Twashta Prajapati. He further told the King that the Mushala w On return to the Royal Court, the King consulted his Ministers and asked his sons to take large contingents of soldiers and kill thd demon after locating him.

    The demon destroyed the army and imprisoned the Princes. He also managed to abduct the Princess from the Fort and out of bravado stated that none could do any harm to him till he possessed Sunanda the Mace and thus forced her to marry him. But the Princess knew about the ineffectiveness of the Mace if touched by a woman. The King announced that whosoever could free the princess from the custody of the demon would be wedded to her. An intrepid youth named Vatsandra came forward and killed the demon, since the Mace was ineffective as it was already touched by the princess while being kidnapped.

    The princess and the youth got married happily. But those other aspirants who attended the function over powered Aveekshith and imprisoned him. The King then proceeded with the Swayamvara but Vaishali insisted on selecting Aveekshi only. Meanwhile the King Kardama the father of the imprisoned youth attacked Vidisha and freed; the Prince felt humiliated and decided not to wed Vaishali. The disappointed Princess declared that she would wed the Prince or none else!

    She retired to a hermitage in a forest and performed Tapasya. Devas were happy with her devotion and blessed her with the boon of begetting a famous son who would rule the whole Sapta Dwipas soon. Vaishali wondered that after all she vowed of celibacy excepting Aveekshith. Even while she was thinking about her vow, a demon called Dhrutakesha tried to kidnap Vaishali and a passing Prince Aveekshith fought the demon and saved the Princess.

    On mutual consent, the married as per the Gadharva way and gave birth to a celebrated son called Marut who indeed became the Supreme Sovereign of the Sapta Dwipas. The Yagnas were lavish glittered with gold and jewellery. Brahmanas who were proverbially poor full of family needs and unfulfilled desires were surfeit with Dhana-Dhanya-Vastu-Vahana- Kanakas or cash-foodgrains-material wealth-chariots, horses, elephants and other carriages.

    This information infuriated the Chakravarti and made elaborate preparations to attack Naga loka and destroy it all together. The Naga Kings were worried and tightened the behaviour of the miscreant elements in Naga loka and apologised to the Chakravati who was however adamant. They also approached Aveekshith for intervention and protection. Meanwhile, those miscreant serpents were rattled that due to their mischief the entire Naga Race faced the huge problem of destruction and by utilising the Mantra Shakti of the Naga experts revived the lives of the dead Brahmana Vidyarthis thus putting a lid on the controversial storm.

    Origin of Chandra,wedding, Shaapa, re-emergence and Stories of his Vamsha Maharshi Atri performed Tapasya for thousand Divya years and pushed up his virility and the magnificent deposit in the form of drops from his eyes spread out outstanding illumination in all over the ten directions. Realising the unique development, Brahma facilitated the emergence of Chandra Swarupa and provided to him a Chariot to traverses across the entire Universe.

    Brahma made him in-charge of Brahmanas and their activities. At the time of his Avabhruta Snaana or Sacred Bathing to mark the Grand Finale of the Yagna, Chandra was like a personification of humility and honesty. Brihaspati, other Devas and Brahma himself chided his nasty and immoral acivity to no avail. Brahma was impressed with Budha and thus appointed him as a fulfledged Graha or Planet. Budha performed great Tapasya to atone the sin of his parents. Budha fell in love with Ila, a beautiful young woman, little realising that she was actually the King Sudyumna a pious ruler of his Subjects.

    The King entered into a forest not knowing that it was a forbidden place as Shiva and Parvati spent their privacy and the ban was that any male entering there would become a female. Thus the King became a beautiful woman but due to shyness did not return to his kingdom.

    Meanwhile, Budha met Ila per chance and married her and begot a child called Pururava. Shiva granted a partial dispensation that Sudyumna would become a male for half a year and during the second half continue as Ila Devi. Meanwhile, Apsarasa Urvasi, a Celestial Damsel received a curse that she would have to leave to Earth for a fixed term and since she had the knowledge of youthful Kings in Bharata Desha she seduced Pururava and expressed her consent to marry him on three conditions viz. Mesmerised by her charm Pururava observed the conditions totally.

    But in course of time, her hold over him got somewhat diluted due to the urgent demands of governance. Urvasi got terribly upset as Pururava broke the contract on all the three counts and left him to return to Heaven. Pururava was fustrated as the pangs of seperation were so severe that in distress wandered aimlessly. By chance he saw Urvashi at Kurukshetra again and she explained to him that her wedding with him was of purely temporary nature and that he would have to get over his infatuation.

    Jahnu was in the lineage of Pururava whom Devi Ganga desired to marry; despite his disinterst as he wanted to marry Kaverti, she changed her course and flowed upto an Yagna Shaala where King Jahnu was performing a SarpaYagna. Jahnu was annoyed and drank her up. The Maharshis begged of Jahnu to release her as his daughter and the released Ganga thus secured the encomium as Jahnavi.

    Nahusha who was also in the lineage of Pururava had the distinction of peforming ninety nine Ashwamedha Yagnas and was nearly qualified to become Indra who should have executed hundred Yagnas. Brahma thus appointed Nahusha as temporary Indra. Nahusha insisted that Sachi Devi be his keep! Sachi Devi was non-plussed at this proposal. As advised by Deva Guru Brihaspati, she asked Nahusha to come to her residence but he should do so just as Indra was in the habit of arriving at her residence by a Palki Palanquin which actually was carried by Maharshis.

    Asgastya purposively misunderstood the word and converted the arrogant Nahusha as an Ajagara Python and dropped the latter to the depths of Bhuloka into thick forests. Yudhishtara had to arrive and release Bhima and Nahusha alike. Meanwhile Brihaspati and Agastya found that Indra was hiding in a lotus stem in Mana Sarovara Lake and brought him back and prayed to Brahma who exonerated Nahusha from the Brahma Hatya Sin on the ground that Vitra was no boubt a Brahmana but committed sins of killing several virtuous and innocent persons.

    Yayati, the son of Nahusha and his wife Viraja, was a famed Emperor who defeated all the Kings of the World and married Devayani the daughter of Asura Guru Shukracharya, besides Sharmishtha the daughter of Vishvaparva, a Rakshasa King. Indra was pleased to gift Yayati a Divine Chariot with seven powerful horses with which he traversed the world and divided his Empire into seven divisions to distribute it among five of his sons.

    A Maharshi gave a boon that if any of his sons could agree to exchange their youth to his old age then he could secure a fresh lease of youth. But finally returned discovering that the ephemeral joys of the world were endless like Agni in a Homa kunda assuming larger and larger proportions as long as ghee is served and no human would be satisfied with food, gold, ornaments or women.

    By so realising, he returned his youth to Puru and took to Vanaprastha or retirement. Kartaveeryarjuna in the Haihava Vamsha from the lineage of Yadu was an illustrious and powerful Chakravarti who pleased Indra and obtained thousand mighty hands. The origin of Haihava Vamsha was interesting: As Revanta reached Vaikuntha, Devi Lakshmi recognised the co-born horse and was engrossed in her thoughts even as she was in intimate conversation with Lord Vishnu.

    Lakshmi Devi requested her companion Parvati to persuade Vishnu to become a horse. Eka Vira fell in love with Princess Ekavali the daughter of King Raibhya but a demon Kalaketu kidnapped her and taken away to Patala; the companion of the Princess called Yasovati however knew a Seed Mantra which she learnt from Dattareya by means of which Eka Vira reached Patala, killed Kalaketu and married the Princess. The son of Eka Vira and Ekavali was Kartaveeryarjuna who became the famed and undisputed Chakravarti eventually.

    The Chakravarti was no doubt famed universally as he ruled with Dharma as his cardinal principle but in due course of time, he became too vainglorious and over-domineering. Indeed the curse took shape and Parashurama was born. As the King and his army landed at the Ashram, Jamadagni provided hospitality an served nice food to the King and the Army, thanks to the Celestial Cow Kamadhenu was present there in the Ashram serving food to the students of Jamadagni.

    The King claimed the Cow as the Ashram was in the control of the Kingdom. As an altercation between the Maharshi and the King followed, the King went back but sent his army to overpower the Maharshi and the Kamadhenu and in the encounted that followeed, Jamadagni was killed and the Celestial Cow flew off to Swarga. On return from Tapasya. Not satisfied still, Parashurama invaded the Kings of the nook and corner of Bharat in as many as tewnty one battles and uprooted the entire clan of Kshatriyas who all by that time earned the disrepute and hatred of the virtuous Subjects of the respective Kingdoms.

    All kinds of requests, and prayers failed and Ganesha refused entry to Bhargava Rama as Devi Parvati and Shiva were engaged in privacy. Finally, the latter lifted his Parashu axe and tried to force his entry; Ganesha lifted his trunk , looped Parashurama with it and encircled him round and round where by Bhargava visioned Sapta Dwipas, Sapta Parvatas, Sapta Samudras and Sapta Lokas viz. The resting parents of Ganesha were shocked as Kartikeya rushed and informed them. How did you do this to my son! Is this the Guru Dakshina that you thought fit to give your Guru! My son Ganesha has the power of destroying crores of cunning animals like you but was only playful with you; yet,you have only wantonly hurt himby breaking his tusk-not as an accident but with vengeance; you may know that he recieves the foremost worship all over the Universe!

    Meanwhile a Brahmana boy was visioned who actually was Vishnu who analysed the situation; indeed there was no justification of what Parashurama did to Ganesha but Parashurama was momentarily taken aback by folly as otherwise he was also like Ganesha or Skanda! Vishnu therefore pleaded being the Universal Parents might not read much into the happening. Vishnu also assauged the hurt feelings of Parvati and requested her not to impose personal angles into the unhappy situation; He further said that her son had Eight names viz.

    Parashurama pleaded mercy of Parvati since she was Jagan Mata or the Mother of Creation and begged of Ganesha for pardon of his indiscretion; Ganesha was graceful enough to agree of partial responsibility and the episode was closed happily. This led to the inevitable Avatara as the Preserver of the Universal Order. Following a curse given by Maharshi Durvasa, son of Sage Atri, to Indra as the latter ignored the Maharshi while passing by an elephant, Devi Lakshmi in the form of Rajya Lakshmi, deserted Indra Loka and the magnificence of Swarga vanished.

    The temptation to Danavas etc. As the churning started, innumerable of the proud Danavas who opted for the head of thousand faced Vasuki out of pride got perished due to the poisonous flames where as Devas were at the tail end. By the power of the three names of Vishnu, there would never be any hardship faced: As Hiranyaakasha, the mighty son of Devi Diti pulled up Bhu Devi and dragged her into the depths of the Ocean down deep into the netherland of Rasatala, Lord Vishnu assumed the incarnation of Maha Varaha and killed him.

    Since Devi Prithvi was about to sink but for his timely mercy, she was popularly called Madhavi or the Lord as Madhava. Even as Maha Varaha placed Bhu Devi as a mammoth ship on the endless water, Bhagavan made divisions of Sapta Dwipas and materialized the four Lokas afresh viz. He had declared that he should be worshipped in Temples and Yagnas be performed in his name! In course of time, he was blessed with a son named Prahlada and as the latter came of the tender age of a boy was sent to Gurukula where all the glories of Danavas were taught.

    But Prahlada was a staunch Vaishnava with supreme dedication to Narayana. When he returned from his early spell of Gurukula to his father, he stunned the latter when he was all praise for Vishnu and affirmed that Vishnu was the unique driving force of Universal Existence and that he was the Eternal, Timeless, Indestructible, All- Pervading, Omni Potent and Omni-scient Paramatma.

    Then Hiranyakashipu himself sought to tutor the boy by cajoling him, endearing him, self-praising his own achievements and so on. But, Prahlada never ever relented and continued to extol the virtues of Vishnu. No doubt, Devatas were overjoyed at the death of the Danava but were terrified to vision the unusual form of Nrisimha and prayed to him to cool down; they prayed to Devi Lakshmi to pacify the Lord who made efforts to pacify his anger; Prahlada who too was in shock was declared the King to revive Dharma again. But Lord Indra was dislodged from his throne and so were the various Devas.

    Kashyapa thus requested Vishnu to be born to the former and Aditi and by resorting the same kind of Maya, bestow his Throne and Indratwa to to Indra! Bhagavan agreed to be born to Aditi and Kashyapa as Vamana Avatar. Daithya Guru Shukracharya warned that this short man Vamana was a fake and was Bhagavan Vishnu himself. King Bali stated that if the Brahmachari was Vishnu himself, which other greater fortune there could be! Vamana then assumed a sky-high proportion of body and measured one foot as the entire Prithvi with land, Samudra, Parvat, Dwip, etc totalling fifty koti Yojanas kilo mtr.

    But the second foot still fell short of the required size of the second foot. Maharshi Jamadagni of Bhrugu Vamsha did Tapsya and pleased Surabhi the Celestial Cow and was extremely contented as the Holy Cow fulfilled all his desires and enjoyed a contented life. One day, Haihaya King Kartavirya happened to visit the Ashram of Jagadagni and was impressed with Surabhi as the Cow that could fulfil all desires and wished to take it away by force.

    The King grew angry and killed Jamadagni. Swayambhu Manu preformed Tapasya to Lord Vishnu for thousand years and when the latter appeared, Manu desired that he would like to have Vishnu as his son. Paritranaaya Sadhunaam Vinaasaaya cha Dushkrutaam, Dharma samsthaapanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yugey! I shall no doubt take human birth to revive Dharma and punish Evil from time to time. Kaikeshi also gave birth to Surpanakha and later on to the virtuous devotee of Narayana, Vibhishana.

    Dasaratha also married Sumitra and Kaikeyi. As the boys grew up, Rama and Lakshmana was one pair and Bharata and Shatrughna was another. Sage Vishvamitra derised that Rama and Lakshmana should protect one Yagna being organized by him on the banks of Ganga, sine there were always threats of Rakshasas to destroy Yagnas by pouring blood and such other foul material.

    Very reluctantly, Dasaratha allowed to let them go to protect the Yagna which apparently served many purposes as subtly planned by the Sage: As visualised the Sage, all these and many other events took place: One frightful day, demoness Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana and Kumbhakarna, arrived at the Parnashala and proposed to Rama.

    Lakshmana cut off her ears and nose and as retaliation two Rakshasas attacked Rama and Lakshmana and the latter killed the domons. Surpanakha approached Ravana who planned the arrtaction of the golden deer disguised as Maricha. Sita was tempted to secure the deer and Rama alone chased the Maya Mriga and killed the demon while the latter shouted loudly the name of Rama to mislead Sita and Lakshmana so that Lakshmana would leave Sita and Ravana could enter the scene.

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    Lakshmana drew a line around Panchavati with Mantras and asked Sita not to go beyond the line. Ravana arrived as a Muni and asked for alms and Sita wanted him to enter the line but Ravana did not and insisted Sita to come out. As soon as she came out, Ravana appeared in his original form and abducted her by his Pushpak Viman.

    As Rama and Lakshmana did not find Sita on their return, they frantically searched and the dying Jatayu conveyed that Sita was abducted by Ravana. Having performed obsequies to Jatayu, Rama and Lakshmana reached the Ashram of Devi Shabari a unique devotee of Shri Rama and treated the brothers with fruits and Rama gave her the boon of Vishnu Sayujya. Hanuman met Rama and Lakshmana and assured all kinds of assistance to Rama in finding Sita and eventually to destroy Ravana and his clan.

    He introduced the fugitive King of Kishkindha named Sugriva, raised confidence to Sugriva in killing his valiant brother Vaali who occupied his throne and after reoccupying his throne sent Hanuman to Lanka in search of Sita. Rama prayed to Samudra Deva the Deity of the Ocean to reduce the force of the violent tides and when Samudra Deva did not relent was even ready to punish the Deity. Samudra Deva the facilitated the construction of Rama Setu or the Bridge in the name of Rama across the Ocean; huge boulders were thrown into the Ocean with the name of Rama inscribed and the boulders floated enabling the construction of the Bridge.

    Meanwhile the younger brother of Ravana called Vibhishana, a staunch devotee of Lord Vishnu approached Rama for refuge and soon became a confidant of Rama about matters related to Ravana and his associates. Having crossed the Rama Setu, the gigantic and mighty Monkey Brigade commenced furious battle with the gallant Rakshasas. Meanwhile Kumbhakarna, another brother of Ravana who had a giant figure fought recklessly killing tens of thousands of Rama Sena, but finally fell down to the torrential rain-like arrows of Shri Rama. Indrajit attacked Lakshmana and made the latter unconscious when Hanuman brought Sanjeevini Mountain with medicinal shrubs got Lakshmana revived; in the fierce battle that followed, Rama and Lakshmana destroyed Indrajit.

    Then Ravana rode into the battle with his entire army of massive strength comprising elephants, horses, chariots and infantry and massacred Vanaras. Lord Shiva gave a boon to Ravana to let the smashed heads were revived again and again. Instantly, Devas who were visioning the proceedings from the Skies went into ecstasy showering rain of scented flowers on Rama; Indra, Brahma and Rudra were relieved; Gandharvas and Kinneras sang tuneful of lyrics of the Lord; Apsaras danced with immense joy; Sanaka and Sanandana brothers who gave a curse to Jaya and Vijaya the Dwarapaalakas of Vaikuntha as they were obstructed entry to vision Vishnu were satisfied that out of three births the first human birth was completed; Maharshis and Siddhas recited Vedas and Scriptures as also hymns extolling Shri Rama.

    Rama then appointed Vibhishana as the King of Lanka and blessed him and his progeny to rule till the next Pralaya! Besides installing Vibhishana as the King, Indra and Devas too were bestowed with their lost glories denied to them for long due to the much- hated Ravana and his clan. As the Vimana touched the ground, there was a high moment of emotional meeting of Rama and Bharata. As advance notice was sent, the entire City of Ayodyha prepared itself with festivities and colourful receptions with joyous singing and ecstatic dances to welcome the Maryada Purusha Shri Rama, Maha Sadhvi Sita, the illustrious brothers Lakshmana and Bharata.

    With the Pushpak Viman descending down, the entire population of Ayodhyapuri went rapturous rendering high-pitched slogans viz.: The high tides of humanity who suppressed their emotions during his absence of for fourteen long years were surcharged with passions and inexplicable hilarity. She stooped her head down in shame and could not utter one word out of remorse and anguish. From there, Shri Rama accompanied by Sita and Lakshmana visited Devi Sumitra and Shatrughna and postrated to her too; she expressed overflowing grief and relief and profusely thanked Rama for his highest consideration for her son Lakshmana.

    Further on both Rama and Sita entered the Chamber of Devi Kaushalya who swooned first for some time and after recovery embraced the son and daughter-in-law and declared that Sadhvi Sita was the finest example of womanhood for ever! Sadhus and Sages were happy as never before, none resorted to foul means of any kind, women folk had no difficulties and they too observed the regulations as Pativratas; Sacred Activities like Yagnas, Vratas, Punya Karyas, Tirtha Yatras, Daanas, Dhyanas, and Veda Pathanas were in full swing. This was the time when Rama intensified the strictness of his administration in the Kingdom.

    Ravan, Kumbhakarna and Vibhishana were the sons of Kaikasi. Kaikasi was jealous of Mandakini and so were Ravana and Kumbhakarna against Kubera. This prompted Ravana brothers to peform Tapasya, although Vibhishana did the meditation for noble reasons. Although Ravana and Kumbhakarna were Brahmanas, they took to the habits of Rakshasas, while they suffered Vibhishana who was virtuous and devoted.

    But as the evil actions of Ravana and Kumbhakarna were reaching a point of no return, Devas and Indra reached Brahma for help and along with Rudra they all approached Lord Vishnu. The declaration also stated that Rama and Lakshmana would completely destroy Ravana and Kumbhakarna as well as their offsping and instal Vibhishana as the King of Lanka in a completely new set up following Dharma and Justice. This was the retrospect of the demolition of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and others of the Clan. Agastya told Rama that he was the incarnation of Vishnu who was the Kartha Originator , Palak Preserver and Samharak Destroyer and Devi Sita was Maha Vidya Herself and the extreme evil exercised by Ravana gave relief to the world and as such what Rama did was laudable but not regretful.

    Thus the inspiration to perform the Yagna came forth from Agastya Muni. As a first step, a suitable, sturdy and steady horse was selected with excellent features. The Procession with the Yagnashva in the lead moved on with instruction from Shri Rama that the course of the Ashwa should not be conducted as the horse would move freely. The first halt was at the Avicchtra Nagari where there was a noted Temple of Devi Kamakshi who appeared before King Samuda performing Tapasya and gave the boon of invincibility; she also asked the King to offer his entire Kingdom and riches to Shatrughna as he would pass through the Nagari along with the horse of Ashvamedha Yagna to be conducted Shri Rama of Surya Vamsha and the killer of Ravanasura.

    Accordingly, Shatrughna was given all kinds of honours by King Samuda. Out of fun, Sukanya nearing a bush pierced with a piece of wood into perhaps a couple of glittering worms, but got alarmed when blood spilt out and there were trebles of Earth and lightenings. She ran and informed her father who was resting on the river banks about the incident. The King went up to the bush and found to his horror that Sunanya did not pierce the lighting worms but the eyes of a Sage engrossed in Tapasya, causing him to blindness.

    The King apologised profusely and offered his teen age daughter to the sick and aged Sage in wedding as a compensation. They reached Ratnaathata Nagar where King Vimal who became extremely excited and organised refreshments to the entire entourage. He also made a symbolic dedication of is Kingdom to Shri Rama and gave away valuable gifts to Shatrughna and others. King Vimal narrated an unsual story about the incidents which happened in the past about the Neelachala Mountain.

    He quoted a Brahmana visiting the Neelachala Mountain and found outside the Purushottama Temple there were a few Tirtha Yatris who possessed four hands armed with Gada, Chakra, Saranga and a lotus. When the children were asked by the Kirata, they said that a few morsels of Maha Prasada which fell on the ground were eaten, they came out with the Chaturbhujas!

    From Neelachala, the Yagnashva halted at Chakranga Nagar ruled by King Subahu, where Prince Daman felt that the manner the Ashwamegha was publicised all over the World smacked of pride and ego and ordered his Senapati to keep his army ready to fight. On behalf of Shatrughna, Raja Pratapagna shouted that the Yagnaashva disappeared and Prince Daman replied that he had kept the horse and if possible might get it back after a fight! A battle ensued and Raja Pratapagna was defeated by Daman. Shatrughna wondered as to who was this imp of a Raja Kumar called Daman who did considerable damage to elephants, horses and chariots and felled on ground the capable Raja Pratappagna wounded with blood!

    Price Pushkala the son of Bharata was so angry that he swore to control or kill Daman. A fierce battle took place and finally Pushkala defeated Daman Kumar whose body was profusely bleeding and his horse took back to the Court of King Subahu. Shatrughna knew the seriousness of the situation as a minor scuffle restricted to Daman and Pushkala had snow-balled into a full-fledged battle with military offensives and complicated battle designs. He addressed the Shri Rama Sena and exhorted its warriors that the situation was such that had to be faced with alertness, valour and brain power to be able to break the Krouncha Vyuha.

    Raja Lakshminidhi the son of King Janaka took a vow that he would face Suketu and destroy the Vyuha designed by the latter in no time. There was a one-to-one battle as both were equally worked up and it continued for long time with ups and downs. In the battle that continued, Pushkala killed Chitranga. Subahu was extremely upset with the killings of his brother and son and became most desperate to kill thousands of warriors, elephants, horses and foot-soldiers and finally challenged Shatrughna. Hanuman who was providing cover to Shatrughna as he was in the defensive position and received showers of arrows of King Subahu which hurt Hanuman.

    The highly enraged Hanuman kicked King Subahu on his chest by his powerful feet and grounded him. Having realised his folly, he made desperate shouts to Daman, Suketu and Vichitra saying that Shri Rama was none else but Bhagavan Vishnu and the battle should end forthwith. The Rakshasa Brothers succeeded in hiding the horse. Bharat Kumar Pushkal made a deadly declaration that if he did not return with theYagashwa, then he should be deemed a fictitious devotee of Shri Rama. Hanuman too took a similar vow. Other warriors too took vows and Shatrugna was not far behind.

    Meanwhile the Rakshasa Brothers shouted: Hanuman witnessed that Bharat Kumar Pushkal was in risk and instantly expanded his body to pull down the Rakshasa occupants of the Viman, especially Ugradamshtra and hurled a hot Trishul on the Rakshasa, who in turn used his Maya to bring in a complete cover of darkness in which it was difficult to perceive who was a companion and who was an opponent. Witnessing these fast developments, Shatrughna took the name of Shri Rama and slashed the Cover of Maya that Ugradamshtra brought in by one arrow and with another quick arrow of Sammohanastra on the battle field.

    By yet another arrow, he brought down the Viman from where Ugradamshtra was fighting. Then Suman introduced Shatrughna, Bharat Kumar, Hanuman and others and the Sage was thrilled to see them all and re- emphasised that there was no other Deity like Shri Rama and no there bhajan better than his.

    The Yagnashva reached the beautiful and properous Devapura at Vindhyas where even building walls were made of precious stones and the King Veeramani was an extraordinary devotee of Bhagavan Shiva. The elder Prince Rukmanga arrested the Yagnashwa and brought it to the Capital but since he came to know that the horse belonged to Shri Rama in connection with a Yagna, the King was hesitant to approve the action.

    Nor Shiva, who was prayed to by the King; the latter said that since the the action was already taken, it would not be in tune with Kshatriya Dharma to take a retreat step. By way of assurance, Shiva too resolved to fight with Lord Rama, since Shiva as a devotee of Sri Rama had as much responsibility to the King who also was a great devotee of Shiva. Thus a vicious circle got into motion. Meanwhile, Brahmarshi Narada alerted all concerned ie. The opening duel was of Rukmanga and Pushkal.

    King Veeramani was alarmed with fury approaching Pushkala and as a chain reaction Hanuman sought to reach Pushkala for rescue but Pushkala became over confident and prevented Hanuman and asked the latter to help Shatrughna instead. There was a one-to-one battle between Pushkala and Veeramani and by using a mighty arrow in the name of Shri Rama made Veeramani unconscious.

    Surprisingly, Bhagavan Shiva himself entered the battle field at this juncture as King Veeramani the unique devotee of Shiva fell unconscious! Shiva instructed Veerabhadra to help Veeramani and Nandi to control Hanuman. Hanuman addressed Bhagavan Shiva saying that quite often, Shiva was confirming his devotion to Vishnu and his Avatar Shri Rama, but it was surprising that this time he was fighting against Shri Rama!

    Basically both were two entities of the Paramatma! Then Hanuman asked Bhagavan Shankara for granting boons to let all the persons who died in this battle be resuscitated. Shri Rama made his presence at the battle field when Shiva prostrated; Shatrughna, Hanuman and all the rest were highly surprised and the persons who were declared dead in the battle came back alive and all were happpy.

    Shri Rama then explained to one and all that the Dharma of Deities was to safeguard the interests of their Bhaktas and what Shiva did in defending King Veeramani and his side was the best that he had done; that his heart was full of Shiva and vice-versa and those thought other wise would be dispatched to Kumbhapaka Naraka! The soldiers accompanying the horse ignored the two boys who tied the horse out of child play and started untying the horse and instantly, the hands of the soldiers were severed as they ran to Shatrughna to inform the incident.

    Understandably, Shatrughna grew angry but felt that the boys who did this might not be ordinary but might have perhaps been Devatas at the behest of Indra! Thus he ordered his Senapati Kaalajit to quickly alert the Army for a full-fledged battle. Shatrughna asked Pushkal to take a big Army and proceed against the boy Lava. Hanuman who was nearby took the body of Pushkala to Shatrughna who instructed Hanuman to kill Lava mercilessly.

    The highly charged Hanuman hurled huge trees and boulders and Lava cut them to pieces as a sport. By the severity and swiftness with which poisonous arrows were flinged at Hanuman, the latter could not control himself even as the gigantic body that he assumed fell flat on the ground! The highly puzzled Shatrughna wondered as to who these two boys were who felled the Most Valiant Hanuman himself!

    As he drove the Golden Chariot towards the boys, he felt that their resemblance with Shri Ram was so striking that he asked them as to who they were and what their parentage was. The boys gave a stiff reply that it was not essential to know such details since their horse was captured by them and let him try if he could retrieve it. In the course of the battle, Shatrughna was stunned and stumbled as he had to quickly change his bows that were broken and the chariots that were destroyed and was finally knock down with unconsciousness.

    In reply, Shatrughna took a vow in the name of Shri Rama and rleased an arrow but the desperate Kusha took the vow on his Mother Devi Sita and retaliated. Shatrughna fell unconscious again. Sugreeva took over the position of Commander in Chief and fought with Kusha as also with Lava who recovered again by then. Sugreeva too fell down and Lava and Kusha tied both Sugreeva and Hanuman and carried them to Devi Sita who was aghast to witness the Maha Viras in that condition.

    The boys relented to her instruction to release them but as per Kshatriya Dharma they would have to return to the Battle Field. On releasing both Hanuman and Sugreeva, Devi Sita came to know that Shatrughna was lying unconscious. Devi Sita then remembered Shri Rama and addressed Surya Deva that if she were to be a true Pativrata, Shatrughna should be revived and not only that who ever lost their lives in the Battle should be also revived! Indeed her wish was fullfilled and all was well.

    But Shri Rama was more curious to learn more about the valour of Lava and Kusha. She agreed however to send Lava and Kusha after Sage Valmiki trained the boys to sing a ballad before Shri Rama and others. Shri Rama was overwhelmed with emotions at the ballad sung by the the twins, his pride to have secured such illustrious twins and the remorse to have abandoned Sadhvi Sita. He narrated how Devi Sita was fortunately seen by him in the forest that Lakshmana abandoned her; her transfer to hisAshram and her continuous grief, the birth of Lava and Kusha, his upbringing with considerable training in Dhanur Veda, Fine Arts, and what all was required by an ideal Kshatriya and a King including the nuances of Administration, Yoga and Siddhis and an exemplary human being worthy of the sons of a Maryada Purusha.

    As Lakshmana reached the Ashram and requested Devi Sita, she asked him as to how could she return to Ayodhya having been humiliated and discarded with baseless allegations. Lakshman narrated most convincingly as to what all happened at Ayodhya, how the Twins sang Ramayana and the spontaneous reactions and glorious comments about Devi Sita from the Maharshis, Devas and Loka Palakas as reported by Sage Valmiki.

    He prostrated before her and requested her to visit Ayodhya. The Ashvamedha Yagna concluded with the display of the pride of Surya Vamsha, the unreserved gaiety of the Praja of Rama Rajya, the relentless recitals of Veda Mantras by the Maharshis, the blessings of Brahma and Maha Deva; the showers of flowers from the heavens by Indra, Loka Palakas, Pancha Bhutas and Devas; the joyous singing of Gandarvas and the celestial dances of Apsaras. After the successful completion of Ashvamedha Yagna, Shri Rama continued his normal routine of observing celibacy and administration.

    Shatrughna killed Lavanaura and ruled Madhurapuri; Bharat administered both the banks of River Sindhu and controlled Gandharvas; Lakshman conquered Madra desha, installed his sons as the Kings and returned to Rama for providing service to him. Immediately, there was an Earth-quake and Sita entered into a huge cleavage. One day, an old Tapasvi came to see Shri Ram and told him that none should enter his Chamber while he was giving an important message from Lord Brahma in secrecy.

    Shri Rama called Lakshmana and instructed that none should be allowed to enter as long as he was conversing with the Tapasvi and otherwise that person should be punishable with death. Lakshman himself stood at the door and ensured that none would disturb. The Tapasvi conveyed that since the death of Ravana, Kumbhakarna and other demons Rama was to live for eleven thousand years and that it was time for Rama to leave Earth and return to Vaikuntha.

    While this secret conversation was going on, Durvasa Maharshi arrived and wished to meet Shri Rama, but Lakshmana declined entry stating that a representative of Brahma was in an important conversation and that he could not see Shri Rama then. Durvasa grew angry and threatened Lakshmana with a severe curse if he did not permit entry.

    Shatrughna performed the coronatation of his sons at Ayodhya. The rest of them said that they would not like to stay back on Earth in the abscence of Rama even for a moment. But Rama asked Vibhishana to continue in power at Lanka for long time and instructed Hanuman to continue on Earth forever to sustain the message of Shi Rama. Bharat, Shatrughna, and all the citizens of Ayodhya along with their wives, Mantris, Servants, Vedikas, Brahmanas, the nearby animals, birds, and all other Beings who accompanied Shri Rama never looked back.

    Devi Bhumi was unable to the bear the brunt of such Evil Forces and made a reverential appeal to all the Devas and through them to Brahma Deva and the latter made a powerful appeal to Bhagvan Vishnu to save the Earth which was being crushed by extraordinary pressure on account of the Evil. Now, the game plan that Vishnu explained to Yogamaya was as follows: Bhagavan blessed Yogamaya to undertake the deeds assigned and Indra would take her as his own sister; she would kill a number of Rakshasaas like Shumbha and Nishumbha; she would be known as Bhuti, Sannati, Kshaanti, Kaanti, Akasha, Prithwi, Dhruti, Lajja, Pushti, Usha and various other Shaktis in the Universe.

    As per the plan indicated by Bhagavan Vishnu, he was born to Devaki Devi and along with Vasudeva gave his appearance in his full glorious form with four hands armed with Shankha-Chakra-Saranga and Gada for a while before taking the form of a boy; the violent winds sweeping Mathura herebefore bacame cool and calm by the midnight hour; Gandharvas sang tuneful hymns; Devatas showered celestial flowers from the heavens; clouds made lightenings and mild thunders from the sky; Vasudeva transferred the child to Gokula into the house of Yashoda and Nanda wading across the River Yamuna making way during the rain while Sesha Naga provided cover; and Vasudeva brought the female child Yogamaya from the bed of Yashoda who was unconscious back to the prison in Mathura.

    Kamsa reached the prison and despite the wailing protests of his sister sought to toss the child against a stone as he did to seven other babies in the past, but the child flew from his hands and appeared on the sky as a Mayashakti with eight hands and shouted at Kamsa: What is the use of your wasted breath in trying to toss me; your death would take place with certainty soon as the incarnation of Vishnu has already been born and would kill you again as you were the Kalanemi Daitya in your previous birth; so better plan soon to save your skin!

    Having said, Devi Maha Maya disappeared. Kamsa then thought that there was no point in keeping Devaki and Vasudeva in prison and called for an urgent conference of his Daitya Allies like Keshini, Dhenuka, Putana, Arishta and others to chalk out an action plan to the Boy was was born and addressed them as follows: Had Indra forgotten the recent incident of his trial to stop rains in our Kingdoms and we forced the clouds to burst out and we had plentiful of rains and crops!

    I feel sorry for the desperation with which the Devas are once again trying to challengey us; it is highly amusing that they desire to kill me! In any case we have to be alert any way and double up our efforts! In right earnest, the efforts of the Daityas to demolish Krishna even as a toddler were planned and executed; Kamsa first despatched Mayavi Putana in disguise as a pretty woman to breast-feed poisonous milk to Krishna but quite playfully Krishna bit her nipple as she was instantly killed; the entire Gokula was aghast as to how the Toddler had a miraculous escape and Nanda prayed to Bhagavan to save the child from all kinds of mishaps saying: One day Madhusudana was kept under a Shakata Cart in the backyard of their house and the child apparently cried for milk and threw up his legs while lying down and the cart was pushed up and got broken into pieces; the children around witnessed that the child did threw up the cart with his feet!

    The parents wondered as to how a child could do it! After a few days Gargaachaarya performed Namakarana; the younger one as Krishna and the elder as Balarama. In course of time, the boys were able to crawl and disappear amid the flock of cattle and apply cow dung on their bodies; both Yashoda and Rohini were fed up and tied to a heavy stone used for pounding grains which was kept in between two huge Yamalarjuna Trees in the backyard and got busy with their houshold chores.

    Suddenly, there were heavy sounds as the two huge trees fell down and the neighbours witnessed that two Celesitial Beings emerged from the trees and flew away! Krishna was called Damodara as there was a scar around his waist due to the black mark of the rope with which Yashoda tied Krishna to the heavy stone. As queer incidents like the killing of Putana, lifting of cart, sudden sand storm and uprooting of huge trees were happening, Nanda desired to shift to Brindavana from Gokula and made the entire population agree to the arrangement.

    One day, Krishna went with his friends without Balarama and while wandering came across a frightful water body known as the place in which Kaliya Serpent and its family stayed; the companions of Krishna suggested that the particular pond should be avioded as the water in it was highly poisonous as thirsty human beings, cattle and even birds would die instantly. But Krishna never heeded the warnings and from a tree top on the banks of the pond dived into it even with full awareness that the tree was burnt due to the poisonous flames that emitted from the pond.

    Gopala Ganas raised a hue and cry and informed one and all in Brindavan and the entire public got collected around the lake. Nanda Kumar wasa lost in dismay while Yashoda and quite a few Gopikas were readying to leap into the water, but Balarama cooled down the agitated relatives and the public stating that Krishna was not an ordinary human being and that he was Bhagavan Vishnu himself; he conveyed to Krishna as follows: Are you not aware that you are Ananta; and if so why are you displaying the Manava Bhaava or the characteristics of human beings!

    You are yourself the ultimate refuge of the Universe as its Creator- Presever-Terminator just as the axis of a wheel and its spokes! You have assumed human form to demolish the Evil Forces and lighten the burden on Earth. It is time that you discard this childishness and human features and quickly control the poisonous teeth of the cruel serpent once for all! The humiliated Kalia realised the magnificence of Krishna and extolled him stating: Then Krishna instructed Kaliya and his large family to leave the pond at once and assured that his formidable enemy Garudmaan would recognise his footprints and let them pass to reach the Sea in which they could reside fearlesly for long time.

    After the Kaliya incident, there were the exterminations of Dhenukasura who entered the group of cows which Krishna took out along with Balarama and other Gopas as also of Pralambasura who quietly joined the Gopas and participated in a game of carrying on his back the elder brother Balarama and flying him away but the latter suppressed the Asura by his ever increasing body weight and finally the Asura collapsed to death.

    There were quite a few other killings by Krishna of many Asuras in an exercise of lightening the evil forces on Earth; Vrishabasura was externinated, Daitya Keshi was despatched to hell and scores of other Daityas were slaughterd. During the times that followed, the Gopikas of Vraja displayed intense attachment and infatuation for Krishna that culminated in Raasa-leelas or ecstatic dances in groups in which there were as many Krishnas as Gopikas on one to one count besides a Unique Krishna belonging to one and all!

    Devarshi Narada then felt that the time was reap enough to provoke and destroy the major villian Kamsa and made a friendly call to the King. He conveyed to Kamsa the various deeds of Krishna and Balarama who now entered the teens and that it might be a good idea to invite them to Mathura to meet their parents and celebrate their trip to Mathura.

    Kamsa day-dreamt that after killing Balarama Krishnas followed by those of Nanda and Vasudeva and his foolish and timid father Ugrasena now in prison, he would annexe Gokula-Brindavan easily and enjoy the property of cows and grains! Akrura left for Brindavana and invited Krishna-Balarama to Mathura to attend the Yagna and Celebrations; their parents were grieved; Vrajavaasis were saddened; Gopaas were upset; Gopikas were alarmed at the absence.

    Their first encounter was with a Rajaka or Washerman who happened to be from the Royal Palace of King Kamsa; as the brothers were attracted to the colourful dresses, they asked the Rajaka to give them a few nice dresses but the haughty washerman talked rudely and arrogantly which provoked Krishna to beat him and pulled him down on the ground and helped themselves a few dresses of their choice.

    A little ahead, another person kept on staring at the boys and asked them nicely as to where were they coming from; he said that he was a Maali or a flower seller and invited them to his home nearby and offered them nice flower garlands; Krishna was pleased at his pleasant conduct and gave him the boon that all along his life, the Maali would be happy, prosperous and well-contented! The next encounter was with a Kubja or a short and deformed girl and Krishna asked her as to where was she going and what was she carrying; as she said she was carrying Gandha or sandal wood paste, Krishna wished to provide the fragrant paste to him and in turn, he lifted up by her chin and straightened her up by pressing her feet and she was made straight and shapely at once!

    Inside the Yaga shaala there was a massive Deva Dhanush and Krishna broke it playfully as the thundering sound was heard all over; as he heard this huge sound, Kamsa realised that the boys had arrived and that they would have broken the Dhanush! He called Chanura and Mushtika and said that the next evening Krishna and Balarama would invite at the Yaaga Shaala to a friendly wrestling and that they should somehow kill them by giving an impression to the Public that the killing was accidental.

    Next evening the boys arrived at the Yaga Shaala to participate the Royal Celebrations and the Trainer of a huge rouge elephant called Kuvalkayapeeda readied the animal to lift up the boys at the Entrance Gate and trample them; Krishna-Balaramas on arrival understood the intention of the elephant and as it lifted them up they landed on its back and pounded it with their fists, twisted its tail and trunk and felled the animal down with a thud and it breathed its last.

    The entire audience especially the Yadavas cheered up the boys with resounding applause and the men and women in the Sports Arena loudly chattered about the ecscapades of the Boys ever since their arrival at Mathura including their encounters with the Rajaka, Maali, Kubja, Dhanush and the Rougue Elephant; they kept on discussing about his miracle acts of killing various Asuras, lifting Govardhana Mountain and the juicy tales of Raasa Leelaas!

    Meanwhile Kamsa announced that the duo of Krishna an Balarama would participate in friendly wrestling matches with the fearful wrestlers like Chanura and Mushtika. The wrestling bouts looked funny and comical in the beginning but as Chanura and Mushtika looked serious, the atmosphere became tense and as the tiny boys were lifted by the mountain-like professionals, the instrumental music in the theatre stopped and every one in the audience were holding their breath. Balarama shouted to Govinda: Victory be with you Krishna!

    Kill Chanura at once! Krishna then took full control of another Malla Raja called Toshkala and both the brothers surrounded him and simultaneously punched and whacked him and that colossal wrestler too went the same way to death; the pack of other werestlers in the arena ran for their lives and there were such shouts and hoots from the audience cheering and acclaiming Krishna and Balarama with victory. As there was ruckus and uproar in the Hall, Yadavas went wild with ecstacy and other citizens of Mathura too were confident that the last hour of the tyrant King Kamsa had arrived.

    Then Krishna and Balarama prostrated before Vasudeva and Devaki who were also in the audience and the latter embraced the dear sons with affection on one hand and unlimited devotion on the other. Vasudeva addressed Krishna as follows: Be kind to us; the benediction bestowed by you to Devataas that you would be born to us was amply fulfilled.

    You had recognised my worship and were born in our household to destroy evil forces on Earth and indeed my Vamsha had since been purified! Sandipa Muni realised that such impossible and para-human abilities were displayed by Krishna-Balaramaas as though Surya and Chandra were their pupils in his house! After their studies, Krishna and Balarama offered Guru Dakshina and the Muni wailed for their son dead in the Ocean at Prabhasa as he was devoured by a Demon Panchajanya who had the shape of a conch shell.

    There after they visited Uddhava, their childhood friend and nephew, requested him to visit the Vraja places and meet their parents and well wishers as also the Gopikas and narrate to them an account of their activities at Mathura. Uddhava on reaching the Places met them all, and narrated the happenings. He returned back, after an emotional and tearful send-off with return messages from all of them, especially Gopikas.

    With a huge army under him, Jaraasandha attacked Mathura with some twenty three Akshouhinis of infantry, cavalry and elephantry and challenged Krishna and Balarama. Indeed he returned back again and again, getting routed for seventeen times. When Jarasandha was expected to attack for the eighteenth time, — his allies viz. Yavanas, the Mleccha foreign forces- headed by Kalayavana attacked Mathura with thirty million barbarian soldiers of desperation and cruelty.

    Thus they planned to build a new place, named Dwaraka with twelve Gates and asked Visvakarma, the Architect of Devatas who created a beautiful and well structured fortress City touching the Western Sea. By means of His mystic Yoga Maya Power of Illusion , the Citizens of Mathura got transferred, lock-stock and barrel-overnight to Dwaraka and found themselves in luxurious palaces. Even as Balarama was defending Mathura, Krishna attracted the attention of Kalayavana, passing singly by foot, by the Main Gate of Mathura.

    Kalayavana followed Krishna closely but always unreachable with some distance apart and led the Mlechha into a mountain cave. He was the defender of Demi-Gods from Daityas for long but since Lord Kartikeya became the Commander of Demi- Gods, the latter relieved Muchukunda of his duties and Kartikeya advised him of retirement and since then he was sleeping in the cave, unaware of hundreds of years passed by!

    You are indeed the last and total shield against humanity: Muchukunda exited from the cave into a World transformed from what he knew and realised that Kali Yuga was on the anvil, as the size of humans, animals, birds and trees was reduced considerably. He proceeded to Gandhamadana mountain and reached Nara-Narayana Ashram and meditated for the rest his life. Meanwhile, Krishna and Balarama found Mathura under the seige of Yavanas but with their Chief Kalayavana was found missing, they were shattered by a handful of Yadava soldiers and of course by Krishna and Balarama.