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Table of contents
His debut as filmmaker was with a 16 mm vignette of the turtle crossing the road in The Grapes of Wrath, shot from the turtle's point of view. Young directed many documentaries and his first theatrical feature Nothing but a Man , directed by Michael Roemer, a moving portrait of an African American railroad worker trying to live his life in dignity amid racial prejudice.
The film won two major prizes at the Venice Film Festival. In , Young was granted a Guggenheim fellowship, which allowed him to write his directorial film debut, Alambrista! Nick se queda con ellos. La presencia de Nick despierta en ambos su necesidad de vivir, esa que habIa quedado dormida en su matrimonio. Betty ha sido atrapada por este apasionado juego amoroso y se da cuenta de que no puede seguir viviendo sin Nick. Pero este, molesto entre Joe y Betty, sabe que debiera itse. La apuesta subre cuando Danny regresa inesperadamente, con so esposa Amy y su joven hijo Peter. Al encontrar a Nick en su cuarto, sospecha lo que ocurre entre este y su madre.
Se pone violento con Amy y Nick, atrapado en ci conflicto, termina por ayudar a Amy a escapar. Mientras tanto, Betty y Nick conrindan empujando hasta ci lImite su sexualidad. When Nick, a young drifter on the run from the cops, touches down in a small Jersey City fish store owned by a married couple, Joe and Betty, they give him a job and a room that once belonged to Danny, their son who's trying to make it as a stand-up comic in Hollywood.
Joe, resistant at first, introduces Nick to the rigors of the Fulton Fish Market and the skill of shad-boning. Nick, a natural and eager student, wins Joe over As the men work. Betty works in the store as her husband's partner, but in moments of reflection, she longs for more. Nick's presence soon sparks in both Joe and Betty a hunger for life that has long been dormant in their marriage. When Joe has an opportunity to sell the store, Nick, urged by Betty, convinces him that this is the big chance he's been waiting for -to pursue his dream of owning his own fishing boat and moving to Florida— where Nick will be his "first mate".
But then, in spite of his feelings for Joe, Nick is unable to conquer his powerful attraction for Betty, and they become lovers. Betty, caught up in their dangerous and passionate lovemaking, realizes she can't go back to a life without Nick. Nick, torn between Joe and Betty, knows he should leave, but he's too emotionally entangled.
The stakes get higher when Danny comes home unexpectedly with his wife Amy and their young son Peter Finding Nick in his room, Danny instantly suspects what's going on between Nick and his mother Inflamed with jealousy and enraged by his displacement, Danny soon comes to believe that Nick, the "thief" who stole his parents, is also stealing his wife. He becomes abusive to Amy, and Nick, drawn into their struggle, helps Amy escape. As Betty and Nick continue to push the limits of their sexually charged affair, it's Danny who pushes things over the edge.
Cavafy lannis Smaragdis Cavafy Yann is 1 sitsopoulos. Cavafy es SO tercer largometraje. He studied directing and communications in Paris and was in charge of some films concerning the science of communication and cinema, for Greek schools and universities, spending a good part of his time teaching. He has written about communications from the cinema point of view.
Cavafy is his third feature film. La vida del poeta en Alejandria y sus viajes por Grecia y a Constantinopla, le permiten aproximarse a la sensualidad de las culturas antiguas, y de transitar una existencia plena de pasiones y pulsiones erbticas. The emotional discovery of Constantino Cavafy and his evolution until he reaches the highest levels of poetic expression. The life of the poet in Alexandria and his travels around Greece and to Constantinople, allow him an approach to sensualtiy and antique cultures.
The lyrical expression of his passion for youths goes beyond all false modesty, he became a transgressor of the puritanism. His sexual inclination, idealized within the purest, classic tradition, is a decisive factor in the inspiration for his sublime poetry. Monctezuma Esparza y Robert Katz. BiografIa Marcos Zurinaga es un director, guionisra, productor y director de fotografla que ha trabajado con largomerrajes, y documentales sobre temas de la vida social y polIrica. En el campo de los largometrajes, su filmografIa incluye La gran fiesta, con E.
Marcos Zurinaga is an award winning director, writer, producer and director of photography whose range of work covers feature films, and documentaries dealing with social and political issues. During the s he worked in New York and Puerto Rico directing and photographing documentaries. Alicia Alonso y El Ballet nacional de Cuba, is an example. Zurinaga s experience includes La gran fiesta, with E.
Zurinaga has dedicated over 20 years to directing, photographing and producing commercials for international markets. He has become well known for his unique ability to combine live action with intrincate special effects. Sinopsis Un profesor de literatura oriundo de Granada, que tras aflos de exilio, regresa a su tierra natal para investigar la vida y la obra del poeta Federico Garcia Lorca, termina complicado en una trama que, en realidad, tiene que ver con las raices de la muerte del autor de Yerma y La Casa de Bernarda Alba.
A literature professor born in Granada —Spain— after years of exile, returns home to study the life and work of the poet Federico Garcia Lorca, and is caught in a plot which shows the roots of the death of the author of Yerma and La casa de Bernarda Alba. The literary investigator, surrounded by the dark official history of his country, becomes a private-eye of events of the past that lead up to the triumph of Francisco Franco.
Ding Gong Xi Gong Zhang YuanlQuelqu'un d'Autre Productions. Wang Xiabobo, Zhang Yuan. Wu Gang, Shen Jianquin. Christophe Jung, Christophe Menager. Si Han, Hu Jun. Se graduo como maestro de Artes en cinemarografia en hi Academia de Cine de Beijing en In , Zhang produced and directed his first feature film,. Mama, which tells the story of young, single mother and her retarded son. In Zhang produced and directed a long documentary. The following year he produced and directed Sons, the story of royal family in Beijing.
Zhang is also an active MTV producer and director, and was selected by Time magazine in as one of the hundred young world leaders for the next century. Zhang also adapted Behind the Forbidden City for the stage, and thus embarked on a new career as a dramatist. Lan, un escritor joven y sensible, es apresado en ci parque. El interrogatorio de Lan se transforma, rapidamente, en una excusa apara recordar su tumultuosa vida: Behind the 'Forbidden City", the street urinals of a public park have become the favoured meeting spot for homosexuals of the Chinese capital.
Lan, a sensitive young writer, likes strolling in the park. During a police raid, he finds himself at the police station subject to a "by the book" interrogation. The questioning of Lan quickly becomes an unexpected reminiscence of his tumultuous life: And then, a slow drift into the quest for true love. These brief intimate glimpses of Lan's life blur the interrogating officer's feelings for the prisioner. A strange love story unfolds.
Carlos Faruolo, Ray Gillon. Tras estudiar periodismo y abogacia se inscribe en la Escuela Oficial de CinematografIa en Por su segunda pelIcula, El crimen de Cuenca, se vio envuelta en una violenta crisis pi. Pilar MirO was born in Madrid in After studying law and journalism, she enrolled in the Government Film School in Her second picture, El crimen de Cuenca, caused a violent public crisis over the alleged offense it caused a Spanish military institution.
During that period, film policy was strengthened with the enactment, among others, of a decree-law on the regulation and protection of the Spanish film industry. She also directed stage plays Children of a Lesser God , and opera Cameo , as well as half a dozen pictures. On discovering the relationship between her attendant and her maid-servant, Diana is overcome with envy and jealousy and punishes them by separation. Recognising himself as the object of Diana's desire, which she periodically incites and then thwarts, this feeds Teodoros ambitions.
The famous reference to The Dog in the Manger is derived from a well-known saying from the play: Ha recibido 67 premios por su trabajo como dramarurgo, director de teatro y television, productor y promoror de la cultura mexicania. Se Ic considera como el rescatador del gCnero de la "pastorela". Gracias a sus esfuerzos de recopilaciOn y rescate se ha recuperado este gran movimiento de teatro que parecIa perdi-.
Fue asesor personal de Indira Ghandi y es, en la actualidad, asesor de la Organizacion de las Naciones Unidas. Miguel Sabido was born in Mexico. He has received 67 prizes for his work as dramatist, theatre and television director, producer and promotor of the Mexican culture. He was also director of the Cultural Channel Nine of Tele visa, for ten years. He is considered an authority in what is known as the Franciscan Evangelist Theatre of the XVI century and thanks to his efforts of compilation and rescue of this great theatre movement, it was not lost for ever and has been recovered.
He is an advisor to the United Nations and was a personal advisor to Indira Ghaodi. Por rnedio de esros coloquios los indigenas se acercan a los dioses para que sobrevivan y vivan con ellos, en armonla y felicidad. The story of Santo Luzbel takes place in the present-day Mexico. It tells the story of the life of an indian village where religious fervour is perpetuated through the traditional colloquy a theatre concept of the Franciscan evangelist friars for the religious ceremonies in their different expression: Through this colloquy the indians reach out to the gods so that they may survive and live with them in harmony and happiness.
Santo Luzbel shows how this colloquy operates, by telling the tale of a group that promises to carry out the ceremony inspired by tradition and religious faith. To do so, they must overcome serious obstacles posed by the lack of understanding, albeit the misunderstandings that are the product of transcultural dialogue.
The film was shot in villages in one of the most beautiful regions of Mexico, rich in cultural diversity: Eliseo Alvarez y Jorge Rocca. Como actor de cine ha logrado interpreraciones memorables, como las de La cifra impar, Circe y Castigo al traidor, las tres de Manuel AntIn, y rutty especialmenre las de Los siete locos, de Leopoldo Torre Nilsson y El poder de las tinieblas, de Mario SSbato.
Sergio Rendn was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in Actor and director for the theatre, television and cinema, he began his career at the beginning of the 50s, in independent groups. He is also outstanding as a theatre director with such pieces as Taste of Honey Saber a miel and Dracula, among others. For television, and for Channel 7-ATC he has directed several important programmes such as The Greats Novels Las grandes novelas and as a cinema director he had his debut with The Truce La tregua , the first Argentine film which was nominated for an Academy Award.
Between and he directed the Colon Opera House in Buenos Aires and is currently carrying out duties concerning culture within the foreign ministry. Heores' Dream El sue ho de los hEroes is his seventh feature film.
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Tres noches de carnaval son suficientes para dejar tendido a cualquiera. Durante tres ahos intenta, repi-. Three nights of carnival are enough to knock anyone out. Such is the case of a young man who blacks out from drinking. Unable to remember anything that could have happened, but with the terrible certainty that his lost memory hides the most important event in his life, for three years he attempts to recover that moment, by repeating the same circumstances until the plot drags him to a unusual outcome..
George Nasser, Michael McGaegh. Llegado fue cameraman independienre y director de varias producciones Para la television de su pals. Heiner Stadler was born in Pllsting, Lower Bavaria, in For a time he worked as a news reporter and began studying journalism in Munich, then at the Munich Rim school.
From to he was a lecturer in film history at the Munich highschool. Since he has been a freelance cameraman and director on various TV and film productions in his country. La pregunta dave de esta historia Cs: Guerra civil en ci Africa del Norte. Las Naciones Unjdas envIan tropas. La prensa internacional envIa reporteros. Otto trabajo para Jan Loy y Maynard Wilhelm.
Jan Loy es una de esas estrellas. Un fotografo cargado de premios caracterizado por su ojo despiadado y perfecto. Los dos saben de los. The question in this film is. The United Nations send troops. The international press sends reporters. Just another consignment for Jan Loy and Maynard Wilhelm. They know their colleagues from the last job in Sarajevo, Grosnyj, or some other corner of the world which looked different when they left, to what.
Jan Loy is one of their stars. A photographer weighed down with awards. Renown for his ruthlessly perfect eye. He stalks violence and finds it. He tames it in his pictures and it makes him famous. But it gets him in the end. Compact Production RA 1 D. En dirigio cortos documentales. La Mia Generazione es su debut como directora de largometraics. Wilma Labate was born in Italy. Since she collaborated with the RAI making various documentaries and television fiction programmes. She has made industrial documentaries and in she worked as assistant director to many important directors.
In she shot short documentaries. My Generation is her first feature film. Durante ci viaje, los habitantes de las regiones que atraviesa ci vehiculo reaccionan de diferentes formas. Christmas Eve ii: During the journey, the. Braccio's reaction is not entirely what was expected, and expresses all the pain and doubt accumulated in his years of confinement.
Srnivas Krishna, Robert Armstrong. Biografia Luhi es ci segundo largometraje del director Srnivas Krishna. Sus cortos fucron proyecrados a to largo y ancho de los Esrados Unidos y recibieron numerosos premios internacionales. Lulu is writer-director Srinivas Krishna's second feature. His debut feature, Masala, Which he directed, wrote, co-produced and acted in, was widely acclaimed. Born in India, Krishna studied art in Toronto and film in Philadelphia, where he began making short films and where he received an MFA in cinematography. These shorts were shown in the United States and received several international awards.
A resident of Toronto, Krishna has been actively involved in the city theatre community. A co-founder of Theatre at the Point, he has worked with the company as writer, director and actor Prior to shooting Lulu, Krishna directed a half-hour dance film, Burning Skin, for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation,and wrote a play, The Performing Art, which will premiere in Toronto in He also wrote, directed, produced and edited the experimental short Tell Me What You Saw.
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Lulu es ci retrato Intlnio de una mujet que busca amor y, en el proceso, se pierde ella misma. Canada desde Vietnam como "esposa por correo", y encuentra que sus deseos de bfisqueda de libertad Se desvanecen a su airededor: Para los hombres de su vida, la belieza de Lulii ocuita a una compieja y misreriosa mujer.
Lulu is an intimate portrait of a woman who searches for love but, in the process, loses herself. Beautiful, young and exotic, Lulu works at a cosmetic counter in a large department store. Having come to Canada from Vietnam as a mail-order bride, Lulu finds her hopes of finding freedom thwarted on all sides: To the men in her life, Lulu's beauty hides a complex and mysterious woman.
Lucky, her Canadian husband, loves her as he would any "acquisition". Miguel, a documentary filmmaker, finds it increasingly difficult to maintain a professional distance. And Clive, an old friend of Lucky's, senses the emptiness in Lulu's life but finds her more and more enigmatic the closer he gets Claudio Fracassi, Roossella Brudi. Ha escrito numerosos guiones entre y PalermoMilano, solo andata es su primer largometraje.
Claudio Fragasso was born in Rome, Italy, in , and its a representative member of his generation.
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He wrote many screenplays between and To die Young is his first feature film. La policla cambia de planes: Nino, un joven sin periencia, debe conducir a Leofonte a Milan con su hija, la finica sobreviviente de la masacre. El grupo tiene 24 horas P ara ilegar a la ciudad del forte italiano. En ci microcosmos del viaje se intercambian relatos y sentimientos.
Turi Leo fonte is an important mafia hood, although he leads the ordinary life of an employee in Palermo. A "pentito" mafia man has denounced him during a trial so Leo fonte has to be taken to Milan to testify about the money he was handling for the Mafia. During his trip to the Sicilian airport, a mafia commando attempts to take his life in order to prevent his confession, while other killers slay the rest of his family.
There is a sud den change in the Police plans: The group has only 24 hours to reach the Northern Italian town. During the trip, the group becomes a kind of microcosm where different feelings and relations intertwine. An interesting relationship between Leo fonte and his daughter arises; she was unaware of her father's real identity and he has little time to win her love back.
Francis Girod was born in Semblancay, France, in A journalist, actor; assistant, producer; he ends up behind a camera as his own producer His films are characterized by their involving atmosphere and because they take advantage of the enticing scenery, as part of the story. He is careful with the language in his films and after , he becomes a 'camera "professor at the National Conservatory of Dramatic Art in Paris. Se destaca en todas partes, y sus obras le dan notoriedad. Es asI que Berg asegura haber matado a su mujer. Antoine Rivere is a psychoanalist. Life seems to smile for him.
He is outstanding and his work brings him fame. Everything would be perfect if Antoine Rivere had not made two mistakes. The first, to accept Edouard Berg as a patient, the second, to listen to him. Berg says that he has killed his wife. Antoine does not know if his patient is crazy or a criminal. But how could he realize that it is too late to reason and that the walls are closing in on him? Srdejan Dragojevic was born in Belgrade in He graduated in Clinical Psychology at the University in , and received his diploma for film and direction of television at the University of Drama Arts in Belgrade, in In he publishes his first book of poetry: Book of Action Poetry, published by Radio Belgrade, and in the same year receives the highest award of exYugoesla via for poetry, the Branko Radicevich award.
In he published his second book of poetry: Uncle Blacksmith Shoes the Baby. His debut with All the Women are Named Kik, a En la prinlavera de un grupo de soldados queda atrapado en un n6ne1 desierto. Permanecen alil por diez dIas, sin agua y sin comida. Bromas, risas en Jo alto del noel. Se ha desatado una fiesta permanente En el nine! Milan y Halil Se conocieron durante la guerra.
Milan iCCUrldd a Ia perindisti nnrtca-. In the Spring of a group of soldiers was trapped in a deserted tunnel, and held in it for ten days without water or food. They managed to defend the site easily by covering both exits, but could not get out After a few days they started talking with the enemy outside. Jokes and laughter on the top of the tunnel. A constant party going on. In the tunnel the totally helpless Serb fighters managed to organize their escape.
They sneaked out one night, after the guards on top of the tunnel fell asleep. It took them three days to get back to Serb territory, Milan, who is seriously wounded in the hospital, remembers the ten day long hell that his platoon had gone through when they were trapped in a deserted tunnel. Simultaneously with the war scenes, nostalgic memories of his friendships with. Milan and Halil meet again during the war - one of them inside of the tunnel, the other above it Milan also remembers that American journalist, Lisa Linel, who found herself trapped inside the tunnel along with the Serbian soldiers.
There she was compelled to redefine her simplistic views on who's right and who is wrong, on what's is good and what bad Jorge Sarudiansky y Graciela Oderigo. Omar Jadur s' David Mantecon. Mario Levin 's specialty is psychology linked to the cinema. In the s he went into film via shorts and later did videos, in addition to the publication of a specialized magazine —CinEgrafo— and to teaching courses in Argentina and abroad. Black Narcissus Narciso Negro , a medium-feature work not released cornmercialy, followed by Sotto Voce, his first feature, this time based on a story by the Argentine writer Luis Gusmdn.
During a show at an old film theater, a spectator, while watching a scene in which two hoodlums beat up another man in a dark alley, suffers a heart attack and dies. A month later, a medical quack arrives, at a regatta club in very poor physical condition, where he meets Walenskv the keeoer of the establish-.
The Disappearance of Finbar Bertil Ohlson, Martin Bruce Clayton.
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Sue Clayton is an Irish journalist, composer and backup-singer as well as director She has made over twenty documentaries and docu-dramas, including the award-winning Japan Dreaming , for Central TV and How to Survive a Lifestyle, for Channel 4. Pero Finbar, ni siquiera puede suicidarse correctamente. Tired of being a loner and unable to leave the small community where he lives, Finbar decides to commit suicide.
He climbs onto a flyover waits for one of those misterious trucks to pass by underneath and jumps But Finbar can't even get suicide right. He ends up on the back of the lorry and is exported to Sweden with a load of sugar beet, so guaranteeing himself a place in the annals of unresolved crime, and in the hearts and imaginations of those he left behind.
It is left to Danny, his only friend, to wade through a litter of memories, clues and false trials at home, then pursue Finbar across half of Scandinavia to his final destination and fate —that of Tango King in a Finnish nightclub, wind-farm caretaker, and lover of the elusive Abbi Svelstrom. Somewhere along the line. Dany learns a lesson about what holds people together, and what tears them apart.
Christopher Hampton, basado en un relato de Joseph Conrad. En se graduo con First Class Honours Degree. Hampton ha escrito Para la escena, y Para y la pantalla durante sus primeros 30 anus profesionales. El agente secreto es ci segundo flim que ha escrito y dirigido Christopher Hampton was born in the Azores, in Hampton has been writing for stage and screen for nearly thirty years. Hampton had always admired Conrad 's work and had spent some time developing Nostromo, with David Lean until the latter's sudden death just weeks before filming began.
The Secret Agent is the second film he has both written and directed. Un miembro de un grupo anarquista en ci Soho es requerido per sus superiores para traicionar al grupo del que forma parte de una forma espectacular. Consecuencias terriblcmente distintas a las que en principio habia imaginado Verloc is an Agent Provocateur who is secretly working for the police and the Russian Embassy while ostensibly a member of an anarchist group in Soho, and is required by his superiors to betray the anarchist group in some spectacular way.
The plan goes horribly wrong, and the repercussions for him and his wife Winnie are dramatically different from those that Verloc intended Hans Zimmer, Harry Gregson-Williams. Comenzh su carrera cinematografica en como co-fundador y co-director del Festival Internacional de Cine de Seattle y fue el responsable del crecimiento artistico del mismo durante 12 anos. Este cine sigue siendo la sede del Festival de Seattle. Durante sus tres anus con Vestrom, Ireland fue Productor Ejecutivo de 15 peliculas. The whole wide world es SU primer largometraje como director.
During his 12year association with the Festival, Ireland was responsible for the artistic growth of the annual event. He was co-owner of the Egyptian Theatre in Seattle, the most successful independent theatre in the state of Washington. This theatre is still home to the Seattle International Film Festival. In he joined Vestrom Pictures as Director of Acquisitions. During his three years at Vestrom, Ireland was Executive Producer of 15 films. The Whole Wide World is his first feature film.
Based on her acclaimed autobiographical book, The Whole Wide World tells the story of Novalyne Price, an attractive Texas schoolteacher and her bittersweet, romantic and turbulent relationship with Robert E. Howard, the great pulp fiction writer of the s. Maria Luisa Zavala, Ros Ros. He graduated from the Official Cinema School and alternated his theoretical studies with work as an assistant to Carlos Saura and Basilio Martin Patino. He has written over seventy pieces of literature for children and assisted as a script writer in titles such as Habla mudifa, Camada negra, Queridisimos verdugos, among others.
He has also written scripts for the Spanish television and in was awarded the Golden Bear at the Berlin Festival for Las truchas. Also, Garcia Sanchez has an intense activity in video. Recuerdos de Valencia, a Lines de los anos '50, cuando los que boy pasan los cincuenta arrimaban a los veinte y vivIan sus primeras experiencias como adolescentes que prolongaban en el tiempo su juventud casi a la fuerza. Es una historia de amor, la de un chico y una chica, que, sin embargo, Vista a la distancia puede parecer hasta ridIcula. Con feiicidad y con tristeLa, con un tranvIa de los que entonces todavia funcionaban, atravesando las cat lies con rumbo al destino.
Memories of Valencia, at the end of the , when those who are today over fifty years old were on the verge of their twenties and were living their first experiences as adolescents, wishing that their youth could go on eternally. A love story, a boy and girl, which, nonetheless, seen at a distance can seem ridiculous. Happiness and sadness, a tram, which in those days was still functioning, going around the streets, on it way.
Hamsun Jan TroelI Hamsun Ha dirigido numeros cortos, fue asisrente de Bo Widerherg, asI como cameraman y co-montajista de numerosas obras ajenas antes de debutar como director en En dirigio La esposa cornprada en los Esrados Unidos. Jan Troell was born in Limhann, Skane, Sweden in , The son of a dentist, he worked as a teacher in a school for nine years before he began his cinema career at the beginning of the 60s. He has directed numerous shorts, was assistant to Bo Widerberg and cameraman and co-editor in numerous films, before he had his debut as director in He has become the most important Swedish director of his generation, for capturing with sensitivity the literature of his country and making it into films.
In he directed Zandy's Bride in the United States. He has also been photography director, editor and co-script writer, in most of his work. The Film gathers, from the singular look of the director of Zandy's Bride La miller corn prada , aspects of the life of the controversial Norwegian writer Knut Hamsun , winner of the Nobel Literature prize in In poetry, plays and above all novels, he did important work dealing with the social concerns of the XIX century, in favor of individualism, as well as a mystical union with Nature.
Some of his novels, such as Hunger; describe the effect caused by starvation on a sensitive intelligence. Bread is a lyric description of nature, downplaying human tragedy, which it describes, a position which was worthy of the contempt of those people who oppose his view of the world. In World War II, he had come out in support of the nazis. Cecchi Gori Group Tiger Cinematogrkfica. Fabio Rinaudo, Giuseppe Tornatore. Giuseppe Tornatore was born in Bagheria, Italy, in Director, acclaimed for Cinema Paradiso, he appears on the Italian cinema scene when the big names from days gone by are beginning to become a legend.
He has become, by his own merits, one of the stars of Italian and European cinema of the 90s. Corre ci ano Joe Morelli is a talent seeker, hunting for stars, who carries an Ascania camera and a roll of film and uses a megaphone to call the inhabitants of the villages in Sicily to screen tests, for the cinema, promising them a glorious future on the screen. For each screen test he collects one thousand five hundred liras, not much money, if you think of what the people will earn, if they become famous.
Donald Rosenfeld, Paul Bradley. Temas y variaciones, un semi-documental. Ivory ha dirigido 19 pelIcuias de largometraje. James Ivory was born in Berkeley, California, and later attended the University of Oregon, where he majored in architecture and fine arts. Theme and variations, a half-hour documentary. An easy rapport with India was evidenced in Ivory's second film, The Sword and the Flute, based entirely on Indian miniature paintings in American collections. Their first feature was The Householder, based on a early novel by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, who adapted it for the screen.
In , Ivory received the D. Ivory has directed 19 theatrical films. The story of a great creative genius and the young girl whose fate it was to fall in love with him. In Pablo Picasso was in his middle 60s and Fran coise, an art student, was 23, beautiful, self possessed, living in Paris. For a decade, Francois struggled to survive as an individual in a relationship with the most demanding, domineering and unfaithful man she was ever to meet -and, despite her realization that she must leave him to survive, she never stopped loving him.
Surviving Picasso is a story about a unique and remarkable romantic attach-. Sinopsis Collin, el alter-ego de Truman Capote, pierde a sus padres de muy chico. El joven Collin es forzado a vivir con las dos primas del padre, las hermanas Talbo. La sensible Dolly fabrica un remedio casero con la ayuda de la famiha de coeineros de Catherine. The sensitive Dolly, makes do during the Depression peddling a home remedy created in her kitchen with the help of the family cook Catherine.
The episodic story focuses on Collins coming of age. But everything could happen. Mas tarde sera profesor de dicha escuela, colaborador de Carlos Santa en los guiones de Los golfos y Lianto por un bandido. Mario Camus was born in in Santander, Spain. He studied law before entering IIEC. He has also worked in the cinema. Camus has been outstanding in his country's television. Su future, se vislumbra predecible.
Sin embargo, un suceso fortuiro altera radicalmente su vida. An auditor leads a happy life in a recognisable urban landscape of terraced, symmetrical houses. His future appears predictable. But an accidental event unleashes an unforeseen succession of lies which will change his life completely and will make him, at the same time, look at it differently. His ridiculous experience will allow him to exchange claryfing confidences, gain an insight into his wife's silence, and above all learn about the fallacy of quietness, discover that it is possible for everything to burst, open so that panic, or the truth will surface, or, simply, routine Bajo la piel Francisco J.
Lombardi Bajo la piel En funda la Inca Films yen ella, hasta , dirige cortometrajes For los que obtiene distintos premios.
Muerte al amanecer es su primer largometraje, al que siguen Muerte de un magnate, Maruja en ci infierno y La ciudad y Ins perros con ci que participa en ci. En aborda el tema de la violencia de Scndero Luminoso en La boca del lobo, con la que gana la Concha de Plata en ci. Lombardi was born in Peru. He studied in Tacna and later travelled to Argentina in to study at the Film.
School of Santa Fe, until it was closed by the military government, for this reason he returned to Peru', to finish his studies as a Film Director. Un policla atIpico, tImido, inseguro y que rechaza la vioiencia, es ci encargado del puesto poilcia! A most unlikely police officer - timid, insecure, who normally keeps away from all violence is designated as the head of the police force in Palle, a small town in the north of PerU, home in times gone of the Moche culture, the most bloody and yet beautiful nation of the pre-Inca era.
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The story begins in Palle with a series of crimes that are committed in full Moche tradition: Percy who is in charge of the investigation, contacts a Spanish pathologist and a professor expert in the Moche culture. The relationship between the Spanish girl and the police becomes more and more intimate until finally it breaks into a passionate love affair, causing strong. At the same time, his relationship with the assasin reveals the dark side that exists in all of us, and which has been existing for millions of years Jamie es rechazado por sus compafieros y no va a!
Sandra, la madre de Jamie, luchadona y generosa, quiere comprender a so hijo y hace cualquier cosa por lograr on ascenso en el trabajo e in-. Beautiful Thing es su primer largometraje. But she took her first step ahead when she directed, which at age 24 made her become the youngest director of a theatre play in the West End. Beautiful Thing, is his first feature film. La amistad de los chicos se convierte en romance A torrid summer in Thamesmead, South London. Three boys are bored to death. Jamie is rejected by his friends and doesn't go to class.
Ste is ill treated by his father and brother; Leah, expelled from college, lives in the musical world of The Mamas and the Papas. Sandra, Jamie's mother, generous and a fighter, who wants to understand her son, works like mad to get a promotion and tries to maintain a relationship with her lover, Tony, a real halfwit. The friendship between the two boys turns into a sentimental relationship. Bwana Imanol Uribe Bwana Es autor de obras de envergadura, como La muerte de Mike! Imanol Uribe was born in in San Salvador, El Salvador When he was very young he went to live in Spain and studied journalism and directing at the Official Cinema School, where he graduated in All his activities within and outside the cinema industry are linked to his country.
He is author of pieces of work of a scope such as La Muerte de Mike! Sinopsis Antonio es un taxista que aprovecha un fin de semana para viajar a una playa lejana y solitaria en Cabo de Guata, junto a su familia. Antonio is a taxi driver who takes advantage of the weekend to travel to a faraway and solitary beach in Cape Guata, along with his family.
Whilst he is fishing, his youngest daughter discovers a coloured man nearby and runs to tell her parents. Ombasi, the unknown one, runs after the little girl, calling for help in his language. Antonio believes his family is in danger and following an anguishing night, waiting for the attack, that never comes, tragedy strikes He began his career in as a programme director for the BBC. An inheritor of the "free cinema' direct relative of the New American Cinema Group, Loach, turned round the way certain themes were dealt with on British television, which he later incorporated into his films in work such as Poor cow Pobre vaca Kes, Family life Vida familiar and Black Jack.
Going against the ethical tide which began when Margaret Thatcher came into office led him to challenge conventional guidelines. That is what happened in Rift Raft and Raining Stones, before he got involved in internal questioning of the Republican Front during the Spanish civil war and finally to take a look at the Sandinist revolution in Nicaragua. Carla, una refugiada nicaraguense, Ilega a Glasgow donde conoce a George, tin conductor de autobtis.
Asi, los dos deciden partir hacia Nicaragua para combatir voluntariamente contra La dictadura somocjsta So, they decide to head to Nicaragua to fight voluntarily against the Somoza dictatorship.. El dedo en la flaga Alberto Lecchi El dedo en la Ilaga Tras haber dirigido dos interesantes cortomerrajes, fue ci coguionista de Un lugar en el mundo junto a Adolfo Aristarain y Kathy Saavedra. Alberto Lecchi started out as second assistant director, but quickly went on to first spot in the area. Su auto se descompone en plena ruta y se yen forzados a pasar Ia noche en un pueblito de provincia.
Los dos terminan presos, pero una vez en libertad, son tentados per los alumnos de un profesor del lugar, dispuestos a juntar fondos Para su viaje de egresados. After failing in Buenos Aires, two Spanish actors —one Basque and the other Catalonian— search for fortune in the interior of the country. Their car breaks down on the highway and they are forced to spend the night in a small provincial town. They manage to barter the repair of the vehicle for their participation in a dinner to promote the construction of an international hotel, which erupts into scandal.
They end up in jail, but once free are tempted by the students of a local professor, who are attempting to raise funds for their graduation trip. The evening takes place during an election campaign for mayor, and none of the candidates welcomes the benefit performance Aristides Vargas, basado en el libro de Jorge Enrique Adoum.
Camilo Luzuriaga y Rodolfo Bohmwald. Camilo Luzuriaga was born in Lola, Ecuador in A photographer since he has held numerous exhibitions and was a photography professor at the arts faculty of the Central University in Ecuador between and and at the Architecture and Design Faculty of the Catholic University in his country from Sinopsis Galo Gabvez es un intelectual atado a una silba de ruedas. Este dltinlo es la sIntesis de la crisis de idenridad del intciccrual ecuatoriano actual, entre su matriz cultural europea y so matriz americana.
Galo Galvez is an intellectual, tied to a wheelchair He lives with Falcon, his servant and with Margaramaria, his fiancee, with whom he maintains a curious relationship mixing that of party militant, his hemiplegia and the need to love. They are members of the Comunist Party, the same as the author, set upon portraying their lives.
It is a synthesis of the identity crisis currently affecting an Ecuadorian intellectual, within his European culture and American mould. The story takes place in Quito, in the seventies, with all the unhappiness of its characters, faithful to the spirit of the time, who dreamt of changing the world Un peon se enamora de una jovencita hija de estancieros de la region. Son tiempos de conflictos obreros que terminan en sangrientas represiones, de las que no podran escapar Hasta su debut como director con Flores amarillas Until his debut as a director with Flores amarillas Yellow flowers , he held positions in different areas of the Argentine and Colombian cinema.
Early s in the Argentine Patagonia. A farmhand falls in love with the young daughter of farm owners in the region. It is a time of labor conflicts which end in bloody repression, from which they will be unable to escape Crisrina Francioni, Massimo Ostis.: Estudio filosofia en la Universidad de Bolona. Es director de video. Hotel Paura es su primer largometraje. Renato de Maria was born in Varese, Italy, in He studied Philosophy at the University of Solo gne. As a video director. For the Rainforest Foundation he shot a documentary with Sting in the Amazonian forest. In he founds in Bologna Monochrome, an independent production house which allows him to realize his first movie, II trasloco, shot in 16 mm.
After being in charge of documentary and the "avanzi" shows for the RAI, he inaugurates in October , in Bologna, the Laboratorio Cinematogrdfico Pilastro, where he is an author as well as producer with Enza Nagroni. Hotel Paura is his first feature film. Su esposa decide marcharse con ci hijo de ambos a la casa de sus padres. Carlo marcha con rumba al mundo de los marginados, donde conoce otra forms de vida: El miedo a queclarse solo haciendofiierza par mantenerse aflote" Renato de Maria.
Carlo Ruggeri, manager of a big firm in Milano, is about to buy an appartment, bigger than the one he and his family are living in; but they have to leave because the owner wants it back. During the merging of this firm, Carlo is suddenly fired. The eviction becomes executive, the bank refuses from now on the credit for Carlo because he is unemployed and the advance he pays for the appartment can not be taken back. The wife, decides to spend the summer in her parents home, with her son.
Carlo marches to the world of the people of the streets, with other ways of life: To lose loves and goods. The fear of being left alone to overcome everything and to stay afloat" Renato de Maria. Raymond To Kwok-wai, basado en su pieza teatral. En hizo su debut como director, con Con on beso, una historia de amor acerca de dos quinceaheros retardados mentales. Shu Kel was born in Hong Kong, in He started as a film critic in his teens and began writing scripts for television when he was still in university.
Among the directors he worked with during this period were Ann Hui, Patrick Tam, and others. In he made his directorial debut, sealed With a Kiss, a love story about two mentally retarded teenagers. He has also written two novels, and is the editor of the autobiography of Sun Yu, one of the most renowned Chinese directors of the 30s. Pero la historia Se refiere tambin al cruce de orras 11neas, parte de un mensaje profundo, que gira alrededor de una gran aetriz de la opera cantonesa, sus alegrIas y tristezas, de la mano de una de las mks importantes actrices del Hong Kong actual.
Este film foe presentado en el Forum del tiltimo Festival de Berlin. Hu-du-men is, in Cantonese opera, the imaginary line which separates the backstage from the scenery. According to tradition, once the actor crosses this line, he leaves to one side all his personal things and becomes a character who is difficult to deal with. But the story also refers to the crossing of other lines, part of a deep message, which moves around a great actress of the Cantonese opera, her happy and sad moments, hand in hand with one of the most important actresses in present day Hong Kong.
This film was presented at the forum of the last Berlin Festival. Jorge Goldenberg, basado en la novela horndnima de Alvaro Mutis. Alessandra Montagna, Martha Torres. Sergio Cabrera was born in Colombia in He has worked for television and directed documentaries and successful scripts. La histonia comienza cuando Maqroll se ye obligado a estacionar en Panama la nave en que viaja, tras el suicidio del capitan, acorralado por sus ilIcitos.
Cuando eomienza a hover, llega Ilona. Un dIa llega Larissa, que vive entre la angustia y La locura. Pero la presencia de Larissa preanuncia una tragedia Maqroll, with a suspicious passport issued in Cyprus, Ilona Grabowska, from Trieste and Abdul Bashur, a Lebanese man, have in common love, adventures and values. Also a dream; to buy a ship, without a flag and to be free to decide their destination. The story begins when Maqroll is obliged to park in Panama the ship in which he is travelling, following the captain's suicide, because of his offences.
When it begins to rain Ilona arrives. The two occupy a brothel —Villa Rosa— where only false women work. One day Larissa arrives, who lives wrought wth anguish and craziness. When Abdul announces his imminent arrival in Panama, Ilona and Maqroll decide to get rid of Villa Rosa to join the ship. But, Larissa presence, announces a tragedy.. Graduado en , ha dirigido numerosos cortometrajes, y especiales Para television en Este trabajo foe nominado por la Academia de Hollywood Para el Oscar al mejor film de habla no ingiesa, y se convertiria en ci titulo de mayor ixito de la era posterior a la RevoluciOn de Terciopelo.
Su road-movie Jizda El paseo no fue demasiado popular con ci pilbiico. Alterna su trabajo en cine argumentai con cine publicitario y ha side, premiado con ci Leon de Plata per un corto Para la firma Colgate-. Morfalus, en ci Festival dc Cannes. Jan Sverdk is the son of the screenwriter and actor Zdnek Sverdk. After finishing his secondary education he applied for a place at Pragues 's Film academy FAMLI , Graduated in , he directed several short films, and two television studies.
In , the warm-hearted period film set in post-war Czecholslovakia was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In between making pictures, Sverak directs commercials. Sinopsis Louka, ci violoncellista, es vIctima de la venganza de on funcionario del partido comunista de so pals. Un dla, un vecino Ic propone casamiento con una lejana pariente rusa, que necesita documentos checos, a cambio de dinero.
Comienzan a surgir las contradicciones entre ese adulto sin familia y Un chico ruso. Llega la RevoluciOn de Terciopelo, con so viento de libertad. La mujer rusa retorna, y el viejo Louka se reincopora a su orquesta. La corta relaciOn con aquel chico ha cambiado so vida Louka is a violinist and celloist and victim of revenge of a member of the communist party in his country. The musician had maintained an affair with this man's wife and now he sees how his future is disappearing.
To survive he plays music at funerals and in his spare time repairs tombstones. One day a neighbor suggests that he marry a distant Russian relative, who needs Czechoslovakian documents, in return for money. Some time later, the neighbor tells him that his wife has gone to Germany, where the man she loves lives, having left her son Kolja, with.
When the aunt suddenly dies Kolja contacts Louka, his nearest relative. Contradictions begin to appear between this family-less adult and the Russian boy. The Velvet Revolution arrives and with it freedom. The Russian woman comes back and the old man Louka goes back to his orchestra. The short relationship with that boy has changed his life. Marilyn Fitoussi, Delphine Provent. Les Caprices d'un Fleuve is one of the big superproductions of the recent French cinema.
Exiled to an insignificant colony in eastern Africa, after having killed a friend of king Louis XVI in a duel, the young nobleman Jean-Francois de la Plaine believes himself to be on another planet. Libertarias Vicente Aranda Libertarias From his ample list of films El Lute, camina o revienta and El amante Ijilingile stand out. Libertarians is his eighteenth feature film. Instalado defmnitivamente en Barcelona, abre su propia producrora. Aranda es uno de los pioneros de la Escuela de Barcelona.
Entre sus obras se destacan El Lute, camina o revienta y El amante bilingue. Libertarias es su largometraje nrImero dieciocho. Vicente Aranda was born in Barcelona, Spain, in After infancy and adolescence in Barcelona, he lives in Venezuela between and , working with NCR Company, installing accountancy systems. Finally installed in Barcelona, opened a production company. He is one of the pioneers of the Barcelona's School. Sinopsis 19 de julio de The revolution has just started in a small town near Barcelona, Maria, a young innocent nun escaped from a convent takes shelter in a brothel, whith some militia women from the Free Women organisation with the mission of freeing prostitutes.
Maria will participate in the armed fight, enrolled in this group of women who prefer "to die 'on their feet' like men to living 'on their knees' as servants. Basado en la pieza Ricardo Ill, de William Shakespeare. Pasquale Buha, William A. Son of Sicilians, anti-heroe of the 70s. He tried to study theatre, but had to give it up to work as a doorman. He returned to the independent theatre and in practised at the Actor's Studio of Lee Strasberg, a short time before winning an Obie. He has worked with numerous important directors. Of his films the most outstanding are Dog Day Afternoon Tarde de.
A kind of backstage on the set of Richard Ill, William Shakespeare's famous piece of work, in which the actors are trying to get into their characters. Meanwhile, Pacino, is out and about on the streets of New York, to gather opinions of its inhabitants concerning this piece of work.
Throughout the film, Pacino changes his own image, because of the amount of time that was taken to investigate and shoot the film. Manoel de Oliveira y Agustina Bessa-Luis. Manoel de Oliveira was born in Passamarinas, Portugal, in He is the big star of the Portuguese cinema. He had his debut in vanguard documentaries and with a piece of work called AnikiBobo, which was about Italian neo-realism. Nonetheless, his international career began in , following literary works and plays for the theatre, which achieved interesting reflexions concerning the rela-.
In , it was reported that television was growing into a component of major media companies revenues than film. Some also noted the increase in quality of television programs. When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew. Then they offer it to the networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series. If the network likes the pilot, they pick up the show to air it the next season, sometimes they save it for mid-season, or request rewrites and further review.
Theatre — The performers may communicate this experience to the audience through combinations of gesture, speech, song, music, and dance. Modern theatre, broadly defined, includes performances of plays and musical theatre, there are connections between theatre and the art forms of ballet, opera and various other forms. The city-state of Athens is where western theatre originated, participation in the city-states many festivals—and mandatory attendance at the City Dionysia as an audience member in particular—was an important part of citizenship.
The Greeks also developed the concepts of dramatic criticism and theatre architecture, Actors were either amateur or at best semi-professional. The theatre of ancient Greece consisted of three types of drama, tragedy, comedy, and the satyr play, the origins of theatre in ancient Greece, according to Aristotle, the first theoretician of theatre, are to be found in the festivals that honoured Dionysus. The performances were given in semi-circular auditoria cut into hillsides, capable of seating 10, the stage consisted of a dancing floor, dressing room and scene-building area.
Since the words were the most important part, good acoustics, the actors wore masks appropriate to the characters they represented, and each might play several parts. Athenian tragedy—the oldest surviving form of tragedy—is a type of dance-drama that formed an important part of the culture of the city-state. Having emerged sometime during the 6th century BCE, it flowered during the 5th century BCE, no tragedies from the 6th century BCE and only 32 of the more than a thousand that were performed in during the 5th century BCE have survived.
We have complete texts extant by Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the origins of tragedy remain obscure, though by the 5th century BCE it was institution alised in competitions held as part of festivities celebrating Dionysus. As contestants in the City Dionysias competition playwrights were required to present a tetralogy of plays, the performance of tragedies at the City Dionysia may have begun as early as BCE, official records begin from BCE, when the satyr play was introduced.
More than years later, the philosopher Aristotle analysed 5th-century Athenian tragedy in the oldest surviving work of dramatic theory—his Poetics, Athenian comedy is conventionally divided into three periods, Old Comedy, Middle Comedy, and New Comedy. Old Comedy survives today largely in the form of the surviving plays of Aristophanes. New Comedy is known primarily from the papyrus fragments of Menander. Aristotle defined comedy as a representation of people that involves some kind of blunder or ugliness that does not cause pain or disaster.
In addition to the categories of comedy and tragedy at the City Dionysia, finding its origins in rural, agricultural rituals dedicated to Dionysus, the satyr play eventually found its way to Athens in its most well-known form. Satyrs themselves were tied to the god Dionysus as his loyal companions, often engaging in drunken revelry.
Comedy — In a modern sense, comedy refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, and stand-up comedy. The origins of the term are found in Ancient Greece, in the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters.
The theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a performance which pits two groups or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a Society of Youth and a Society of the Old, a revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes.
Satire and political satire use comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, parody subverts popular genres and forms, critiquing those forms without necessarily condemning them. Similarly scatological humour, sexual humour, and race humour create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways, a comedy of manners typically takes as its subject a particular part of society and uses humor to parody or satirize the behaviour and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms.
The adjective comic, which means that which relates to comedy is, in modern usage. Of this, the word came into usage through the Latin comoedia and Italian commedia and has, over time. The Greeks and Romans confined their use of the comedy to descriptions of stage-plays with happy endings.
Aristotle defined comedy as an imitation of men worse than the average, however, the characters portrayed in comedies were not worse than average in every way, only insofar as they are Ridiculous, which is a species of the Ugly. The Ridiculous may be defined as a mistake or deformity not productive of pain or harm to others, the mask, for instance, in the Middle Ages, the term expanded to include narrative poems with happy endings.
It is in this sense that Dante used the term in the title of his poem, as time progressed, the word came more and more to be associated with any sort of performance intended to cause laughter. During the Middle Ages, the comedy became synonymous with satire. They disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms and they viewed comedy as simply the art of reprehension, and made no reference to light and cheerful events, or to the troubling beginnings and happy endings associated with classical Greek comedy.
After the Latin translations of the 12th century, the term gained a more general meaning in medieval literature. Starting from BCE, Aristophanes, a playwright and satirical author of the Ancient Greek Theater wrote 40 comedies,11 of which survive. Aristophanes developed his type of comedy from the satyr plays. The official investigation by the Spanish judiciary found that the attacks were directed by an al-Qaeda-inspired terrorist cell, though they had no role in the planning or implementation, the Spanish miners who sold the explosives to the terrorists were also arrested.
Immediately after the bombing, leaders of the PP claimed evidence indicating the Basque separatist organization ETA was responsible for the bombings, following the attacks, there were nationwide demonstrations and protests asking the government to tell the truth. The bombings constituted the deadliest terrorist attack carried out in the history of Spain and it was the worst attack to occur in Europe since the Lockerbie bombing.
After 21 months of investigation, judge Juan del Olmo processed Moroccan national Jamal Zougam, among several others, the September sentence established no known mastermind nor direct al-Qaeda link, but experts have repeatedly said that there is no such thing as an intellectual author in Spanish law. During the peak of Madrid rush hour on the morning of Thursday,11 March , the date led to the popular abbreviation of the incident as M.
It was later reported that thirteen improvised explosive devices had been placed on the trains, the following time-line of events comes from the judicial investigation. Based on the recording from the station security system, the first bomb exploded at 07, The police reported numerous victims and spoke of 50 wounded and several dead, by 08,30 the emergency ambulance service, SAMUR, had set up a field hospital at the Daoiz y Velarde sports facility.
Bystanders and local residents helped relief workers, as hospitals were told to expect the arrival of many casualties, at 08,43, firefighters reported 15 dead at El Pozo. By 09,00, the police had confirmed the death of at least 30 people —20 at El Pozo and about 10 in Santa Eugenia, people combed the citys major hospitals in search of family members who they thought were aboard the trains.
The total number of victims was higher than in any other terrorist attack in Spain, on that occasion, responsibility was claimed by ETA. It was Europes worst terror attack since the bombing of Pan Am Flight over Lockerbie, Scotland, a device composed of 12 kilograms of Goma-2 ECO with a detonator and meters of wire was found on the track of a high-speed railway line on 2 April. Francisco Franco — Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator for 36 years from until his death. As a conservative and a monarchist, he opposed the abolition of the monarchy, with the elections, the conservative Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Right-wing Groups lost by a narrow margin and the leftist Popular Front came to power.
Intending to overthrow the republic, Franco followed other generals in attempting a coup that precipitated the Spanish Civil War. With the death of the generals, Franco quickly became his factions only leader. Leaving half a million dead, the war was won by Franco in He established a dictatorship, which he defined as a totalitarian state. Franco proclaimed himself Head of State and Government under the title El Caudillo, under Franco, Spain became a one-party state, as the various conservative and royalist factions were merged into the fascist party and other political parties were outlawed.
Francos regime has been called a fascist one, Spain was isolated by the international community for nearly a decade after World War II. By the s, the nature of his regime changed from being openly totalitarian, by the s Spain saw incremental reforms and progressive economic development. After a year rule, Franco died in and he restored the monarchy before his death, which made King Juan Carlos I his successor, who led the Spanish transition to democracy.
After a referendum, a new constitution was adopted, which transformed Spain into a democracy under a constitutional monarchy. Franco was born at half past noon on December 4,, at Calle Frutos Saavedra in Ferrol and his father was of Andalusian ancestry. Not needing any more officers, the Naval Academy admitted no new entrants from to , to his fathers chagrin, Francisco decided to try the Spanish Army.
In , he entered the Infantry Academy in Toledo, graduating in as a lieutenant, two years later, he obtained a commission to Morocco. Spanish efforts to occupy their new African protectorate provoked the protracted Rif War with native Moroccans and their tactics resulted in heavy losses among Spanish military officers, and also provided an opportunity to earn promotion through merit. It was said that officers would receive either la caja o la faja, Franco quickly gained a reputation as a good officer.
According to the census, Elche has a population of some , inhabitants, ranking as the third most populated city in the Valencian Community, part of the municipality is coastal but the main city is some 11 km from the Mediterranean Sea. This original location was settled by the Greeks and then occupied by Carthaginians and Romans, Greeks Ionian colonists from the achaian city Helice established their new colony, naming it Helike around BC.
The Romans called the city Ilici and granted it the status of colonia, after a brief Byzantine rule, Elche lost importance during the period of Moorish occupation, when it was moved slightly north to its present location. James II of Aragon took the city from the Moors in the 13th century, many archaeological remains have been found in Elche, with the stone bust of the Lady of Elche being the most important.
This may date from the Iberian period, the original is in the National Archaeological Museum of Spain. It is played every year in mid August, in the context of the local holidays dedicated to the Assumption of Virgin Mary. Spanish Civil War — Ultimately, the Nationalists won, and Franco then ruled Spain for the next 36 years, from April until his death in November Sanjurjo was killed in an accident while attempting to return from exile in Portugal.
The Nationalists and the Republican government fought for control of the country, the Nationalist forces received munitions and soldiers from Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, while the Republican side received support from the Communist Soviet Union and leftist populist Mexico. Other countries, such as the United Kingdom and France, operated a policy of non-intervention.
The Nationalists advanced from their strongholds in the south and west and they also besieged Madrid and the area to its south and west for much of the war.